Form S-1
Table of Contents

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 25, 2005


UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM S-1

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

Under

The Securities Act of 1933


RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)


Louisiana*   5812   72-1060618

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(Primary Standard Industrial

Classification Code Number)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)


3321 Hessmer Avenue

Metairie, Louisiana 70002

(504) 454-6560

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)


Craig S. Miller

President and Chief Executive Officer

3321 Hessmer Avenue

Metairie, Louisiana 70002

(504) 454-6560

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)


Copies of all communications, including communications sent to agent for service, should be sent to:

James S. Rowe

Kirkland & Ellis LLP

200 East Randolph Drive

Chicago, Illinois 60601

Telephone: (312) 861-2000

Telecopy: (312) 861-2200

 

Christopher C. Paci

Michael J. Schiavone

Shearman & Sterling LLP

599 Lexington Avenue

New York, New York 10022

Telephone: (212) 848-4000

Telecopy: (212) 844-7179

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public:    As soon as practicable after this Registration Statement becomes effective.

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box:  ¨

If this Form is filed to registered additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ¨

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ¨

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ¨

If delivery of the prospectus is expected to be made pursuant to Rule 434, please check the following box.  ¨

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE


Title of Each Class of Securities to be Registered    Proposed Maximum
Aggregate
Offering Price(1)(2)
   Amount of
Registration Fee(1)

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share .

   $ 235,000,000    $ 27,659.50

(1)   Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee pursuant to Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
(2)   Includes shares of common stock that the underwriters have the option to purchase to cover over-allotments, if any.
*   It is anticipated that the registrant will be converted to a Delaware corporation prior to the offering.

The registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities act of 1933 or until this Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.



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The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED APRIL 25, 2005

 

Prospectus

 

Shares

 

LOGO

 

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC.

 

Common Stock

 


 

Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc. and the selling stockholders are offering              shares and              shares, respectively, of common stock. This is our initial public offering and no public market currently exists for our shares. We will not receive any of the proceeds from shares sold by any selling stockholder. We anticipate that the initial public offering price for our shares will be between $             and $             per share. After the offering, the market price for our shares may be outside this range.

 


 

We will apply to list our common stock on The Nasdaq National Market under the symbol “RUTH.”

 


 

Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. See “ Risk Factors” beginning on page 8 of this prospectus.

 


       Per Share      Total

Offering price

     $                  $            

Discounts and commissions to underwriters

     $                  $            

Offering proceeds to Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc., before expenses

     $                  $            

Offering proceeds to the selling stockholders

     $                  $            

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is accurate or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

Affiliates of Madison Dearborn Partners, LLC have granted the underwriters the right to purchase up to additional shares of common stock to cover any over-allotments. The underwriters can exercise this right at any time within 30 days after the offering. The underwriters expect to deliver the shares of common stock to investors on or about                     , 2005.

Joint Book-Running Managers

 

Banc of America Securities LLC   Wachovia Securities

 


Goldman, Sachs & Co.


 

RBC Capital Markets

 

CIBC World Markets

 

SG Cowen & Co.

 

Piper Jaffray

 


 

The date of this prospectus is                     , 2005


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You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus. We and the selling stockholders have not, and the underwriters have not, authorized anyone to provide you with different information. We and the selling stockholders are not making an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should assume that the information contained in this prospectus is accurate as of the date on the front of this prospectus only. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since that date.

 

“Ruth’s Chris,” “U.S. Prime,” “Home of Serious Steaks” and our “Ruth’s Chris Steak House, U.S. Prime” logo are our primary registered trademarks. This prospectus also contains trademarks of companies other than Ruth’s Chris and use of these marks in this prospectus does not indicate an affiliation with or endorsement by these third parties.

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page

Summary

   1

Risk Factors

   8

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

   16

Market Data and Forecasts

   16

Use of Proceeds

   17

Dividend Policy and Restrictions

   17

Capitalization

   18

Dilution

   20

Selected Financial Data

   21

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

   23

Business

   35

Management

   45

Principal and Selling Stockholders

   55

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

   57

Description of Capital Stock

   58

Shares Eligible for Future Sale

   63

Underwriting

   65

Legal Matters

   70

Experts

   70

Where You Can Find Additional Information

   70

Index to Financial Statements

   F-1

 


 

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SUMMARY

 

This summary highlights information contained elsewhere in this prospectus. This summary does not contain all of the information that you should consider before investing in our common stock. You should read this entire prospectus carefully, including the section entitled “Risk Factors” and the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included elsewhere in this prospectus, before making an investment decision.

 

Our Company

 

We are the largest fine dining restaurant company in the United States, as measured by the number of restaurants. Our menu features a broad selection of high quality USDA Prime grade steaks and other premium offerings served in Ruth’s Chris’ signature fashion—“sizzling” and topped with seasoned butter—complemented by other traditional menu items inspired by our New Orleans heritage. Our restaurants reflect our 40-year commitment to the core values of our founder, Ruth Fertel, of caring for our guests by delivering the highest quality food, beverages and service in a warm and inviting atmosphere. We believe that Ruth’s Chris is currently one of the strongest brands in fine dining.

 

We offer a dining experience that appeals to families and special occasion diners, in addition to the business clientele traditionally served by fine dining steakhouses. We believe this broad appeal distinguishes us from many of our competitors and provides us with opportunities to expand into a wider range of markets, including many markets not traditionally served by fine dining steakhouses that cater primarily to business clientele. As of December 26, 2004, there were 86 Ruth’s Chris restaurants, of which 39 were company-owned and 47 were franchisee-owned, including ten international franchisee-owned restaurants in Mexico, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Canada. In fiscal 2004, we had total revenues of $192.2 million and operating income of $23.3 million, representing increases from fiscal 2003 of 14.6% and 50.6%, respectively.

 

Our Strengths

 

We believe that the key strengths of our business model are the following:

 

Premier Fine Dining Steakhouse Brand. We believe that Ruth’s Chris is currently one of the strongest brands in fine dining. We attribute much of the strength of our brand to our food, particularly our signature “sizzling” USDA Prime grade steaks, and our guest-focused culture inspired by the legacy and values of our founder, Ruth Fertel. We and our restaurants have received numerous awards, including being named “America’s Best Steakhouse” in September 2004 by Restaurants & Institutions magazine.

 

Superior Dining Experience. We seek to exceed our guests’ expectations by offering high-quality food with courteous, friendly service in the finest tradition of Southern hospitality. Our entire restaurant staff is dedicated to ensuring that our guests enjoy a superior dining experience. Our team-based approach to table service enhances the frequency of guest contact and speed of service without intruding on the guest experience. We believe our signature presentation—“sizzling” and topped with seasoned butter—appeals to all the senses, generating a feeling of excitement and anticipation among our guests.

 

Broad Appeal. We believe that the combination of our high quality food offerings, friendly and attentive service and warm and inviting atmosphere creates a dining experience that appeals to a wide range of guests, including families, special occasion diners and business clientele. We believe that this broad appeal attracts a greater number of guests to our restaurants and gives us the opportunity to enter into many new markets, including markets not traditionally served by fine dining steakhouses that cater primarily to business clientele. In addition, we believe that the diversity of our customer base reduces our exposure to fluctuations in the spending habits of any particular group of guests.

 

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Attractive Unit Economics. We believe that we have successfully operated restaurants in a wide range of markets and achieved attractive rates of return on our invested capital. Our average net investment for the four company-owned restaurants opened since the beginning of fiscal 2002, excluding discontinued operations, which includes the cost of leasehold improvements, furniture, fixtures, equipment and pre-opening costs, net of tenant allowances and capitalized interest, was approximately $2.1 million. These four restaurants generated average unit volumes in excess of $5.0 million in fiscal 2004, higher than the average unit volumes of $4.7 million in fiscal 2004 for our entire existing company-owned restaurant base. In addition, each of our existing company-owned restaurants generated positive cash flow in fiscal 2004.

 

Experienced, Committed Management Team. The members of our senior management team average nearly 20 years of restaurant industry experience. Our management team has a meaningful equity ownership stake in our company and is committed to growing our business by building on the core strengths of our business model. Following this offering, our management team will collectively own, through restricted stock and options subject to vesting, approximately         % of our common stock on a fully diluted basis.

 

Our Strategy

 

We believe there are significant opportunities to grow our business, strengthen our competitive position and enhance our brand through the continued implementation of the following strategies:

 

Improve Profitability. We intend to improve profitability by continuing to implement key operating initiatives. These initiatives have enabled us to increase our comparable restaurant sales in each of the last eight quarters, including increases of between 10% and 13% in each fiscal quarter since the beginning of fiscal 2004, and expand our operating margins from 9.2% in fiscal 2003 to 12.1% in fiscal 2004.

 

Expand Restaurant Base. We believe that the 50 most populous markets in the United States could support an additional 75 to 100 company-owned and franchisee-owned Ruth’s Chris restaurants and that there is potential for an additional 25 to 50 Ruth’s Chris restaurants in smaller markets in the United States. We currently expect to open five to six company-owned restaurants in each of the next several years. In addition, we expect new and existing franchisees to open three to four Ruth’s Chris restaurants in 2005 and approximately six Ruth’s Chris restaurants in each of the next several years.

 

Expand Relationships with New and Existing Franchisees. We intend to grow our franchising business by developing relationships with a limited number of new franchisees and by expanding the rights of existing franchisees to open new restaurants. We also intend to continue to focus on providing operational guidance to our franchisees, including the sharing of “best practices” from our company-owned restaurants.

 

Recent Developments

 

Recent Operating Results. For the first quarter of fiscal 2005, our total revenues were $56.6 million, representing a 13.4% increase over our total revenues for the first quarter of fiscal 2004, and our comparable restaurant sales increased approximately 11.9% in the first quarter of fiscal 2005 over the first quarter of fiscal 2004.

 

New Senior Credit Facilities. On March 11, 2005, we entered into new senior credit facilities with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, and a syndicate of banks and other institutional lenders. Our new senior credit facilities provide for aggregate borrowings of up to $120.0 million, consisting of a five-year $15.0

 

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million revolving credit facility and a six-year $105.0 million term loan facility. We used amounts borrowed under the term loan to prepay and retire borrowings under our previous credit facility, to redeem our 13% senior subordinated notes due 2006, to repurchase and pay accumulated dividends on shares of our mandatorily redeemable Series A senior cumulative preferred stock (“Senior Preferred Stock”) in an aggregate amount of approximately $30.0 million and to pay related fees and expenses.

 

Equity Sponsor

 

Madison Dearborn Partners, LLC is a leading private equity investment firm based in Chicago, Illinois. Madison Dearborn has approximately $8 billion of capital under management through limited partnerships of which it is the general partner and affiliated limited partnerships. Madison Dearborn focuses on investments in several industry sectors, including consumer, basic industries, communications, healthcare and financial services. Madison Dearborn has significant experience as an investor in the restaurant sector. In addition to its investment in us, Madison Dearborn has investments in Carrols Corporation, the largest Burger King franchisee in the world and the parent company of Pollo Tropical and Taco Cabana, and Peter Piper, a leading regional chain of pizza restaurants.

 

The Recapitalization

 

Our authorized capital stock currently consists of 1,000,000 shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 50,000 shares of nonvoting Class B common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 58,000 shares of mandatorily redeemable Series A senior cumulative preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, and 92,000 shares of Series B junior cumulative preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share. As of March 27, 2005, there were 556,257 shares of Class A common stock, no shares of Class B common stock, 11,093 shares of Series A senior cumulative preferred stock and 74,123 shares of Series B junior cumulative preferred stock outstanding. In addition, as of March 27, 2005, there were warrants to purchase 30,850 shares of our Class A common stock and 41,133 shares of our Class B common stock outstanding.

 

Prior to the completion of this offering, we will amend and restate our certificate of incorporation to (1) reclassify our Class A common stock as common stock, (2) increase the authorized shares of common stock to                      and (3) authorize shares of a new class of undesignated preferred stock . We currently expect that, following the reclassification of our Class A common stock but prior to the completion of this offering, all outstanding warrants will be exercised and all shares of Class B common stock received upon exercise will be converted into our common stock. We refer to these events collectively as the “Recapitalization.” We expect that the shares of common stock received by the holders of warrants in the Recapitalization will be offered and sold in this offering. We will also use a portion of the net proceeds from this offering to redeem our outstanding Series A senior cumulative preferred stock and Series B junior cumulative preferred stock.

 

After the Recapitalization, our authorized capital stock will consist of                  shares of common stock, 50,000 shares of Class B common stock and          shares of preferred stock. After giving effect to the Recapitalization and this offering and the application of the net proceeds therefrom, there will be          shares of common stock, no shares of Class B common stock and no shares of preferred stock outstanding. We do not expect to issue any shares of Class B common stock following this offering. See “Description of Capital Stock.”

 

Risk Factors

 

You should carefully consider the information under the heading “Risk Factors” and all other information in this prospectus before investing in our common stock.

 

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Our Fiscal Year and Other Information

 

We operate on a 52- or 53-week year ending on the last Sunday of each calendar year. Our 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 and 2004 fiscal years ended on December 31, 2000, December 30, 2001, December 29, 2002, December 28, 2003 and December 26, 2004, respectively. Fiscal years are identified in this prospectus according to the calendar year that they most accurately represent. For example, the fiscal year ended December 26, 2004 is referred to in this prospectus as “fiscal 2004” or “fiscal year 2004.”

 

Unless otherwise noted, all information in this prospectus:

 

    gives effect to our conversion from a Louisiana corporation to a Delaware corporation;

 

    gives effect to the Recapitalization;

 

    gives effect to a   -for-1 stock split that we intend to effect prior to the completion of this offering;

 

    assumes an initial public offering price of $              per share, the midpoint of the range set forth on the cover of this prospectus; and

 

    assumes no exercise of the underwriters’ over-allotment option.

 

Our principal executive offices are located at 3321 Hessmer Avenue, Metairie, Louisiana 70002. The telephone number for our principal executive offices is (504) 454-6560. Our internet address is www.ruthschris.com. This internet address is provided for informational purposes only. The information contained in, or that can be accessed through, this internet address is not a part of this prospectus.

 

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The Offering

 

Common stock offered by us

             shares

 

Common stock offered by the selling stockholders

             shares

 

Common stock outstanding after this offering

             shares

 

Common stock subject to the over-allotment option granted to the underwriters by affiliates of Madison Dearborn

             shares

 

Use of Proceeds

We estimate that we will receive net proceeds of approximately $             from our sale of shares of common stock in this offering, based upon an assumed initial public offering price of $             per share (the midpoint of the price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus) and after deducting estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us. We intend to use the net proceeds of this offering (1) to redeem all of our outstanding Senior Preferred Stock, all of which is held by Wachovia Investors, Inc., an affiliate of Wachovia Capital Markets, LLC, (2) to redeem all of our outstanding Series B Junior Cumulative Preferred Stock (“Junior Preferred Stock”), approximately 88.2% of which is held by affiliates of Madison Dearborn and (3) to the extent of any remaining proceeds, to repay a portion of the outstanding indebtedness under our new senior credit facilities. See “Use of Proceeds” and “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions.”

 

 

We will not receive any of the proceeds from the selling stockholders’ sale of              shares of common stock in this offering, nor will we receive any proceeds from affiliates of Madison Dearborn pursuant to the option granted to the underwriters by affiliates of Madison Dearborn to purchase from them up to              shares of common stock to cover over-allotments, if any.

 

Proposed NASDAQ Symbol

“RUTH”

 

The number of shares of our common stock to be outstanding immediately after this offering excludes:

 

    60,241 shares of our common stock issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options at a weighted average exercise price of $10.00 per share; and

 

                 shares of our common stock reserved for future issuance under our stock option and equity incentive plans.

 

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Summary Historical Financial and Operating Data

 

The summary historical income statement data for the fiscal years ended December 29, 2002, December 28, 2003 and December 26, 2004 and the historical balance sheet data as of December 26, 2004 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus. The summary as adjusted balance sheet data as of December 26, 2004 gives effect to this offering and the application of the proceeds therefrom as described in “Use of Proceeds.” The following data should be read in conjunction with “Selected Financial Data,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes included elsewhere in this prospectus.

     Fiscal Year

 
           2002      

          2003      

          2004      

 
     ($ in thousands, except per share data)  

Income Statement Data:

                        

Total revenues

   $ 153,583     $ 167,780     $ 192,197  

Depreciation and amortization

     6,033       6,782       6,469  

Other costs and expenses

     132,376       145,508       162,400  
    


 


 


Operating income

     15,174       15,490       23,328  

Interest expense, net

     9,568       9,519       10,320  

Accrued dividends and accretion on mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock

           2,243       5,071  

Other income (expense)

     1,044       512       (841 )(1)

Income tax expense

     428       1,344       735  
    


 


 


Income from continuing operations

     6,222       2,896       6,361  

Discontinued operations, net of income tax benefit

     538       1,648       3,919  
    


 


 


Net income

   $ 5,684     $ 1,248     $ 2,442  
    


 


 


Net income per common share:

                        

Basic

                        

Diluted

                        

Shares used in computing net income per common share:

                        

Basic

                        

Diluted

                        
           As of December 26, 2004

 
           Actual

    As
Adjusted


 
           (dollars in thousands)  

Balance Sheet Data:

 

               

Cash and cash equivalents

 

  $ 3,906     $    

Total assets

 

    113,482          

Long-term debt

 

    80,931          

Mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock

 

    39,857          

Total shareholders’ deficit

 

    (51,513 )        
     Fiscal Year

 
           2002      

          2003      

          2004      

 
Other Data:    (dollars in thousands)  

Average unit volumes:(2)

                        

Company-owned

   $ 4,257     $ 4,236     $ 4,710  

Franchisee-owned

     3,670       3,622       4,065  

Comparable restaurant sales growth:(3)

                        

Company-owned

     (3.5 )%     1.4 %     11.6 %

Franchisee-owned

     (4.4 )%     2.4 %     9.3 %

 

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(1)   Other income (expense) in fiscal 2004 includes a $1.3 million charge related to the settlement of a labor dispute in California.
(2)   Average unit volumes represents average restaurant sales for restaurants in operation for not less than the twelve months prior to the beginning of the fiscal year being measured.
(3)   Comparable restaurant sales growth represents the change in year-over-year sales for the comparable restaurant base. We define the comparable restaurant base to be those restaurants in operation for not less than the twelve months prior to the beginning of the fiscal year being measured.

 

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RISK FACTORS

 

Before you invest in our common stock you should carefully consider the various risks of the investment, including those described below, together with all of the other information included in this prospectus. If any of these risks actually occur, our business, financial condition or operating results could be adversely affected. In that case, the trading price of our common stock could decline and you could lose all or part of your investment.

 

Risks Related to Our Business

 

The restaurant industry in general and the fine dining segment in particular are vulnerable to fluctuations in economic conditions, including volatility in levels of consumer discretionary spending.

 

A significant deterioration in economic conditions in any of our markets would reduce guest traffic or require us to lower our prices, either of which would reduce our total revenues and operating income. For example, our total revenues fell 4.9% and 0.1% in fiscal 2001 and fiscal 2002, respectively, which were years of declining discretionary consumer spending in the United States due in part to the September 11, 2001 attacks. Any similar changes in economic conditions would affect our ability to attract guests or price our menu items at favorable levels, which would result in significant reductions in revenue and/or operating income.

 

Competitive conditions, consumer tastes and unexpected operating expenses could adversely affect the profitability of restaurants that we open in new markets.

 

Our growth strategy includes opening restaurants in markets where we have little or no meaningful operating experience and in which our brand may not be well-known. Competitive conditions, consumer tastes and discretionary spending patterns in these new markets may differ from those in our existing markets. We may be unable to generate similar acceptance of the Ruth’s Chris Steak House brand due to these factors, which may require us to incur significant additional promotion costs in order to increase restaurant sales at these locations. Our ability to operate new restaurants profitably will depend on numerous factors, some of which are beyond our control, including, but not limited to, the following:

 

    locating and securing suitable new restaurant sites on acceptable lease terms;

 

    construction and development costs;

 

    obtaining adequate construction financing;

 

    securing governmental approvals and permits, including liquor licenses;

 

    hiring, training and retaining skilled management, chefs and other personnel;

 

    successfully promoting our new restaurants and competing in the markets in which our new restaurants are located; and

 

    general economic conditions and conditions specific to the restaurant industry.

 

Any one of these factors could preclude us from operating our new restaurants successfully, which could adversely affect our growth and profitability.

 

Our growth may strain our infrastructure and resources, which could delay the opening of new restaurants and adversely affect our ability to manage our existing restaurants.

 

Following this offering, we plan to accelerate the pace of new restaurant growth. This growth will place increased demands on management resources as well as our human resources, purchasing and site management teams. Our planned growth in franchisee-owned restaurants will also require additional infrastructure for the development and maintenance of franchise relationships, as well as for the monitoring of those restaurants. In addition, if our current restaurant management systems, financial and management controls and information

 

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systems are insufficient to support this expansion, our ability to open new restaurants and to manage our existing restaurants would be adversely affected. If we fail to continue to improve our infrastructure, we may be unable to implement our growth strategy and/or maintain current levels of operating performance in our existing restaurants.

 

Negative publicity surrounding our restaurants or the consumption of beef generally, or shifts in consumer tastes, could reduce sales in one or more of our restaurants and make our brand less valuable.

 

Our success depends, in large part, upon the popularity of our menu offerings. Negative publicity resulting from poor food quality, illness, injury or other health concerns, whether related to one of our restaurants or to the beef industry in general (including e-coli, Hepatitis A, outbreaks of “mad cow” or “foot-and-mouth” disease), or operating problems related to one or more restaurants, could make our menu offerings less appealing to consumers. In addition, any other shifts in consumer preferences away from the kinds of food we offer, particularly beef, whether because of dietary or other health concerns or otherwise, would make our restaurants less appealing and adversely affect our revenues.

 

We may not be able to compete successfully with other restaurants, which could reduce our revenues.

 

The restaurant industry is intensely competitive with respect to price, service, location, food quality, atmosphere and overall dining experience. Our competitors include a large and diverse group of well-recognized fine dining and upscale casual restaurant chains, including fine dining steakhouse chains as well as restaurants owned by independent local operators. Some of our competitors may have substantially greater financial, marketing and other resources than we do, and may be better established in the markets where our restaurants are or may be located. If we cannot compete effectively in one or more of our markets, we may be unable to maintain recent levels of comparable restaurant sales growth and/or may be required to close existing restaurants.

 

If our vendors or distributors do not deliver food and beverages to us in a timely fashion we may experience short-term supply shortages and/or increased food and beverage costs.

 

Our ability to maintain consistent quality throughout our company-owned restaurants depends in part upon our ability to purchase USDA Prime grade beef and other food products in accordance with our rigid specifications. During 2004, more than 85% of the beef we used in our company-owned restaurants was supplied by one vendor, with whom we have no long-term contractual arrangement. In addition, we currently have a long-term arrangement with a distributor under which 31 of our company-owned restaurants receive a significant portion of their food supplies. If these or other vendors or distributors cease doing business with us, we could experience short-term supply shortages in certain of our company-owned restaurants and could be required to purchase supplies at higher prices until we are able to secure an alternative supply source. Any delay we may experience in replacing vendors or distributors on acceptable terms could increase our food costs or, in extreme cases, require us to temporarily remove items from the menu of one or more of our restaurants.

 

Increases in the prices of, or reductions in the availability of, USDA Prime grade beef could reduce our operating margins and our revenues.

 

We purchase large quantities of beef, particularly USDA Prime grade beef, which is subject to extreme price fluctuations due to seasonal shifts, climate conditions, industry demand and other factors. Our beef costs represented approximately 51% of our food and beverage costs during fiscal 2004, and we currently do not purchase beef pursuant to any long-term contractual arrangements or use futures contracts or other financial risk management strategies to reduce our exposure to potential price fluctuations. The market for USDA Prime grade beef is particularly volatile. For example, in late 2003, increased demand, together with the impact of supply rationalization during late 2001 and 2002, resulted in shortages of USDA Prime grade beef, requiring us to pay significantly higher prices for the USDA Prime grade beef we purchased. If prices for the types of beef we use in our restaurants increase in the future and we choose not to pass, or cannot pass, these increases on to our guests, our operating margins would decrease. If certain kinds of beef become unavailable for us to purchase, our revenues would decrease as well.

 

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Labor shortages or increases in labor costs could slow our growth or harm our business.

 

Our success depends in part upon our ability to continue to attract, motivate and retain employees with the qualifications to succeed in our industry and the motivation to apply our core service philosophy, including regional operational managers, restaurant general managers and chefs. If we are unable to continue to recruit and retain sufficiently qualified individuals, our business and our growth could be adversely affected. Competition for these employees could require us to pay higher wages which could result in higher labor costs. In addition, we have a substantial number of hourly employees who are paid wage rates at or based on the federal minimum wage and who rely on tips as a large portion of their income. Increases in the minimum wage or decreases in allowable tip credits would increase our labor costs. We may be unable to increase our prices in order to pass these increased labor costs on to our guests, in which case our margins would be negatively affected.

 

Regulations affecting the operation of our restaurants could increase our operating costs and restrict our growth.

 

Each of our restaurants must obtain licenses from regulatory authorities allowing it to sell liquor, beer and wine, and each restaurant must obtain a food service license from local health authorities. Each restaurant’s liquor license must be renewed annually and may be revoked at any time for cause, including violation by us or our employees of any laws and regulations relating to the minimum drinking age, advertising, wholesale purchasing and inventory control. In certain states, including states where we have a large number of restaurants or where we plan to open restaurants in the near term, the number of liquor licenses available is limited and licenses are traded at market prices. If we are unable to maintain our existing licenses, or if we choose to open a restaurant in those states, the cost of a new license could be significant. Obtaining and maintaining licenses is an important component of each of our restaurant’s operations, and the failure to obtain or maintain food and liquor licenses and other required licenses, permits and approvals would materially adversely impact our existing restaurants or our growth strategy.

 

We are also subject to a variety of federal and state labor laws, such as minimum wage and overtime pay requirements, unemployment tax rates, workers’ compensation rates and citizenship requirements. Government-mandated increases in minimum wages, overtime pay, paid leaves of absence and mandated health benefits, or increased tax reporting and tax payment requirements for employees who receive gratuities, or a reduction in the number of states that allow tips to be credited toward minimum wage requirements could increase our labor costs and reduce our operating margins. In addition, the Federal Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in public accommodations and employment. Although our restaurants are designed to be accessible to the disabled, we could be required to make modifications to our restaurants to provide service to, or make reasonable accommodations for, disabled persons.

 

Our strategy to open additional company-owned and franchisee-owned restaurants subjects us to extensive government regulation, compliance with which might increase our investment costs and restrict our growth.

 

We are subject to the rules and regulations of the Federal Trade Commission, or FTC, and various state laws regulating the offer and sale of franchises. The FTC requires that we furnish to prospective franchisees a franchise offering circular containing prescribed information and can restrict our ability to sell franchises. A number of states also regulate the sale of franchises and require the obtaining of a permit and/or registration of the franchise offering circular with state authorities and the delivery of the franchise offering circular to prospective franchisees. Our noncompliance with those laws could result in governmental enforcement actions seeking a civil or criminal penalty, rescission of a franchise, and loss of our ability to offer and sell franchises in a state, or a private lawsuit seeking rescission, damages and legal fees, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Our development and construction of additional restaurants must comply with applicable zoning, land use and environmental regulations. More stringent and varied requirements of local government bodies with respect

 

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to zoning, land use and environmental factors could delay construction of new restaurants and add to their cost in the future which could adversely affect our future operating results. In addition, difficulties or failure in obtaining the required licenses and approvals could delay, or result in our decision to cancel, the opening of new restaurants.

 

Our franchisees could take actions that harm our reputation and reduce our royalty revenues.

 

We do not exercise control over the day-to-day operations of our franchisee-owned restaurants. While we attempt to ensure that franchisee-owned restaurants maintain the same high operating standards that we demand of our company-owned restaurants, one or more of these restaurants may fail to maintain these standards. Any operational shortcomings of our franchisee-owned restaurants are likely to be attributed to our system-wide operations and could adversely affect our reputation and damage our brand as well as have a direct negative impact on the royalty income we receive from those restaurants.

 

You should not rely on past increases in our average unit volumes or our comparable restaurant sales as an indication of future operating results, because they may fluctuate significantly.

 

A number of factors historically have affected, and are likely to continue to affect, our average unit volumes and/or comparable restaurant sales, including, among other factors:

 

    our ability to execute our business strategy effectively;

 

    initial sales performance by new restaurants;

 

    levels of competition in one or more of our markets;

 

    consumer trends impacting levels of beef consumption; and

 

    general economic conditions.

 

Our average unit volumes and comparable restaurant sales may not increase at rates achieved over recent periods. Changes in our average unit volumes and comparable restaurant sales could cause the price of our common stock to fluctuate substantially.

 

Our failure to enforce our trademarks or other proprietary rights could adversely affect our competitive position or the value of the Ruth’s Chris brand.

 

We own certain common law trademark rights and a number of federal and international trademark and service mark registrations, most importantly the Ruth’s Chris Steak House name and logo, and proprietary rights relating to certain of our menu offerings. We believe that our trademarks and other proprietary rights are important to our success and our competitive position. Protective actions we take with respect to these rights may fail to prevent unauthorized usage or imitation by others, which could harm our reputation, brand or competitive position and, if we commence litigation to enforce our rights, cause us to incur significant legal expenses.

 

Contracts with certain of our franchisees limit our ability to grow the Ruth’s Chris brand in attractive markets.

 

We have granted exclusive development rights for some of the United States’ largest markets, including Chicago, Atlanta, Philadelphia and Detroit, to franchisees. The terms of our agreements with these franchisees prevent us from opening company-owned restaurants in these markets. While we are currently working with these franchisees in order to create additional opportunities for growth, we may be unable to open additional company-owned or franchisee-owned restaurants in these markets. Our failure to grow within these large markets could harm our long-term competitive position in these markets and/or prevent us from sustaining our

 

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growth. In addition, our failure to grow the Ruth’s Chris brand in these markets by opening additional restaurants could limit the visibility of our brand in these large markets, resulting in lower guest traffic in existing restaurants in these markets.

 

Litigation concerning food quality, health and other issues could require us to incur additional liabilities and/or cause guests to avoid our restaurants.

 

Occasionally, our guests file complaints or lawsuits against us alleging that we are responsible for some illness or injury they suffered at or after a visit to our restaurants. We are also subject to a variety of other claims arising in the ordinary course of our business, including personal injury claims, contract claims, claims from franchisees and claims alleging violations of federal and state law regarding workplace and employment matters, discrimination and similar matters. In addition, we could become subject to class action lawsuits related to these matters in the future. For example, we recently settled a class-action claim based on violation of wage and hour laws in California. The restaurant industry has also been subject to a growing number of claims that the menus and actions of restaurant chains have led to the obesity of certain of their guests. In addition, we are subject to “dram shop” statutes. These statutes generally allow a person injured by an intoxicated person to recover damages from an establishment that wrongfully served alcoholic beverages to the intoxicated person. Recent litigation against restaurant chains has resulted in significant judgments, including punitive damages, under dram shop statutes. Regardless of whether any claims against us are valid or whether we are liable, claims may be expensive to defend and may divert time and money away from our operations and hurt our performance. A judgment significantly in excess of our insurance coverage for any claims would materially adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. Adverse publicity resulting from these claims may negatively impact revenues at one or more of our restaurants.

 

The terms of our new senior credit agreement may restrict our ability to operate our business and to pursue our business strategies.

 

Our new senior credit agreement contains, and any agreements governing future indebtedness of ours would likely contain, a number of restrictive covenants that impose significant operating and financial restrictions on us. Our new senior credit agreement limits our ability, among other things, to:

 

    pay dividends or purchase stock and other restricted payments to shareholders;

 

    borrow money or issue guarantees;

 

    make investments;

 

    use assets as security in other transactions;

 

    sell assets or merge with or into other companies;

 

    enter into transactions with affiliates;

 

    sell stock in our subsidiaries; and

 

    create or permit restrictions on our subsidiaries’ ability to make payments to us.

 

Our ability to engage in these types of transactions is limited even if we believe that a specific transaction would contribute to our future growth or improve our operating results. Our new senior credit agreement also requires us to achieve specified financial and operating results and maintain compliance with certain financial ratios. Our ability to comply with these ratios may be affected by events outside of our control. Any non-compliance would result in a default under our senior credit agreement and could result in our lenders declaring our senior debt immediately due and payable, which would have a material adverse effect on our ability to operate as a going concern.

 

 

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Our senior management team has a limited history of working together and its failure to successfully manage our growing operations may reduce our net income.

 

Our future success depends on the ability of our senior management team, many of whom have been with Ruth’s Chris for less than 18 months, to work together and successfully implement our growth strategy while maintaining the strength of our brand. If our senior management team fails to work together successfully, or if one or more of our senior managers is unable to effectively implement our business strategy, we may be unable to grow our business at the speed or in the manner in which we expect.

 

Risks Relating to this Offering

 

The price of our common stock may be volatile and you may not be able to sell your shares at or above the initial public offering price.

 

Prior to this offering, there has been no public market for our common stock. An active and liquid trading market for our common stock may not develop or be sustained following this offering. We will establish the initial public offering price through negotiations with the representatives of the underwriters. You should not view the initial public offering price as any indication of the price that will prevail in the trading market. In addition, there has been significant volatility in the market price and trading volume of securities of companies operating in the restaurant industry, which has often been unrelated to operating performance of particular companies. As a result, you may not be able to resell your shares at or above the initial public offering price.

 

The market price of our common stock may be influenced by many factors, some of which are beyond our control, including those described above under “Risks Related to Our Business,” and the following:

 

    actual or anticipated fluctuations in our or our competitors’ operating results;

 

    seasonal fluctuations in operating results;

 

    announcements by us or our competitors of new locations or menu items, capacity changes, significant contracts, acquisitions or strategic investments;

 

    our and our competitors’ growth rates;

 

    the financial market and general economic conditions;

 

    changes in stock market analyst recommendations regarding us, our competitors or the restaurant industry generally, or lack of analyst coverage of our common stock;

 

    sales of our common stock by our executive officers, directors and significant stockholders or sales of substantial amounts of common stock; and

 

    changes in accounting principles.

 

In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a particular company’s securities, litigation has often been brought against that company. If litigation of this type is brought against us, it could be extremely expensive and would divert management’s attention and the company’s resources.

 

If you purchase our common stock in this offering, you will incur immediate and substantial dilution in the book value of your shares.

 

If you purchase shares in this offering, the value of your shares based on our actual book value will immediately be less than the price you paid. This reduction in the value of your equity is known as dilution. This dilution occurs in large part because our earlier investors paid substantially less than the initial public offering price when they purchased their shares of our common stock. Based upon the issuance and sale of             million shares of our common stock by us and the selling stockholders at an assumed initial public offering price of

 

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$             per share, the midpoint of the price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus if you purchase shares in this offering, you will incur immediate dilution of $             in the net tangible book value per share. Investors will incur additional dilution upon the exercise of outstanding stock options and outstanding warrants. In addition, if we raise funds by issuing additional securities, the newly issued shares will further dilute your percentage ownership of our company.

 

Approximately         % of our voting power will be controlled by one principal stockholder whose interests may conflict with those of our other stockholders.

 

Upon completion of this offering, affiliates of Madison Dearborn will hold approximately         % of our voting power, or         % of our voting power if the underwriters’ over-allotment option is exercised in full. As a result of this ownership, Madison Dearborn will have significant influence in the consideration of all matters requiring the approval of our stockholders. These matters include the election of directors, the adoption of amendments to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and by-laws and approval of mergers or sales of substantially all our assets. This concentration of ownership may also have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control of our company or discouraging others from making tender offers for our shares, which could prevent stockholders from receiving a premium for their shares. So long as affiliates of Madison Dearborn continue to own a significant amount of the outstanding shares of our common stock, they will continue to be able to influence our decisions and may pursue corporate actions that conflict with the interests of our other stockholders. Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation will also provide that affiliates of Madison Dearborn and their representatives will not be required to offer any corporate opportunity of which they become aware to us and therefore they could take any such opportunity for themselves or offer it to other companies in which they have an investment.

 

We do not currently intend to pay dividends on our common stock, and as a result, your only opportunity to achieve a return on your investment is if the price of our common stock appreciates.

 

Since our acquisition by affiliates of Madison Dearborn in 1999, we have not declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock and we do not expect to declare or pay any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. In addition, our new senior credit facilities limits our ability to declare and pay cash dividends on our common stock. For more information, see “Dividend Policy and Restrictions.” As a result, your only opportunity to achieve a return on your investment in us will be if the market price of our common stock appreciates and you sell your shares at a profit. The market price for our common stock after this offering may never exceed the price that you pay for our common stock in this offering.

 

Shares eligible for future sale may cause the market price of our common stock to decline, even if our business is doing well.

 

Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market after this offering, or the perception that these sales may occur, could adversely affect the price of our common stock and could impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity securities. Upon completion of this offering, we will have      million shares of common stock outstanding, whether or not the underwriters exercise their over-allotment option. Of these shares, the      million shares of common stock sold in this offering will be freely tradable, without restriction, in the public market. The remaining                  shares of common stock will be “restricted securities,” as that term is defined in Rule 144 under the Securities Act, which will be freely tradeable subject to applicable holding period, volume and other limitations under Rule 144. We expect that at the time of the closing of this offering,         % of these restricted securities will be subject to lock-up agreements with the underwriters, restricting the sale of such shares for 180 days after the date of this prospectus. These lock-up agreements are subject to a number of exceptions and holders may be released from these agreements without prior notice at the discretion of Banc of America Securities LLC. See “Shares Eligible for Future Sale.” Some of our stockholders are entitled, subject to limited exceptions, to demand registration rights with respect to the registration of shares under the Securities Act. By exercising their registration rights, and selling a large number of shares, these

 

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holders could cause the price of our common stock to decline. An estimated          million shares of common stock will be entitled to registration rights upon completion of this offering.

 

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation, our by-laws and Delaware law contain provisions that could discourage another company from acquiring us and may prevent attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management.

 

Provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”), our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our by-laws may discourage, delay or prevent a merger or acquisition that stockholders may consider favorable, including transactions in which you might otherwise receive a premium for your shares. In addition, these provisions may frustrate or prevent any attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management by making it more difficult for stockholders to replace or remove our board of directors. Such provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and by-laws include:

 

    limitations on the ability of stockholders to amend our charter documents, including stockholder supermajority voting requirements;

 

    the inability of stockholders to act by written consent or to call special meetings after such time as the existing stockholders own less than a majority of our common stock;

 

    advance notice requirements for nominations for election to the board of directors and for stockholder proposals; and

 

    the authority of our board of directors to issue, without stockholder approval, up to              shares of preferred stock with such terms as the board of directors may determine and to issue additional shares of our common stock.

 

We will also be afforded the protections of Section 203 of the DGCL, which will prevent us from engaging in a business combination with a person who acquires at least 15% of our common stock for a period of three years from the date such person acquired such common stock, unless board or stockholder approval is obtained. See “Description of Capital Stock.”

 

Requirements associated with being a public company will increase our costs significantly, as well as divert significant company resources and management attention.

 

Prior to this offering, we have not been subject to the reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the other rules and regulations of the SEC or any securities exchange relating to public companies. We are working with our legal, independent accounting and financial advisors to identify those areas in which changes should be made to our financial and management control systems to manage our growth and our obligations as a public company. These areas include corporate governance, corporate control, internal audit, disclosure controls and procedures and financial reporting and accounting systems. We have made, and will continue to make, changes in these and other areas. However, the expenses that will be required in order to adequately prepare for being a public company could be material. Compliance with the various reporting and other requirements applicable to public companies will also require considerable time and attention of management. We cannot predict or estimate the amount of the additional costs we may incur, the timing of such costs or the degree of impact that our management’s attention to these matters will have on our business. In addition, the changes we make may not be sufficient to allow us to satisfy our obligations as a public company on a timely basis.

 

In addition, being a public company could make it more difficult or more costly for us to obtain certain types of insurance, including directors’ and officers’ liability insurance, and we may be forced to accept reduced policy limits and coverage or incur substantially higher costs to obtain the same or similar coverage. The impact of these events could also make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on our board of directors, our board committees or as executive officers.

 

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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This prospectus may contain “forward-looking statements” that reflect, when made, our expectations or beliefs concerning future events that involve risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical facts included in this prospectus, including, without limitation, some of the statements under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Business,” are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements may contain the words “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “estimate,” “project,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” or other similar words and phrases. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, we can give no assurance that such expectations will prove to have been correct. Forward-looking statements and our plans and expectations are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated, and our business in general is subject to risks that could affect the value of our securities, including the factors discussed under “Risk Factors.” These factors include, among other things, the following:

 

    economic conditions and trends generally;

 

    changes in consumer preferences or discretionary spending;

 

    the effect of competition in the restaurant industry;

 

    our ability to achieve market acceptance, particularly in new markets;

 

    our ability to achieve and manage our planned expansion;

 

    our ability to execute our business strategy effectively;

 

    health concerns about beef or other food products;

 

    reductions in the availability of, or increases in the cost of, USDA Prime grade beef and other food items;

 

    labor shortages or increases in labor costs;

 

    the impact of federal, state or local government regulations relating to our employees, the sale or preparation of food, the sale of alcoholic beverages and the opening of new restaurants;

 

    harmful actions taken by our franchisees;

 

    our ability to protect our name and logo and other proprietary information;

 

    the impact of adverse weather conditions;

 

    the impact of litigation; and

 

    the loss of key management personnel.

 

The forward-looking statements made in this prospectus are related only to events as of the date on which the statements are made. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, even if new information becomes available in the future.

 

MARKET DATA AND FORECASTS

 

Unless otherwise indicated, information in this prospectus concerning economic conditions and our industry is based on information from independent industry analysts and publications, including the National Restaurant Association, Technomic, Inc. and the Economist Intelligence Unit, as well as management estimates. Management estimates are derived from publicly available information released by third-party sources, as well as data from our internal research, and are based on such data and our knowledge of our industry, which we believe to be reasonable. None of the independent industry publications used in this prospectus was prepared on our or our affiliates’ behalf and none of the sources cited in this prospectus has consented to the inclusion of any data from its reports, nor have we sought their consent.

 

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USE OF PROCEEDS

 

Based upon an assumed initial public offering price of $             per share (the midpoint of the price range set forth on the cover page of this prospectus), we will receive from this offering net proceeds of approximately $             million, after deducting estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us. We will not receive any of the proceeds from the selling stockholders’ sale of              shares of common stock in the offering, nor will we receive any proceeds from the sale of shares by affiliates of Madison Dearborn pursuant to the option they have granted the underwriters to purchase from them up to              shares of common stock to cover over-allotments, if any. We intend to use the net proceeds from this offering as follows:

 

    approximately $         million will be used to redeem our Senior Preferred Stock, all of which is currently held by Wachovia Investors, Inc., an affiliate of Wachovia Capital Markets, LLC, one of the underwriters in this offering;

 

    approximately $         million will be used to redeem our Junior Preferred Stock, approximately 88.2% of which is currently held by affiliates of Madison Dearborn;

 

    all remaining net proceeds will be used to repay a portion of the outstanding indebtedness under our new senior credit facilities.

 

An affiliate of Banc of America Securities LLC, one of the underwriters in this offering, is a lender under our new senior credit facilities and therefore will receive a portion of the proceeds of this offering. We entered into our new senior credit facilities on March 11, 2005, and used the net proceeds of the borrowings thereunder to prepay and retire borrowings under our previous credit facility, to redeem our 13% senior subordinated notes due 2006, to repurchase shares of and pay accrued dividends on the Senior Preferred Stock in an aggregate amount of approximately $30.0 million, and to pay related fees and expenses. As of March 27, 2005, term loan borrowings under our new senior credit facilities bore interest at 6.0% per year. The maturity date of term loan borrowings under our new senior credit facilities is March 11, 2011. As of March 27, 2005, there were no borrowings under our revolving credit facility. Commitments under our revolving credit facility terminate on March 11, 2010.

 

DIVIDEND POLICY AND RESTRICTIONS

 

We currently expect to retain all of our future earnings to finance the growth of our business. Since our acquisition by affiliates of Madison Dearborn in 1999 we have not paid, and we have no current plans to pay in the future, cash dividends to holders of our common stock. The payment of dividends is within the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on our earnings, capital requirements and operating and financial condition, among other factors. In addition, our new senior credit facilities restrict our ability to pay dividends. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Liquidity and Capital Resources.”

 

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CAPITALIZATION

 

The following table sets forth our consolidated cash and cash equivalents and our consolidated capitalization as of December 26, 2004 on an actual basis and on an as adjusted basis to give effect to this offering and the application of net proceeds therefrom, as described in “Use of Proceeds.” You should read this table in conjunction with “Use of Proceeds,” “Selected Financial Data,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included elsewhere in this prospectus. This table gives effect to the completion of the Recapitalization.

 

     As of December 26, 2004

     Actual

    As Adjusted

     (dollars in millions)

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 3.9      
    


   

Long-term debt, including current portion:

            

Old senior credit facilities:

            

Revolving credit facility

   $ 41.0      

Term loan

     20.0      

13% senior subordinated notes due 2006

     20.0      

New senior credit facilities:(1)

          

Revolving credit facility

          

Term loan

          

Mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock

     39.9      

Other long-term debt

          
    


   

Total long-term debt, including current maturities

     120.9      
    


   

Shareholders’ deficit:

            

Junior Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share, 92,000 shares authorized, 72,537 shares issued and outstanding, actual;          shares authorized,          shares issued and outstanding, as adjusted

     72.5      

Common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 1,000,000 shares authorized, 556,257 shares issued and outstanding, actual;          shares authorized,          shares issued and outstanding, as adjusted

     0.0      

Additional paid-in capital

     5.7      

Accumulated deficit

     (129.7 )    
    


   

Total shareholders’ deficit

     (51.5 )    
    


   

Total capitalization

   $ 69.4      
    


   

(1)   Our new senior credit facilities provide for a $105.0 million term loan and a $15.0 million revolving credit facility. As of March 27, 2005, we had letters of credit of $1.3 million outstanding and had $13.7 million of borrowings available under our revolving credit facility.

 

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The number of shares of common stock to be outstanding after this offering is based on             shares outstanding as of December 26, 2004 and excludes the impact of the proposed         -for-1 stock split we intend to effect prior to the completion of this offering. This number also excludes, as of December 26, 2004:

 

    60,241 shares of our common stock issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options at a weighted average exercise price of $10.00 per share; and

 

                 shares of our common stock reserved for future issuance under our stock option and equity incentive plans.

 

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DILUTION

 

Dilution represents the difference between the amount per share paid by investors in this offering and the pro forma net tangible book value per share of our common stock immediately after this offering. Net tangible book value per share as of December 26, 2004 represented the amount of our total tangible assets less the amount of our total liabilities, divided by the number of shares of common stock outstanding at December 26, 2004. Our net tangible book value (deficit) as of December 26, 2004 based on 556,257 shares of our common stock outstanding was $(82.0) million, or $(147.41) per share of common stock.

 

After giving effect to our sale of the              shares of common stock offered in this offering, based upon an assumed initial public offering price of $             per share, the midpoint of the range set forth on the cover of this prospectus, our pro forma net tangible book value as of December 26, 2004 would have been approximately $             million, or $             per share of common stock. This represents an immediate increase in pro forma net tangible book value to our existing stockholders of $             per share and an immediate dilution to new investors in this offering of $             per share. The following table illustrates this per share dilution in pro forma net tangible book value to new investors:

 

Assumed initial public offering price per share

          $             

Net tangible book value (deficit) per share as of December 26, 2004

   $         

Increase in net tangible book value per share attributable to new investors

             
    

      

Pro forma net tangible book value per share after this offering

             
           

Dilution per share to new investors

          $  
           

 

The following table summarizes, as of December 26, 2004 on a pro forma basis, the total number of shares of common stock purchased from us, the aggregate cash consideration paid to us and the average price per share paid by existing stockholders and by new investors purchasing shares of common stock in this offering before deducting estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and our estimated offering expenses. The calculation below is based on an assumed initial offering price of $             per share before deducting estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses payable by us:

 

     Shares Purchased

   Total Consideration

   Average Price
Per Share


     Number

   Percent

   Amount

   Percent

  

Existing stockholders

                %    $              %    $             

New investors

                            
    
  
  

  
      

Total

        100%    $                 100%       
    
  
  

  
      

 

The foregoing discussion and tables do not include:

 

                 shares that may be issued pursuant to the underwriters’ over-allotment option;

 

    60,241 shares of our common stock issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options at a weighted average exercise price of $10.00 per share; and

 

                 shares of our common stock reserved for future issuance under our stock option and equity incentive plans.

 

To the extent that all outstanding options are exercised, your investment will be further diluted by an additional $             per share. In that event, the total number of shares of common stock purchased from us by our existing stockholders would be             , the aggregate cash consideration paid to us by our existing stockholders would be $             and the average price per share paid by existing stockholders would be $             per share. In addition, you will incur additional dilution if we grant more options in the future with exercise prices below the initial public offering price.

 

If the underwriters exercise their over-allotment option in full, our existing stockholders would own approximately         % and our new investors would own approximately         % of the total number of shares of our common stock outstanding after this offering.

 

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SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

The following table sets forth our selected consolidated financial data as of and for the periods indicated. We derived the income statement data for fiscal years 2002, 2003 and 2004 and the balance sheet data as of the last day of fiscal years 2003 and 2004 from our audited financial statements for such periods and dates, which appear elsewhere in this prospectus. We derived the income statement data for fiscal years 2000 and 2001 and the balance sheet data as of the last day of fiscal years 2000, 2001 and 2002 from our audited financial statements for such periods and dates, which do not appear in this prospectus, as adjusted to conform to the presentation of the audited financial statements included in this prospectus. Our financial statements have been audited and reported upon by KPMG LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of the operating results that may be expected in the future. All of the fiscal years set forth in this table consisted of 52 weeks, except for fiscal 2000, which consisted of 53 weeks. The following selected financial data should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto included elsewhere herein.

 

     Fiscal Year

 
     2000

    2001

    2002

    2003

    2004

 
     (dollars in thousands)  

Income Statement Data:

                                        

Revenues:

                                        

Restaurant sales

   $ 152,755     $ 145,190     $ 144,963     $ 158,578     $ 182,280  

Franchise income

     8,870       8,554       8,369       8,829       9,500  

Other operating income

                 251       373       417  
    


 


 


 


 


Total revenues

     161,625       153,744       153,583       167,780       192,197  
    


 


 


 


 


Costs and expenses:

                                        

Food and beverage costs

     52,042       49,187       46,710       55,612       61,412  

Restaurant operating expenses

     64,249       63,894       67,157       74,129       82,956  

Marketing and advertising

     6,307       6,217       6,609       6,478       6,730  

General and administrative

     11,545       11,346       9,847       8,792       10,938  

Depreciation and amortization

     6,667       7,193       6,033       6,782       6,469  

Pre-opening costs

     1,165       914       2,053       497       364  
    


 


 


 


 


Operating income

     19,650       14,993       15,174       15,490       23,328  
    


 


 


 


 


Other income (expense):

                                        

Interest income

     382       338       189       68        

Interest expense

     (13,678 )     (11,591 )     (9,757 )     (9,587 )     (10,320 )

Accrued dividends and accretion on mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock

                       (2,243 )     (5,071 )

Other

     11       498       1,044       512       (841 )
    


 


 


 


 


Income from continuing operations before income tax expense

     6,365       4,238       6,650       4,240       7,096  

Income tax expense

     2,298       1,416       428       1,344       735  
    


 


 


 


 


Income from continuing operations

     4,067       2,822       6,222       2,896       6,361  

Discontinued operations, net of income tax benefit

     502       249       538       1,648       3,919  
    


 


 


 


 


Net income

   $ 3,565     $ 2,573     $ 5,684     $ 1,248     $ 2,442  
    


 


 


 


 


 

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Table of Contents
     Fiscal Year

 
     2000

    2001

    2002

    2003

    2004

 
     ($ in thousands, except per share data)  

Net income per common share:

                                        

Basic

                                        

Diluted

                                        

Shares used in computing net income per common share:

                                        

Basic

                                        

Diluted

                                        

Balance Sheet Data (at end of period):

                                        

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 7,525     $ 3,762     $ 5,520     $ 5,130     $ 3,906  

Total assets

     109,515       106,922       118,029       117,554       113,482  

Total long-term debt including current portion

     112,332       105,434       104,747       97,373       80,931  

Mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock

     21,996       25,312       30,090       34,786       39,857  

Total shareholders’ deficit

     (53,235 )     (53,978 )     (53,071 )     (53,958 )     (51,513 )

 

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Table of Contents

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Overview

 

We are the largest fine dining restaurant company in the United States, as measured by the number of restaurants. Our menu features a broad selection of high-quality USDA Prime grade steaks and other premium offerings served in Ruth’s Chris’ signature fashion—“sizzling” and topped with seasoned butter—complemented by other traditional menu items inspired by our New Orleans heritage. Our restaurants reflect our 40-year commitment to the core values of our founder, Ruth Fertel, of caring for our guests by delivering the highest quality food, beverages and service in a warm and inviting atmosphere. We believe that Ruth’s Chris is currently one of the strongest brands in fine dining.

 

We offer a dining experience that appeals to families and special occasion diners, in addition to the business clientele traditionally served by fine dining steakhouses. We believe this broad appeal distinguishes us from many of our competitors and provides us with opportunities to expand into a wider range of markets, including many markets not traditionally served by fine dining steakhouses that cater primarily to business clientele.

 

We offer USDA Prime grade steaks that are aged and prepared to exacting company standards and cooked in 1800-degree broilers. We also offer veal, lamb, poultry and seafood dishes, and a broad selection of appetizers, including New Orleans-style barbequed shrimp, mushrooms stuffed with crabmeat, shrimp remoulade, Louisiana seafood gumbo, onion soup au gratin and six to eight salad variations. We complement our distinctive food offerings with an award-winning wine list, typically featuring bottles priced at between $28.00 to $700.00 and many selections offered by the glass.

 

As of December 26, 2004, there were 86 Ruth’s Chris restaurants, of which 39 were company-owned and 47 were franchisee-owned, including ten international franchisee-owned restaurants in Mexico, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Canada. In fiscal 2004, we had total revenues of $192.2 million and operating income of $23.3 million, representing increases from fiscal 2003 of 14.6% and 50.6%, respectively.

 

Positioned for Growth

 

In recent years, we slowed our development of new restaurants and focused our efforts on ensuring that we were adhering to our core culture as inspired by Ruth Fertel. We have improved financial performance through a variety of operating initiatives and we believe we are now well positioned to open new restaurants. We intend to open five to six company-owned restaurants and three to six franchisee-owned restaurants in each of the next several years.

 

Key Financial Terms and Metrics

 

We evaluate our business using a variety of key financial measures:

 

Restaurant Sales. Restaurant sales consist of food and beverage sales by company-owned restaurants. Restaurant sales are primarily influenced by total operating weeks in the relevant period and comparable restaurant sales growth. Total operating weeks is the total number of company-owned restaurants multiplied by the number of weeks each is in operation during the relevant period. Total operating weeks is impacted by restaurant openings and closings, as well as changes in the number of weeks included in the relevant period. Comparable restaurant sales growth reflects the change in year-over-year sales for the comparable restaurant base. We define the comparable restaurant base to be those company-owned restaurants in operation for not less than twelve months prior to the beginning of the fiscal year being measured. Comparable restaurant sales growth is primarily influenced by the number of entrées sold and the average guest check. The number of entrees sold is influenced by the popularity of our menu items, our guest mix and our ability to deliver a high quality dining experience. Average guest check, a measure of total restaurant sales divided by the number of entrées, is driven by menu mix and pricing.

 

Franchise Income. Franchise income includes (1) franchise and development option fees charged to franchisees and (2) royalty income. Franchise royalties consist of 5.0% of adjusted gross sales from each

 

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franchisee-owned restaurant. We evaluate the performance of our franchisees by measuring franchisee-owned restaurant operating weeks, which is impacted by franchisee-owned restaurant openings and closings, and comparable franchisee-owned restaurant sales growth, which together with operating weeks, drives our royalty income.

 

Food and Beverage Costs. Food and beverage costs include all restaurant-level food and beverage costs of company-owned restaurants. We measure food and beverage costs by tracking cost of sales as a percentage of restaurant sales and cost per entrée. Food and beverage costs are generally influenced by the cost of food and beverage items, distribution costs and menu mix. We expect our distribution costs to decrease from historical levels as a result of a new agreement we recently entered into with a foodservice distributor under which it acts as the primary distributor to most of our company-owned restaurants.

 

Restaurant Operating Expenses. We measure restaurant operating expenses for company-owned restaurants as a percentage of restaurant sales. Restaurant operating expenses include the following:

 

    Labor costs, consisting of restaurant management salaries, hourly staff payroll and other payroll-related items, including taxes and fringe benefits. We measure our labor cost efficiency by tracking hourly and total labor costs as a percentage of restaurant sales;

 

    Operating costs, consisting of maintenance, utilities, bank and credit card charges, and any other restaurant-level expenses; and

 

    Occupancy costs, consisting of both fixed and variable portions of rent, common area maintenance charges, insurance premiums and real property taxes.

 

Marketing and Advertising. Marketing and advertising includes all media, production and related costs for both local restaurant advertising and national marketing. We measure the efficiency of our marketing and advertising expenditures by tracking these costs as a percentage of total revenues. We have historically spent approximately 4.0% of total revenues on marketing and advertising and expect to maintain this level in the near term. All franchise agreements executed based on our new form of franchise agreement will include a 1.0% advertising fee in addition to the 5.0% royalty fee. This advertising fee will be spent on national advertising at our direction.

 

General and Administrative. General and administrative costs include costs relating to all corporate and administrative functions that support development and restaurant operations and provide an infrastructure to support future company and franchisee growth. General and administrative costs are comprised of management, supervisory and staff salaries and employee benefits, travel, information systems, training, corporate rent, professional and consulting fees, technology and market research. We measure our general and administrative expense efficiency by tracking these costs as a percentage of total revenues. These expenses are expected to increase as a result of costs associated with being a public company as well as costs related to our anticipated growth, including substantial training costs and significant investments in infrastructure. As we are able to leverage these investments made in our people and systems, we expect these expenses to decrease as a percentage of total revenues over time.

 

Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization includes depreciation of fixed assets. Consistent with recent SEC guidance, we depreciate capitalized leasehold improvements over the shorter of the total expected lease term or their estimated useful life. As we accelerate our restaurant openings, depreciation and amortization is expected to increase as a result of our increased capital expenditures.

 

Pre-Opening Costs. Pre-opening costs consist of costs incurred prior to opening a company-owned restaurant, which are comprised principally of manager salaries and relocation costs, employee payroll and related training costs for new employees, including practice and rehearsal of service activities as well as lease costs incurred prior to opening. We have not opened a significant number of company-owned restaurants during the historical periods discussed and, therefore, pre-opening costs have not had a material impact on our operating results during any of the historical periods presented. We expect these costs to increase as we accelerate our company-owned restaurant openings, which may have a material impact on our operating results in future periods. We currently budget approximately $0.4 million of pre-opening costs per company-owned restaurant opening.

 

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Table of Contents

Results of Operations

 

The table below sets forth certain operating data expressed as a percentage of total revenues for the periods indicated. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of the operating results that may be expected in the future.

 

     Fiscal Year

     2002

   2003

   2004

Revenues:

              

Restaurant sales

   94.4%    94.5%    94.8%

Franchise income

   5.4%    5.3%    5.0%

Other operating income

   0.2%    0.2%    0.2%
    
  
  

Total revenues

   100.0%    100.0%    100.0%

Costs and expenses:

              

Food and beverage costs

   30.4%    33.1%    31.9%

Restaurant operating expenses

   43.7%    44.2%    43.2%

Marketing and advertising

   4.3%    3.9%    3.5%

General and administrative

   6.4%    5.2%    5.7%

Depreciation and amortization

   3.9%    4.1%    3.4%

Pre-opening costs

   1.4%    0.3%    0.2%
    
  
  

Operating income

   9.9%    9.2%    12.1%

Other income (expense):

              

Interest expense, net of interest income

   (6.2)%    (5.7)%    (5.4)%

Accrued dividends and accretion on mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock

   0.0%    (1.3)%    (2.6)%

Other

   0.7%    0.3%    (0.4)%
    
  
  

Income from continuing operations before income tax expense

   4.4%    2.5%    3.7%
    
  
  

Income tax expense

   0.3%    0.8%    0.4%
    
  
  

Income from continuing operations

   4.1%    1.7%    3.3%

Discontinued operations, net of income tax benefit

   0.4%    1.0%    2.0%
    
  
  

Net income

   3.7%    0.7%    1.3%
    
  
  

 

Fiscal Year 2004 (52 Weeks) Compared to Fiscal Year 2003 (52 Weeks)

 

Restaurant Sales. Restaurant sales increased $23.7 million, or 14.9%, to $182.3 million in fiscal 2004 from $158.6 million in fiscal 2003. The increase in restaurant sales was due to a $18.2 million increase in sales from restaurants open throughout both periods, representing comparable company-owned restaurant sales growth of 11.6%, and $5.5 million attributable to the full-year impact in fiscal 2004 of one restaurant opened in 2003 and one restaurant acquired in April 2004. This increase in comparable company-owned restaurant sales was primarily attributable to increased entrée volume with the remainder attributable to increased per entrée spending.

 

Franchise Income. Franchise income increased $0.7 million, or 7.6%, to $9.5 million in fiscal 2004 from $8.8 million in fiscal 2003. The increase in franchise income was due to the full-year impact in fiscal 2004 of one additional franchisee-owned restaurant that opened in fiscal 2003 as well as a $15.9 million increase in franchisee-owned restaurant sales from those franchisee-owned restaurants open throughout both periods, representing a comparable franchisee-owned restaurant sales growth of 9.3%. This increase was partially offset by our acquisition of one franchisee-owned restaurant and the closing by the same franchisee of another franchisee-owned restaurant in April 2004.

 

 

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Table of Contents

Food and Beverage Costs. Food and beverage costs increased $5.8 million, or 10.4%, to $61.4 million in fiscal 2004 from $55.6 million in fiscal 2003. The increase was primarily due to higher restaurant sales in fiscal 2004. As a percentage of restaurant sales, food and beverage costs decreased to 33.7% in fiscal 2004 from 35.1% in fiscal 2003. The decrease in food and beverage costs as a percentage of restaurant sales was primarily due to lower meat and seafood costs in fiscal 2004.

 

Restaurant Operating Expenses. Restaurant operating expenses increased $8.9 million, or 11.9%, to $83.0 million in fiscal 2004 from $74.1 million in fiscal 2003. The increase was primarily due to higher restaurant sales in fiscal 2004. Several of the operating expenses included in this category are either fixed or semi-variable. As a result, restaurant operating expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales decreased to 45.5% in fiscal 2004 from 46.7% in fiscal 2003, primarily due to the impact of increased restaurant sales.

 

Marketing and Advertising. Marketing and advertising expenses increased $0.2 million, or 3.9%, to $6.7 million in fiscal 2004 from $6.5 million in fiscal 2003. Marketing and advertising expenses as a percentage of total revenues decreased to 3.5% in fiscal 2004 from 3.9% in fiscal 2003, due primarily to more selective national media spending and the termination of our arrangement with an advertising agency.

 

General and Administrative. General and administrative costs increased $2.1 million, or 24.4%, to $10.9 million in fiscal 2004 from $8.8 million in fiscal 2003. General and administrative costs as a percentage of total revenues increased to 5.7% in fiscal 2004 from 5.2% in fiscal 2003. This increase was primarily due to the recruitment and hiring of a new President and Chief Executive Officer as well as several key management positions in the areas of human resources, construction, franchise relations and marketing. This increase was also due to costs associated with our first annual restaurant managers’ meeting since 2001 and higher executive bonus expense resulting from the achievement of operating performance targets in fiscal 2004.

 

Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense decreased $0.3 million, or 4.6%, to $6.5 million in fiscal 2004 from $6.8 million in fiscal 2003. This decrease was due primarily to certain investments in furniture and equipment having become fully depreciated and a lower level of investment as a result of no new restaurants having been opened during fiscal 2004.

 

Pre-Opening Costs. Pre-opening costs decreased $0.1 million, or 26.8%, to $0.4 million in fiscal 2004 from $0.5 million in fiscal 2003. This decrease resulted from our acquisition of one restaurant from a franchisee in 2004 and our opening of one company-owned restaurant in 2003.

 

Interest Expense, net of Interest Income. Interest expense, net of interest income, increased $0.8 million, or 8.4%, to $10.3 million in fiscal 2004 from $9.5 million in fiscal 2003. This increase was primarily due to the write-off of remaining debt issuance costs of $0.7 million associated with the refinancing of our credit facility in April 2004 and increased interest rates under our then existing senior credit facility, partially offset by lower average borrowings in fiscal 2004 as compared to fiscal 2003.

 

Accrued Dividends and Accretion on Mandatorily Redeemable Senior Preferred Stock. Dividends and accretion of issuance discount on senior preferred stock are reflected as accrued dividends and accretion on mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock in our consolidated financial statements subsequent to the June 30, 2003 implementation date of SFAS No. 150. We currently expect to use a portion of the proceeds from this offering to redeem all of our outstanding senior preferred stock. See “Use of Proceeds.”

 

Other. We had other expense of $0.8 million in fiscal 2004 compared to other income of $0.5 million in fiscal 2003. This decrease was due primarily to a $1.3 million expense, net of insurance proceeds, to settle a labor dispute in California in fiscal 2004.

 

Income Tax Expense. Income tax expense decreased by $0.6 million, or 45.3%, to $0.7 million in fiscal 2004 from $1.3 million in fiscal 2003. This decrease was primarily the result of a lower effective tax rate resulting from income tax benefits provided by discontinued operations that produced state net operating losses and increased use of tax credits available to the company.

 

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Table of Contents

Income from Continuing Operations. Income from continuing operations increased $3.5 million, or 119.6%, to $6.4 million from $2.9 million in fiscal 2003.

 

Discontinued Operations, net of Income Tax Benefit. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2004, we closed company-owned restaurants in Sugar Land, Texas and New York, New York (UN location). The operations and related expenses of these locations are presented as discontinued operations. Discontinued operations increased by $2.3 million, or 137.8%, to $3.9 million in fiscal 2004 from $1.6 million in fiscal 2003. This increase was primarily due to an after-tax charge of approximately $2.9 million representing the write-down of property and equipment and certain other assets and the accrual of lease exit costs associated with the closings.

 

Fiscal Year 2003 (52 Weeks) Compared to Fiscal Year 2002 (52 Weeks)

 

Restaurant Sales. Restaurant sales increased $13.6 million, or 9.4%, to $158.6 million in fiscal 2003 from $145.0 million in fiscal 2002. This increase in restaurant sales was due to a $2.1 million, or 1.5%, increase in comparable company-owned restaurant sales (including the sales from our Sugar Land, Texas restaurant, which is included in discontinued operations, the increase in comparable company-owned restaurant sales was $2.0 million, or 1.4%, as reflected in “Summary Historical Financial and Operating Data—Other Data”), and $11.5 million attributable to the full-year impact in fiscal 2003 of three company-owned restaurants opened in fiscal 2002, twelve additional operating weeks associated with one location temporarily closed in 2002 and the partial year impact of one company-owned restaurant opened in 2003.

 

Franchise Income. Franchise income increased $0.4 million, or 5.5%, to $8.8 million in fiscal 2003 from $8.4 million in fiscal 2002. The increase in franchise income was due to the full-year impact of one additional franchisee-owned restaurant that opened in fiscal 2002 and the partial year impact of one franchisee-owned restaurant that opened in fiscal 2003 as well as a $4.0 million, or 2.4%, increase in comparable franchisee-owned restaurant sales.

 

Food and Beverage Costs. Food and beverage costs increased $8.9 million, or 19.1%, to $55.6 million in fiscal 2003 from $46.7 million in fiscal 2002. The increase was primarily due to higher restaurant sales in fiscal 2003. As a percentage of restaurant sales, food and beverage costs increased to 35.1% in fiscal 2003 from 32.2% in fiscal 2002, primarily due to higher meat and produce costs.

 

Restaurant Operating Expenses. Restaurant operating expenses increased $6.9 million, or 10.4%, to $74.1 million in fiscal 2003 from $67.2 million in fiscal 2002. The increase was primarily due to higher restaurant sales in fiscal 2003. Restaurant operating expenses as a percentage of restaurant sales increased to 46.7% in fiscal 2003 from 46.3% in fiscal 2002, primarily due to higher fixed occupancy costs associated with new restaurants.

 

Marketing and Advertising. Marketing and advertising expenses decreased $0.1 million, or 2.0%, to $6.5 million in fiscal 2003 from $6.6 million in fiscal 2002. Marketing and advertising expenses as a percentage of total revenues decreased to 3.9% in fiscal 2003 from 4.3% in fiscal 2002, primarily due to reduced creative expenses and agency conversion costs related to our retention of a new advertising agency during fiscal 2002.

 

General and Administrative. General and administrative costs decreased $1.0 million, or 10.7%, to $8.8 million in fiscal 2003 from $9.8 million in fiscal 2002. General and administrative costs as a percentage of total revenues decreased to 5.2% in fiscal 2003 from 6.4% in fiscal 2002. This decrease was primarily due to reduced management education costs and several vacant management positions in the areas of human resources, education and finance.

 

Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization expenses increased $0.8 million, or 12.4%, to $6.8 million in fiscal 2003 from $6.0 million in fiscal 2002. This increase was primarily attributable to the full-year impact in 2003 of three company-owned restaurants opened in fiscal 2002 and the partial year impact of one company-owned restaurant opened in fiscal 2003.

 

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Table of Contents

Pre-Opening Costs. Restaurant pre-opening costs decreased $1.6 million, or 75.8%, to $0.5 million in fiscal 2003 from $2.1 million in 2002, primarily as a result of fewer company-owned restaurant openings in fiscal 2003. We opened three company-owned restaurants in fiscal 2002 and one in 2003.

 

Interest Expense, net of Interest Income. Interest expense, net of interest income, decreased $0.1 million, or 0.5%, to $9.5 million in fiscal 2003 from $9.6 million in fiscal 2002. This decrease was primarily due to a lower average outstanding debt balance.

 

Accrued Dividends and Accretion on Mandatorily Redeemable Senior Preferred Stock. Dividends and accretion of issuance discount on senior preferred stock are reflected as accrued dividends and accretion on mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock in our consolidated financial statements subsequent to the June 30, 2003 implementation date of SFAS No. 150. We currently expect to use a portion of the proceeds from this offering to redeem all of our outstanding senior preferred stock. See “Use of Proceeds.”

 

Other. Other decreased by $0.5 million, or 51.0%, to $0.5 million in fiscal 2003 from $1.0 million in fiscal 2002, due primarily to life insurance proceeds in excess of cash surrender value received in fiscal 2002 related to the death of Ruth Fertel, our founder.

 

Income Tax Expense. Income tax expense increased by $0.9 million to $1.3 million in fiscal 2003 from $0.4 million in fiscal 2002. This increase was primarily the result of a higher effective tax rate in 2003 resulting from a lower usage of tax credits.

 

Income from Continuing Operations. Income from continuing operations decreased $3.3 million, or 53.5%, to $2.9 million in fiscal 2003 from $6.2 million in fiscal 2002.

 

Discontinued Operations, net of Income Tax Benefit. Discontinued operations increased by $1.1 million to $1.6 million in fiscal 2003 from $0.5 million in fiscal 2002. This increase was primarily due to an after-tax charge of approximately $0.6 million representing the write-down of property and equipment and certain other assets.

 

Potential Fluctuations in Quarterly Results and Seasonality

 

Our quarterly operating results may fluctuate significantly as a result of a variety of factors. See “Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Business,” which discloses all material risks that could affect our quarterly operating results.

 

Our business is also subject to seasonal fluctuations. Historically, the percentage of our annual total revenues during the first and fourth fiscal quarters have been higher due, in part, to the year-end holiday season. Accordingly, results for any one quarter are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for any other quarter or for any year, and comparable restaurant sales for any particular period may decrease. In the future, operating results may fall below the expectations of securities analysts and investors. If this occurs, the price of our common stock would likely decrease. The following table presents summary quarterly results of operations for fiscal 2004 and fiscal 2003.

 

    Quarter Ended

    Quarter Ended

 
    March 30,
2003


    June 29,
2003


   

September 28,

2003


    December 28,
2003


    March 28,
2004


    June 27,
2004


    September 26,
2004


    December 26,
2004


 
    (dollars in millions)  

Total revenues

  $ 43.4     $ 41.2     $ 37.4     $ 45.9     $ 49.9     $ 47.5     $ 42.2     $ 52.6  

Costs and expenses

    37.8       37.4       35.6       41.6       42.9       42.7       39.0       44.3  
   


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


Operating income

  $ 5.6     $ 3.7     $ 1.9     $ 4.2     $ 7.0     $ 4.8     $ 3.3     $ 8.3  
   


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


Quarterly percentage of annual revenues

    25.9 %     24.6 %     22.2 %     27.3 %     26.0 %     24.7 %     22.0 %     27.3 %

Operating margin

    12.9 %     9.0 %     5.1 %     9.2 %     14.0 %     10.1 %     7.8 %     15.8 %

 

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Table of Contents

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Our principal sources of cash have been net cash provided by operating activities and borrowings under our senior credit facilities. Our principal uses of cash historically have been, and in the future are expected to be, for new company-owned restaurant openings, other capital expenditures and debt service.

 

Cash Flows

 

The following table summarizes our primary sources of cash in the periods presented:

 

     Fiscal Year

 
     2002

    2003

    2004

 
     (dollars in thousands)  

Net cash provided by (used in):

                        

Operating activities

   $ 15,589     $ 14,614     $ 20,970  

Investing activities

     (13,105 )     (7,327 )     (3,518 )

Financing activities

     (727 )     (7,677 )     (18,676 )
    


 


 


Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

   $ 1,757     $ (390 )   $ (1,224 )
    


 


 


 

Our operations have not required significant working capital and, like many restaurant companies, we have been able to operate with negative working capital. Restaurant sales are primarily for cash or by credit card, and restaurant operations do not require significant inventories or receivables. In addition, we receive trade credit for the purchase of food, beverage and supplies, thereby reducing the need for incremental working capital to support growth.

 

Operating Activities. Net cash provided by operating activities was $21.0 million in fiscal 2004 compared to $14.6 million in fiscal 2003. This increase was primarily due to a $1.2 million increase in net income, a $4.6 million increase in loss on impairment, and a $2.8 million increase in accrued dividends and accretion on mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock. In fiscal 2002, we had $15.6 million of net cash provided by operating activities.

 

Investing Activities. Net cash used in investing activities was $3.5 million in fiscal 2004 compared to $7.3 million in fiscal 2003. This decrease was due to no new company-owned restaurant openings in fiscal 2004 as compared to two openings in fiscal 2003. In fiscal 2002, net cash used in investing activities was $13.1 million. Net cash used in investing activities varied in the periods presented based on the number of new company-owned restaurants opened and the maintenance of our existing restaurant base during the period. Net cash used in investing activities was also affected by purchases of property and equipment, which include purchases of information technology systems and certain other expenditures related to the operation of our corporate headquarters.

 

Financing Activities. Net cash used by financing activities totaled $18.7 million in fiscal 2004 compared to $7.7 million in fiscal 2003. This increase was primarily driven by the net debt reductions of $16.5 million in fiscal 2004 compared to $7.4 million in fiscal 2003. In fiscal 2002, net cash used by financing activities was $0.7 million.

 

Capital Expenditures

 

Capital expenditures totaled $3.5 million in fiscal 2004, $7.5 million in fiscal 2003 and $13.6 million in fiscal 2002 and were primarily for the acquisition of equipment and leasehold improvements for company-owned restaurants opened in 2003 and 2002 as well as expenditures to remodel and maintain existing locations.

 

We anticipate capital expenditures in the future will increase to the extent we open company-owned restaurants and opportunistically acquire franchisee-owned restaurants and related rights.

 

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Debt and Credit Facilities

 

As of December 26, 2004, we had an aggregate of $81.0 million of outstanding indebtedness, which consisted of the following:

 

    $41.0 million of revolving credit borrowings and $20.0 million of term loan borrowings under our old senior credit facility; and

 

    $20.0 million of our 13% senior subordinated notes due 2006.

 

As of December 26, 2004, an aggregate of $20.0 million was outstanding under the term loans at a weighted average interest rate of 9.5%. As of December 26, 2004, there were $41.0 million borrowings outstanding under the revolving credit facility at a weighted average interest rate of 5.7%. We had two outstanding letters of credit as of December 26, 2004 totaling $1.3 million. We were in compliance with our financial and restrictive covenants under our senior credit facilities at the end of fiscal 2004.

 

On March 11, 2005, we entered into our new senior credit facilities. Our new senior credit facilities provide for a six-year term loan of $105.0 million and a five-year revolving credit facility (including letters of credit) of up to $15.0 million. Borrowings under the revolving credit facility bear interest at either (1) the sum of the base rate plus a margin based on our consolidated pricing leverage ratio, ranging from 1.25% to 2.25%, or (2) the sum of the Eurodollar rate plus a margin based on our consolidated pricing leverage ratio, ranging from 2.25% to 3.25%. Borrowings under the term loan bear interest at the base rate plus 2.0% per year. The base rate equals the higher of the prime rate and the overnight federal funds rate plus 0.5%. Our obligations under our new senior credit facilities are guaranteed by each of our existing and future subsidiaries and are secured by substantially all of our assets and the capital stock of our subsidiaries.

 

Our new senior credit facilities contain various financial covenants, including a maximum ratio of total indebtedness to EBITDA, as defined in the senior credit agreement, a minimum ratio of EBITDA plus certain rental expenses to fixed charges (including consolidated maintenance capital expenditures) and a minimum ratio of EBITDA plus certain rental expenses to fixed charges (including consolidated capital expenses). Our new senior credit facilities also contain covenants restricting certain corporate actions, including asset dispositions, acquisitions, the payment of dividends, changes of control, the incurrence of indebtedness, providing financing and investments and transactions with affiliates. Our new senior credit facilities also contain customary events of default.

 

We used the net proceeds of the borrowings under our new senior credit facilities to prepay and retire borrowings under our previous credit facility, to prepay the remaining $11.0 million of our 13% senior subordinated notes due 2006, to repurchase shares of and pay accrued dividends on the Senior Preferred Stock in an aggregate amount of $30.0 million and to pay related fees and expenses.

 

We expect to use approximately $        million of the net proceeds of this offering to repay borrowings under our new senior credit facilities. In addition, we expect to use approximately $        million of the net proceeds from this offering to redeem all of our outstanding shares of Senior Preferred Stock and Junior Preferred Stock and pay accrued but unpaid dividends thereon. Some of our directors and principal stockholders own shares of our preferred stock and will receive a portion of the net proceeds from this offering.

 

We believe that net cash provided by operating activities, net proceeds from this offering and borrowings under our new senior credit facilities will be sufficient to fund currently anticipated working capital, planned capital expenditures and debt service requirements for the next twenty-four months. We regularly review acquisitions and other strategic opportunities, which may require additional debt or equity financing. We currently do not have any pending agreements or understandings with respect to any acquisition or other strategic opportunities.

 

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Contractual Obligations

 

The following table summarizes our contractual obligations as of December 26, 2004:

 

     Payments due by period

     Total

   Less than
1 year


   1-3
years


   3-5
years


   More than
5 years


     (in millions)

Long-term debt obligations

   $ 80.9    $ —      $ 80.9    $ —      $ —  

Mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock

     39.9      —        39.9      —        —  

Operating lease obligations

     76.7      8.3      16.7      14.0      37.7
    

  

  

  

  

Total

   $ 197.5    $ 8.3    $ 137.5    $ 14.0    $ 37.7
    

  

  

  

  

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have a guaranteed operating lease for the franchisee-owned restaurant in Detroit, Michigan. The operating lease requires annual minimum lease payments of $0.1 million through the August 2005 base term, and to the extent of any exercise of lease renewal options by the franchisee.

 

Certain Charges Related to this Offering

 

We anticipate incurring a pre-tax charge of approximately $0.7 million associated with our early extinguishment of debt with the proceeds of this offering.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our discussion and analysis of results of operations and financial condition are based upon our audited consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements is based on our critical accounting policies that require us to make estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported in those financial statements. Our significant accounting policies, which may be affected by our estimates and assumptions, are more fully described in Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements that appear elsewhere in this prospectus. Critical accounting policies are those that we believe are most important to portraying our financial condition and results of operations and also require the greatest amount of subjective or complex judgments by management. Judgments or uncertainties regarding the application of these policies may result in materially different amounts being reported under different conditions or using different assumptions. We consider the following policies to be the most critical in understanding the judgments that are involved in preparing the combined financial statements.

 

Equipment and Leasehold Improvements

 

Equipment and leasehold improvements are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Equipment consists primarily of restaurant equipment, furniture, fixtures and smallwares. Depreciation is generally calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. Leasehold improvements are amortized using the straight-line method over the shorter of the lease term, including renewal periods, or the estimated useful life of the asset. Repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred; renewals and betterments are capitalized. Estimated useful lives are generally as follows: equipment—3 to 10 years; furniture and fixtures—5 to 7 years. Judgments and estimates made by us related to the expected useful lives of these assets are affected by factors such as changes in economic conditions and changes in operating performance. If these assumptions change in the future, we may be required to record impairment charges for these assets.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

We review property and equipment (which includes leasehold improvements) for impairment when events or circumstances indicate these assets might be impaired. We test impairment using historical cash flow and

 

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other relevant facts and circumstances as the primary basis for our estimates of future cash flows. The analysis is performed at the restaurant level for indicators of permanent impairment. In determining future cash flows, significant estimates are made by us with respect to future operating results of each restaurant over its remaining lease term. If assets are determined to be impaired, the impairment charge is measured by calculating the amount by which the asset-carrying amount exceeds its fair value. The determination of asset fair value is also subject to significant judgment. This process requires the use of estimates and assumptions, which are subject to a high degree of judgment. If these assumptions change in the future, we may be required to record impairment charges for these assets.

 

During 2003 and 2004, we recorded losses on impairment of long-lived assets in the amounts of $1.0 million and $5.6 million, respectively. These charges were related to the partial impairment of fixtures and equipment and leasehold improvements at two company-owned restaurants that were closed in 2004 and are included in discontinued operations for the relevant periods.

 

Goodwill and Other Indefinite Lived Assets

 

Goodwill and other indefinite lived assets resulted primarily from our acquisitions of franchisee-owned restaurants. The most significant acquisitions were completed in 1996 and 1999. Goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinite lives are not subject to amortization. However, such assets must be tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable and at least annually. We completed our most recent impairment test in December 2004, and determined that there were no impairment losses related to goodwill and other indefinite lived assets. In assessing the recoverability of goodwill and other indefinite lived assets, market values and projections regarding estimated future cash flows and other factors are used to determine the fair value of the respective assets. The estimated future cash flows were projected using significant assumptions, including future revenues and expenses. If these estimates or related projections change in the future, we may be required to record impairment charges for these assets.

 

Insurance Liability

 

We maintain various insurance policies for workers’ compensation, employee health, general liability, and property damage. Pursuant to those policies, we are responsible for losses up to certain limits and are required to estimate a liability that represents our ultimate exposure for aggregate losses below those limits. This liability is based on management’s estimates of the ultimate costs to be incurred to settle known claims and claims not reported as of the balance sheet date. Our estimated liability is not discounted and is based on a number of assumptions and factors, including historical trends, actuarial assumptions, and economic conditions. If actual trends differ from our estimates, our financial results could be impacted.

 

Income Taxes

 

We have accounted for, and currently account for, income taxes in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes. This Statement establishes financial accounting and reporting standards for the effects of income taxes that result from an enterprise’s activities during the current and preceding years. It requires an asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting of income taxes. We recognize deferred tax liabilities and assets for the future consequences of events that have been recognized in our consolidated financial statements or tax returns. In the event the future consequences of differences between financial reporting bases and tax bases of our assets and liabilities result in a net deferred tax asset, an evaluation is made of the probability of our ability to realize the future benefits indicated by such asset. A valuation allowance related to a deferred tax asset is recorded when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. The realization of such net deferred tax will generally depend on whether we will have sufficient taxable income of an appropriate character within the carry-forward period permitted by the tax law. Without sufficient taxable income to offset the deductible amounts and carry forwards, the related tax benefits will expire unused. We have evaluated both positive and negative evidence in making a determination as to whether it is more likely than not that all or some portion of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. Measurement of deferred items is based on enacted tax laws.

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In April 2003, the FASB issued SFAS No. 150, Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Characteristics of both Liabilities and Equity. SFAS No. 150 changes the accounting for certain financial instruments that, under previous guidance, could be classified as equity or “mezzanine” equity, by requiring those instruments to be classified as liabilities (or assets in some circumstances) in the statement of financial position. SFAS No. 150 requires disclosure regarding the terms of those instruments and settlement alternatives. This statement was effective for all financial instruments entered into or modified after May 31, 2003, and was otherwise effected at the beginning of the first interim period beginning after June 15, 2003. The restatement of financial statements for earlier years presented is not permitted. The company adopted SFAS No. 150 effective June 30, 2003 (the beginning of the company’s 2003 third quarter). Effective with the adoption of SFAS No. 150, the company reported the mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock on the balance sheet as a liability and the accrued dividends and accretion on mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock prior to income before income taxes on the statement of operations. Prior to adoption of SFAS No. 150 in accordance with previous guidance, the company reported mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock on the balance sheet as mezzanine equity and the accrued dividends and accretion on mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock in retained earnings on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

In November 2004, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 151 “Inventory Costs, an amendment of ARB No. 43, Chapter 4” (“Statement 151”). The amendments made by Statement 151 clarify that abnormal amounts of idle facility expense, freight, handling costs, and wasted materials (spoilage) should be recognized as current-period charges and require the allocation of fixed production overheads to inventory based on the normal capacity of the production facilities. The guidance is effective for inventory costs incurred during fiscal years beginning after June 15, 2005. Earlier application is permitted for inventory costs incurred during fiscal years beginning after November 23, 2004. The company has assessed the impact of Statement 151, and does not expect it to have an impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In December 2004, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 152 “Accounting for Real Estate Time-Sharing Transactions—An Amendment to FASB Statements No. 66 and 67” (“Statement 152”). Statement 152 amends FASB Statement No. 66, “Accounting for Sales of Real Estate,” to reference the financial accounting and reporting guidance for real estate time-sharing transactions that is provided in AICPA Statement of Position (SOP) 04-2, “Accounting for Real Estate Time-Sharing Transactions.” Statement 152 also amends FASB Statement No. 67, “Accounting for Costs and Initial Rental Operations of Real Estate Projects,” to state that the guidance for (a) incidental operations and (b) costs incurred to sell real estate projects does not apply to real estate time-sharing transactions. The accounting for those operations and costs is subject to the guidance in SOP 04-2. Statement 152 is effective for financial statements for fiscal years beginning after June 15, 2005. The company has assessed the impact of Statement 152, and does not expect it to have an impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In December 2004, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 153 “Exchanges of Non-monetary assets—an amendment of APB Opinion No. 29” (“Statement 153”). Statement 153 amends Accounting Principles Board (“APB”) Opinion 29 to eliminate the exception for nonmonetary exchanges of similar productive assets and replaces it with a general exception for exchanges of nonmonetary assets that do not have commercial substance. A nonmonetary exchange has commercial substance if the future cash flows of the entity are expected to change significantly as a result of the exchange. Statement 153 does not apply to a pooling of assets in a joint undertaking intended to fund, develop, or produce oil or natural gas from a particular property or group of properties. The provisions of Statement 153 shall be effective for nonmonetary asset exchanges occurring in fiscal periods beginning after June 15, 2005. Early adoption is permitted and the provisions of Statement 153 should be applied prospectively. The Company has assessed the impact of Statement 153, and does not expect it to have an impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In December of 2004, the FASB issued SFAS No. 123R, “Share-Based Payment,” which replaces the requirements under SFAS No. 123 and APB No. 25. The statement sets accounting requirements for

 

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“share-based” compensation to employees, including employee stock purchase plans, and requires all share-based payments, including employee stock options, to be recognized in the financial statements based on their fair value. It carries forward prior guidance on accounting for awards to non-employees. The accounting for employee stock ownership plan transactions will continue to be accounted for in accordance with Statement of Position (SOP) 93-6, while awards to most non-employee directors will be accounted for as employee awards. This Statement is effective for public companies that do not file as small business issuers as of the beginning of their first annual period beginning after June 15, 2005 (effective December 26, 2005 for the company). The company has not yet determined the effect the new Statement will have on the consolidated financial statements as it has not completed its analysis; however, the company expects the adoption of this Statement to result in a reduction of net income that may be material.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

We are exposed to market risk from fluctuations in interest rates. For fixed rate debt, interest rate changes affect the fair market value of such debt but do not impact earnings or cash flows. Conversely for variable rate debt, including borrowings under our new senior credit facilities, interest rate changes generally do not affect the fair market value of such debt, but do impact future earnings and cash flows, assuming other factors are held constant. At December 26, 2004, we had approximately $61.0 million of variable rate debt. Holding other variables constant (such as foreign exchange rates and debt levels), a hypothetical immediate one percentage point change in interest rates would be expected to have an impact on pre-tax earnings and cash flows for fiscal year 2005 of approximately $0.6 million. After giving effect to this offering and borrowings under our new senior credit facilities and the application of net proceeds therefrom, we would have had $             million of variable rate debt at December 26, 2004, and, holding other variables constant, a hypothetical immediate one percentage point change in interest rates would be expected to have an estimated impact on pre-tax earnings and cash flows for fiscal year 2005 of approximately $             million.

 

Foreign Currency Risk

 

In accordance with our franchise agreements relating to our international locations, we receive royalties from those franchisees in U.S. dollars, and therefore we believe that fluctuations in foreign exchange rates do not present a material risk to our operations.

 

Commodity Price Risk

 

We are exposed to market price fluctuations in beef and other food product prices. Given the historical volatility of beef and other food product prices, this exposure can impact our food and beverage costs. Because we typically set our menu prices in advance of our beef and other food product purchases, we cannot quickly take into account changing costs of beef and other food items. To the extent that we are unable to pass the increased costs on to our guests through price increases, our results of operations would be adversely affected. We do not use financial instruments to hedge our risk to market price fluctuations in beef or other food product prices at this time.

 

Effects of Inflation

 

Components of our operations subject to inflation include food, beverage, lease and labor costs. Our leases require us to pay taxes, maintenance, repairs, insurance and utilities, all of which are subject to inflationary increases. We believe inflation has not had a material impact on our results of operations in recent years.

 

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BUSINESS

 

Our Company

 

We are the largest fine dining restaurant company in the United States, as measured by the number of restaurants. Our menu features a broad selection of high-quality USDA Prime grade steaks and other premium offerings served in Ruth’s Chris’ signature fashion—“sizzling” and topped with seasoned butter—complemented by other traditional menu items inspired by our New Orleans heritage. Our restaurants reflect our 40-year commitment to the core values of our founder, Ruth Fertel, of caring for our guests by delivering the highest quality food, beverages and service in a warm and inviting atmosphere. We believe that Ruth’s Chris is currently one of the strongest brands in fine dining.

 

We offer a dining experience that appeals to families and special occasion diners, in addition to the business clientele traditionally served by fine dining steakhouses. We believe this broad appeal distinguishes us from many of our competitors and provides us with opportunities to expand into a wider range of markets, including many markets not traditionally served by fine dining steakhouses that cater primarily to business clientele.

 

We offer USDA Prime grade steaks that are aged and prepared to exacting company standards and cooked in 1800-degree broilers. We also offer veal, lamb, poultry and seafood dishes, and a broad selection of appetizers, including New Orleans-style barbequed shrimp, mushrooms stuffed with crabmeat, shrimp remoulade, Louisiana seafood gumbo, onion soup au gratin and six to eight salad variations. We complement our distinctive food offerings with an award-winning wine list, typically featuring bottles priced at between $28.00 to $700.00 and many selections offered by the glass.

 

As of December 26, 2004, there were 86 Ruth’s Chris restaurants, of which 39 were company-owned and 47 were franchisee-owned, including ten international franchisee-owned restaurants in Mexico, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Canada. In fiscal 2004, we had total revenues of $192.2 million and operating income of $23.3 million, representing increases from fiscal 2003 of 14.6% and 50.6%, respectively.

 

Our Brand History

 

We were founded in 1965 when Ruth Fertel mortgaged her home for $22,000 to purchase the “Chris Steak House,” a 60-seat restaurant located near the New Orleans Fair Grounds racetrack. After a fire destroyed the original restaurant, Ruth relocated her restaurant to a new 160-seat facility nearby. As the terms of the original purchase prevented the use of the “Chris Steak House” name at a new location, Ruth added her name to that of the original restaurant—thus creating the “Ruth’s Chris Steak House” brand. Our expansion began in 1972, when Ruth opened a second restaurant in Metairie, a suburb of New Orleans. In 1976, the first franchisee-owned Ruth’s Chris Steak House opened in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Forty years after our founding, our success continues to be driven by our adherence to Ruth’s core values, which are to deliver the highest quality food, beverages and service in a warm and inviting atmosphere.

 

Restaurant Industry Overview

 

According to the National Restaurant Association (the “NRA”), restaurant industry sales in 2004 were approximately $454 billion, which represented approximately 4% of the U.S. gross domestic product. The NRA projects that 2005 restaurant industry sales will be $476 billion, which would mark the fourteenth consecutive year of real sales growth for the industry and a 4.9% increase over 2004. Since 1970, the industry has grown at a compound annual growth rate of 7.1%. Restaurants accounted for 46.7% of total food expenditures in the United States in 2004, up from 25.0% in 1955. By 2010, restaurants are projected to account for 53.0% of total food expenditures.

 

Technomic, Inc., a national consulting and research firm, projects that full-service restaurants will grow at a higher rate than the total industry, with the high-end steakhouse segment expected to grow at a 6.0% annual rate

 

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from 2003 to 2008. More than 25% of U.S. households had annual incomes of at least $75,000 in 2004, up from 20.5% in 1993. The Economist Intelligence Unit estimates that real disposable personal income will increase 3.9% in 2005, following an increase of 3.4% in 2004. Increases in household income historically have led to growth in both total expenditures for food-away-from-home and the proportion of food expenditures allocated to food-away-from-home. In addition, according to Fitch Ratings, the decrease in the size of U.S. households and the aging of the U.S. population have contributed to an increase in food-away-from-home expenditures. Fitch Ratings believes that these trends will continue to increase demand in the restaurant industry over the next 10 to 20 years.

 

Our Strengths

 

We believe that the key strengths of our business model are the following:

 

Premier Fine Dining Steakhouse Brand

 

We believe that Ruth’s Chris is currently one of the strongest brands in fine dining. We attribute much of the strength of our brand to our food, particularly our signature “sizzling” USDA Prime grade steaks, and our guest-focused culture inspired by the legacy and values of our founder, Ruth Fertel. Our friendly and attentive service, and our warm and inviting atmosphere are also key elements of our brand. Our dedication to the development of our brand over our 40-year history has generated a loyal customer base that we believe has further promoted awareness of Ruth’s Chris through positive “word-of-mouth.” We and our restaurants have received numerous awards, including, most recently, being named “America’s Best Steakhouse” in September 2004 by Restaurants & Institutions magazine. In addition, we have been recognized for our award-winning core wine list, for which 72 of our restaurants received “Awards of Excellence” from Wine Spectator magazine in 2004.

 

Superior Dining Experience

 

We seek to exceed our guests’ expectations by offering high-quality food with courteous, friendly service in the finest tradition of Southern hospitality. Our entire restaurant staff is dedicated to ensuring that our guests enjoy a superior dining experience. Our team-based approach to table service enhances the frequency of guest contact and speed of service without intruding on the guest experience. We believe our signature presentation—“sizzling” and topped with seasoned butter—appeals to all the senses, generating a feeling of excitement and anticipation among our guests.

 

Broad Appeal

 

We believe that the combination of our high quality food offerings, friendly and attentive service and warm and inviting atmosphere creates a dining experience that appeals to a wide range of guests, including families, special occasion diners and business clientele. We believe that this broad appeal attracts a greater number of guests to our restaurants and gives us the opportunity to enter into many new markets, including markets not traditionally served by fine dining steakhouses that cater primarily to business clientele. In addition, we believe that the diversity of our customer base reduces our exposure to fluctuations in the spending habits of any particular group of guests.

 

Attractive Unit Economics

 

We believe that we have successfully operated restaurants in a wide range of markets and achieved attractive rates of return on our invested capital. Our average net investment for the four company-owned restaurants opened since the beginning of fiscal 2002, excluding discontinued operations, which includes the cost of leasehold improvements, furniture, fixtures, equipment and pre-opening costs, net of tenant allowances and capitalized interest, was approximately $2.1 million. These four restaurants generated average unit volumes in

 

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excess of $5.0 million in fiscal 2004, higher than the average unit volumes of approximately $4.7 million in fiscal 2004 for our entire existing company-owned restaurant base. In addition, each of our existing company-owned restaurants generated positive cash flow in fiscal 2004.

 

Experienced, Committed Management Team

 

The members of our senior management team average nearly 20 years of restaurant industry experience. Craig Miller, our President and Chief Executive Officer, has over 40 years of industry experience, including periods as the head of publicly traded restaurant corporations, most notably as President and Chief Executive Officer of Uno Restaurant Corporation. Mr. Miller will also begin serving as Chairman of the National Restaurant Association, the leading business association for the restaurant industry, in May 2005. Our management team has a meaningful equity ownership stake in our company and is committed to growing our business by building on the core strengths of our business model. Following this offering, our management team will collectively own, through restricted stock and options subject to vesting, approximately         % of our common stock on a fully diluted basis.

 

Our Strategy

 

We believe there are significant opportunities to grow our business, strengthen our competitive position and enhance our brand through the continued implementation of the following strategies:

 

Improve Profitability

 

We intend to improve profitability by continuing to implement key operating initiatives. These initiatives have enabled us to increase our comparable restaurant sales in each of the last eight quarters, including increases of between 10% and 13% in each fiscal quarter since the beginning of fiscal 2004, expand our operating margins from 9.2% in fiscal 2003 to 12.1% in fiscal 2004. These operating initiatives include:

 

    ensuring consistency of food quality through more streamlined preparation and presentation;

 

    increasing our emphasis on wine sales by providing wine education for our employees;

 

    enhancing brand awareness through increased marketing at the national, regional and local levels;

 

    enhancing and/or developing innovative marketing programs, such as our website, www.ruthschris.com, Ruth’s Chris gift cards and a recognition program for our frequent guests; and

 

    improving guest traffic through increased focus on table utilization and efficiency, including our adoption of an online reservation and table management system.

 

Expand Restaurant Base

 

We believe that the 50 most populous markets in the United States could support an additional 75 to 100 company-owned and franchisee-owned Ruth’s Chris restaurants, based on our analysis of current demand and our competitors penetration of those markets. Further, we believe there is potential for an additional 25 to 50 Ruth’s Chris restaurants in smaller markets in the United States. Therefore, we continue to evaluate opportunities to open new Ruth’s Chris restaurants in both new and existing markets.

 

Company-owned restaurants: We currently expect to open five to six company-owned restaurants per year in each of the next several years. We have signed leases for three locations due to open in 2005 and we are currently in negotiations with potential lessors in 12 locations in which we plan to open new restaurants.

 

Franchisee-owned restaurants: We expect new and existing franchisees to open three to four new Ruth’s Chris restaurants in 2005 and five to six new Ruth’s Chris restaurants in each of the next several years.

 

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Expand Relationships with New and Existing Franchisees

 

We intend to grow our franchising business by developing relationships with a limited number of new franchisees and by expanding the rights of existing franchisees to open new restaurants. We believe that building relationships with quality franchisees is a cost-effective way to strengthen the Ruth’s Chris brand and generate additional revenues. While franchisees opened ten Ruth’s Chris restaurants from 1999 to the end of 2004, we only granted one new franchisee right during that period, despite significant demand. We also intend to continue to focus on providing operational guidance to our franchisees, including the sharing of “best practices” from our company-owned restaurants.

 

Site Selection, Development and Design

 

Our evaluation of prospective restaurant sites includes analysis of population density, potential population growth and demographic characteristics of the surrounding area, as well as research concerning accessibility, visibility, surrounding traffic patterns, the number and proximity of competitive restaurants and the potential return on invested capital.

 

The costs of opening a new Ruth’s Chris Steak House depend upon, among other things, the location and size of the site and the extent of any renovation required. While we generally lease our company-owned restaurant sites, we own the land and building for eight company-owned restaurants. Our future plans include both leasing and owning restaurant locations, depending upon which alternative provides us with the highest return on our capital. For leased restaurants, we currently target an average cash investment of approximately $2.5 million per restaurant, net of tenant allowances but including pre-opening expenses.

 

Our designers use standard styles in our restaurant interiors, although each location is tailored to reflect local tastes and preferences. Our restaurants typically consist primarily of public seating, but we also have dining rooms in some of our restaurants that are available to customers for private dining functions.

 

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Restaurant Locations

 

The following table sets forth information about our existing company-owned and franchisee-owned locations. As of March 27, 2005, we operated 39 company-owned restaurants and our franchisees operated 47 restaurants. Our company-owned restaurants range in size from approximately 6,000 to approximately 13,000 square feet. We expect that future restaurants will range in size from 7,000 to 9,000 square feet with approximately 220 to 250 seats.

 

Company-Owned Restaurants

     Franchisee-Owned Restaurants

Year
Opened


    

Locations


 

Property
Leased
or Owned


     Year
Opened


    

Locations


1965     

New Orleans, LA

  Owned      1976     

Baton Rouge, LA

1972     

Metairie, LA

  Owned      1977     

Portland, OR

1977     

Lafayette, LA

  Leased      1985     

Austin, TX

1981     

Dallas, TX

  Leased      1985     

Mobile, AL

1983     

Washington, D.C.

  Leased      1986     

Nashville, TN

1984     

Beverly Hills, CA

  Leased      1986     

Atlanta (Buckhead), GA

1985     

Fort Lauderdale, FL

  Owned      1987     

Pittsburgh, PA

1986     

Phoenix, AZ

  Leased      1987     

Hartford, CT

1986     

Houston, TX

  Owned      1988     

Philadelphia, PA

1987     

San Francisco, CA

  Leased      1988     

Seattle, WA

1987     

N. Palm Beach, FL

  Owned      1989     

Honolulu, HI

1990     

Weehawken, NJ

  Leased      1989     

Memphis, TN

1990     

Scottsdale, AZ

  Leased      1989     

Las Vegas, NV

1992     

Palm Desert, CA

  Owned      1992     

Baltimore, MD

1992     

Minneapolis, MN

  Leased      1992     

Chicago, IL

1993     

Arlington, VA

  Leased      1992     

Birmingham, AL

1993     

Manhattan, NY

  Leased      1993     

San Antonio, TX

1994     

San Juan, Puerto Rico

  Leased      1993     

Taichung, Taiwan

1994     

San Diego, CA

  Leased      1993     

Richmond, VA

1995     

Westchester, NY

  Leased      1993     

Cancun, Mexico

1996     

Tampa, FL

  Leased      1993     

Sandy Springs, GA

1996     

Bethesda, MD

  Leased      1994     

Las Vegas, NV

1997     

Kansas City, MO

  Leased      1994     

Indianapolis, IN

1997     

Irvine, CA

  Leased      1995     

Denver, CO

1997     

Cleveland, OH

  Leased      1995     

Long Island, NY

1998     

Parsippany, NJ

  Leased      1995     

Toronto, Canada

1998     

Louisville, KY

  Leased      1996     

Taichung, Taiwan

1999     

Columbus, OH

  Owned      1996     

Troy, MI

1999     

Coral Gables, FL

  Leased      1996     

Mexico City, Mexico

1999     

Winter Park, FL

  Leased      1996     

Indianapolis, IN

2000     

Sarasota, FL

  Owned      1997     

Jacksonville, FL

2000     

Del Mar, CA

  Leased      1997     

Raleigh, NC

2000     

Boca Raton, FL

  Leased      1997     

Hong Kong

2001     

Orlando, FL

  Leased      1998     

Annapolis, MD

2001     

Greensboro, NC

  Leased      1998     

Northbrook, IL

2002     

Woodland Hills, CA

  Leased      1998     

Maui, HI

2002     

Fairfax, VA

  Leased      1999     

Atlanta (Centennial Park), GA

2002     

Washington, D.C. (Conv.)

  Leased      1999     

Ponte Vedra, FL

2003     

Walnut Creek, CA

  Leased      2000     

Pikesville, MD

                  2000     

San Antonio (Sunset), TX

                  2000     

Wailea, HI

                  2001     

Kaohsiung, Taiwan

                  2001     

King of Prussia, PA

                  2001     

Queensway, Hong Kong

                  2001     

Cabo San Lucas, Mexico

                  2002     

Bellevue, WA

                  2003     

Mississauga, Canada

 

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Menu

 

Our menu features a broad selection of high-quality USDA Prime grade steaks and other premium offerings served in Ruth’s Chris signature fashion—“sizzling” and topped with seasoned butter—complemented by other traditional menu items inspired by our New Orleans heritage. USDA Prime is a meat grade label which refers to the evenly distributed marbling that enhances the flavor of the steak. Our menu also includes premium quality lamb chops, veal chops, fish, chicken and lobster. Steak and seafood combinations and a vegetable platter are also available at selected restaurants. Dinner entrees are generally priced from $18.00 to $38.00. Five company-owned restaurants are open for lunch and offer entrees generally ranging in price from $11.00 to $24.00. Our core menu is similar at all of our restaurants. We occasionally introduce new items such as specials that allow us to give our guests additional choices while taking advantage of fresh sourcing and advantageous cost opportunities.

 

We offer six to ten standard appetizer items, including New Orleans-style barbequed shrimp, mushrooms stuffed with crabmeat, shrimp remoulade, Louisiana seafood gumbo, onion soup au gratin, as well as six to eight different salads. We also offer eight to ten types of potatoes and eight types of vegetables as side dishes ranging in price from $6.00 to $8.00. For dessert, creme brulee, bread pudding with whiskey sauce, chocolate sin cake, fresh seasonal berries with sweet cream sauce and other selections are available for $6.00 to $8.00 each.

 

Our wine list features bottles typically ranging in price from $28.00 to $700.00. Individual restaurants supplement our 150-bottle core wine list with a minimum of 50 additional selections that reflect local market tastes. Most of our restaurants also offer approximately 30 to 40 wines-by-the-glass and numerous beers, liquors and alcoholic dessert drinks. Bottled wines account for approximately 70% of total wine sales.

 

Purchasing

 

Our ability to maintain consistent quality throughout our restaurants depends in part upon our ability to acquire food and other supplies from reliable sources in accordance with our specifications. Purchasing at the restaurant level is directed primarily by the chef, who is trained in our purchasing philosophy and specifications, and who works with our regional and corporate managers to ensure consistent sourcing of meat, fish, produce and other supplies. Each of our restaurants also has an in-store beverage manager who is responsible for purchasing wines based on guest preferences, market availability and menu content.

 

During 2004, we purchased more than 85% of the beef we used in our company-owned restaurants from one vendor with whom we have no long-term contractual arrangement. In addition, we recently entered into a long-term distribution arrangement with a national food and restaurant supply distributor, under which 31 of our company-owned restaurants currently receive a significant portion of their food supplies.

 

Restaurant Operations and Management

 

Our Chief Operating Officer has primary responsibility for managing our company-owned restaurants and participates in analyzing restaurant-level performance and strategic planning. Each of our six regional vice presidents supervises restaurant operations at six to eight company-owned restaurants and has oversight responsibility for franchise-owned restaurants in his or her region.

 

Our typical company-owned restaurant employs five managers, including a general manager, two front-of-house managers, a chef and an assistant chef. Our company-owned restaurants also typically have approximately 60 hourly employees. The general manager of each restaurant has primary accountability for ensuring compliance with our operating standards. The front-of-the-house managers assist the general manager in the day-to-day operations of the restaurant and are directly responsible for the supervision of the bar, host, server, runner and busser personnel. The chef supervises and coordinates all back-of-the-house operations, including ensuring that our quality standards are being met and maintaining a safe, efficient and productive work environment.

 

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We believe that the compensation we pay our managers and employees is comparable to that provided by other fine dining steakhouses, and because many of our restaurants are open during dinner hours only, we pay many of our employees hourly wages that exceed those of many of our competitors. We believe that our compensation policies allow us to attract quality personnel and retain them at turnover rates considerably lower than those generally experienced by fine dining restaurants.

 

Quality Control

 

We strive to maintain quality and consistency in our company-owned restaurants through careful training and supervision of personnel and standards established for food and beverage preparation, maintenance of facilities and conduct of personnel. The primary goal of our training and supervision programs is to encourage our employees to display the characteristics of our brand and values that distinguish us from our competitors. Restaurant managers in our company-owned restaurants must complete a training program that is typically seven weeks long, during which they are instructed in multiple areas of restaurant management, including food quality and preparation, customer service, alcoholic beverage service, liquor regulation compliance and employee relations. Restaurant managers also receive operations manuals relating to food and beverage preparation and restaurant operations. We instruct chefs and assistants on safety, sanitation, housekeeping, repair and maintenance, product and service specifications, ordering and receiving food products and quality assurance. General managers provide all other employee training at the restaurants. We require that all restaurant-level employees be certified by us as able to demonstrate knowledge of our standards and our operating philosophy.

 

On a daily basis, the chef, together with our managers, oversees a line check system of quality control and must complete a quality assurance checklist verifying the flavor, presentation and proper temperature of the food. We retain outside consultants to perform quality assessments not less than four times per year of the front-of-the-house operations of company-owned and franchisee-owned restaurants. During these assessments, unidentified two person teams dine in our restaurants and evaluate food quality, customer service and general restaurant operations through alternating weekday and weekend visits. The consultants complete a standard checklist and provide us with a written critique. In addition, our regional vice presidents perform systemwide quality assessments of all aspects of restaurant operations, with a focus on back-of-the-house functions.

 

Marketing and Promotions

 

The goals of our marketing efforts are to increase comparable restaurant sales by attracting new guests, increase the frequency of visits by our current guests, improve brand recognition in new markets or markets where we intend to open a restaurant and to communicate the overall uniqueness, value and quality exemplified by the Ruth’s Chris brand. We use multiple media channels to accomplish these goals, and have recently increased our national advertising through increased television, radio and online marketing. We complement our national advertising with targeted local media such as outdoor and airport directional posters and tourist publications. The primary focus of our advertising is to increase awareness of our brand and our overall reputation for quality and service.

 

Advertising

 

In fiscal 2004 we spent $4.4 million, or 65.9% of our total advertising expenditures, on local media and local events, which was split between local tourist, entertainment and business magazines, outdoor billboards and airport dioramas, local radio and television, Internet media and local community events such as golf tournaments, arts gatherings and charitable organizations. In fiscal 2004, we spent approximately $2.3 million, or 34.1% of our total advertising expenditures, on national media. We advertise nationally on television programming consistent with the demographics of our clientele (e.g., Hannity & Colmes, Hardball with Chris Matthews, Lou Dobbs Tonight, The O’Reilly Factor and other programs, on stations such as CNN, Fox News Channel and MSNBC).

 

Our current “Just Follow the Sizzle” advertising campaign is integrated into all marketing communications. This message is integrated into all marketing communications including television, radio, print and outdoor

 

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advertisement. In addition, we use our website, www.ruthschris.com, to help increase our brand identity and facilitate online reservations and gift card sales. We also use marketing cooperatives that provide us and many of our franchisees with better marketing leverage. Many of our locations also schedule events to strengthen community ties and increase local market presence. Our franchisees also conduct their own local advertising campaigns.

 

Gift Cards

 

We sell Ruth’s Chris gift cards at our restaurants, through our toll-free reservation system and on our website. Our patrons frequently purchase gift cards for holidays, including Christmas, Hanukkah, Valentine’s Day, Mothers’ Day and Fathers’ Day, and other special occasions such as birthdays, graduations and anniversaries. These gift cards have become popular as holiday gifts and among business professionals celebrating promotions. In fiscal 2004, systemwide gift card sales were approximately $26.3 million, representing an 18.4% increase over fiscal 2003. Ruth’s Chris gift cards are redeemable at both company- and franchisee-owned restaurants.

 

Franchisee Program and Relationship

 

Our 47 franchisee-owned restaurants are owned by 16 franchisees, with the three largest franchisees owning eight, four and four restaurants, respectively. Prior to 2004, each franchisee entered into a ten-year franchise agreement with three ten-year renewal options for each restaurant. Each agreement grants the franchisee territorial protection, with the option to develop a certain number of restaurants in their territory. Our franchise agreements generally include termination clauses in the event of nonperformance by the franchisee and non-compete clauses if the agreement is terminated. To date, only one franchisee has had its franchise agreement terminated as a result of nonperformance.

 

Under our franchise program, we offer certain services and licensing rights to the franchisee to help maintain consistency in system-wide operations. Our services include training of personnel, site selection and construction assistance, providing the new franchisee with standardized operations procedures and manuals, business and financial forms, consulting with the new franchisee on purchasing and supplies and performing supervisory quality control services. We conduct reviews of our franchisee-owned restaurants on an ongoing basis, in order to ensure compliance with our standards.

 

Under our new franchise program, each franchise arrangement consists of an area development agreement and a separate franchise agreement for each restaurant. Our new form of area development agreement grants exclusive rights to a franchise to develop a minimum number of restaurants in a defined area, typically during a five year period. Individual franchise agreements govern the operation of each restaurant opened and have a 20-year term with two renewal options each for additional 10-year terms if certain conditions are met. Our new form franchise agreement will require franchisees to pay a 5% royalty on gross revenues plus a 1% advertising fee applied to national advertising expenditures. Under our prior form of franchise agreement, franchisees pay a 5% royalty on gross revenues, of which we have applied 1% to national advertising.

 

Under our new form of area development agreement, we collect a $50,000 development fee for each restaurant the franchisee has rights to develop. Under our new form of the franchise agreement, we collect an additional $50,000 franchise fee at the time of executing the franchise agreement for each restaurant. To date, we have used our new form agreement with one new franchisee and two existing franchisees.

 

Our existing domestic franchisees have options to develop an aggregate of sixteen additional restaurants, if at the time of development they are in operational and financial compliance with our requirements. Our existing franchise agreements signed before 2004 generally limit the number of restaurants each of our franchisees can develop to two. We expanded our domestic franchise base in 2004 by first offering existing franchisees the opportunity to open additional restaurants in their existing territories. In order to obtain these new rights, existing franchisees will be provided a new Uniform Franchise Offering Circular (“UFOC”) and shall be required to sign

 

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our new form of area development and franchise agreement which commits the franchisee to a store development schedule. We also approved the expansion of our existing franchise base by offering additional area development and franchise rights to existing franchisees, one of which was signed in early 2005. New franchise rights will be sold pursuant to the new UFOC and franchise agreement described above, which enables us to better manage the growth of our franchise system. These new franchises will be sold for domestic and international locations that are not efficient for us to manage, and we anticipate opening approximately six franchise restaurants per year over the next several years.

 

Information Systems and Restaurant Reporting

 

All of our restaurants use computerized point-of-sale systems, which are designed to improve operating efficiency, provide corporate management timely access to financial and marketing data and reduce restaurant and corporate administrative time and expense. These systems record each order and print the food requests in the kitchen for the cooks to prepare. The data captured for use by operations and corporate management include gross sales amounts, cash and credit card receipts and quantities of each menu item sold. Sales and receipts information is generally transmitted to the corporate office daily, where it is reviewed and reconciled by the accounting department before being recorded in the accounting system. All restaurants have personal computers and use spreadsheet tools to calculate ideal food cost and compare those costs to actual food costs.

 

Our corporate systems provide management with operating reports that show company-owned restaurant performance comparisons with budget and prior year results. These systems allow us to monitor company-owned restaurant sales, food and beverage costs, labor expense and other restaurant trends on a regular basis.

 

Service Marks and Trademarks

 

We have registered the marks “Ruth’s Chris,” “U.S. Prime,” “Home of Serious Steaks” and our “Ruth’s Chris Steak House, U.S. Prime” logo and other trademarks and service marks used by our restaurants with the United States Patent and Trademark Office and in the four foreign countries in which our restaurants operate. We are not aware of any infringing uses that could materially affect our business. We believe that our trademarks and service marks are valuable to the operation of our restaurants and are important to our marketing strategy.

 

Seasonality

 

Our business is subject to seasonal fluctuations. Historically, the percentage of our annual revenues earned during the first and fourth fiscal quarters have been higher due, in part, to increased restaurant sales during the year-end holiday season.

 

Properties

 

Our company-owned restaurants are generally located in spaces leased by wholly-owned direct or indirect subsidiaries of Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc. Restaurant lease expirations, including renewal options, range from approximately two years to 25 years. Thirty-three of our leases provide for an option to renew for terms ranging from approximately five years to 15 years. Historically, we have not had difficulty in renewing our leases in a timely manner. Restaurant leases provide for a specified annual rent, and some leases call for additional or contingent rent based on sales volumes over specified levels.

 

We currently own the real estate for eight restaurants: New Orleans (7,600 square feet) and Metairie (8,000 square feet), Louisiana; Ft. Lauderdale (7,800 square feet), Palm Beach (7,200 square feet) and Sarasota (7,400 square feet), Florida; Houston, Texas (7,200 square feet); Columbus, Ohio (8,100 square feet); and Palm Desert, California (6,800 square feet).

 

In addition to the restaurants set forth under “Business-Restaurant Locations,” we own a 35,004 square foot, three-story office building in Metairie, Louisiana, a portion of which is used to house our corporate headquarters.

 

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We rent the remainder to another entity. We currently expect to relocate our corporate headquarters to a new facility within the next 24 months.

 

Employees

 

As of March 27, 2005, we had 2,747 employees, of whom 2,491 were hourly restaurant employees, 206 were salaried restaurant employees engaged in administrative and supervisory capacities and 50 were corporate and office personnel. None of our employees is covered by a collective bargaining agreement. We believe that we have good relations with our employees.

 

Government Regulation

 

We are subject to extensive federal, state and local government regulation, including regulations relating to public health and safety, zoning and fire codes and the sale of alcoholic beverages and food. We maintain the necessary restaurant, alcoholic beverage and retail licenses, permits and approvals. The development and construction of additional restaurants will also be subject to compliance with applicable zoning, land use and environmental laws. Federal and state laws govern our relationship with our employees, including laws relating to minimum wage requirements, overtime, tips, tip credits and working conditions. A significant number of our hourly employees are paid at rates related to the Federal minimum wage.

 

The offer and sale of franchises is subject to regulation by the FTC and many states. The FTC requires that we furnish to prospective franchisees a franchise offering circular containing prescribed information. A number of states also regulate the sale of franchises and require state registration of franchise offerings and the delivery of a franchise offering circular to prospective franchisees. Our noncompliance could result in governmental enforcement actions seeking a civil or criminal penalty, rescission of a franchise, and loss of our ability to offer and sell franchises in a state, or a private lawsuit seeking rescission, damages and legal fees.

 

Competition

 

The restaurant business is highly competitive and highly fragmented, and the number, size and strength of our competitors vary widely by region. We believe that restaurant competition is based on, among other things, quality of food products, customer service, reputation, restaurant location, name recognition and price. Our restaurants compete with a number of fine dining steakhouses within their markets, both locally owned restaurants and restaurants within regional or national chains. The principal fine dining steakhouses with which we compete are Fleming’s, The Capital Grille, Smith & Wollensky, The Palm, Del Frisco’s and Morton’s of Chicago. Many of our competitors are better established in certain of our existing markets and/or markets into which we intend to expand.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

We are party to various legal actions arising in the ordinary course of our business. These legal actions cover a wide variety of claims spanning our entire business including disputes with our franchisees, employees or prospective employees and others that arise from time to time in the ordinary course of business. In October 2003 and November 2004, we were named as a defendant in two related actions: Miller v. Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc., in the Superior Court of California in Orange County; and Harrington v. Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc., in the Superior Court of California in Los Angeles County. In each case, the plaintiffs sought to certify a class of former and current California hourly wage employees alleging that we engaged in unlawful conduct by failing to comply with meal and rest period requirements in violation of the California Labor Code. The parties in both cases mediated the disputes in March 2005 and have negotiated a “Memorandum of Understanding” outlining the terms of a $1.625 million global settlement of all pending claims, which is awaiting approval by the respective courts. We have accrued a reserve as of December 26, 2004 that is adequate to cover amounts in the settlement agreement net of $0.3 million of insurance proceeds. We believe our restaurants in California, and in states with similar laws, are now complying with meal and rest period requirements. There are currently no other material legal proceedings against us.

 

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MANAGEMENT

 

Directors, Executive Officers and Key Employees

 

Set forth below are the name, age, position and a brief account of the business experience of each of our directors, executive officers and key employees as of March 27, 2005.

 

Name


   Age

  

Position


Craig S. Miller

   55    President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Geoffrey D. K. Stiles

   51    Executive Vice President, Operations and Chief Operating Officer

Anthony M. Lavely

   62    Senior Vice President, Marketing and Business Development

Thomas J. Pennison, Jr.

   37    Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer

David L. Cattell

   55    Vice President, Development and Construction and Chief Development Officer

James G. Cannon

   43    Vice President, Culinary Operations

Daniel H. Hannah

   57    Vice President, New Business Development

Dione M. Heusel

   43    Vice President, Human Resources

Thomas E. O’Keefe

   44    Vice President and General Counsel

Robin P. Selati

   39    Chairman of the Board

Carla R. Cooper

   54    Director

Alan Vituli

   63    Director

 

Craig S. Miller has served as our President and Chief Executive Officer and as a member of our board of directors since March 2004. Prior to that, from October 2002 to March 2004, Mr. Miller was the founder and Chairman of Miller Partners Restaurant Solutions, Inc. From October 2001 to October 2002, Mr. Miller served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Furr’s Restaurant Group. In January 2003, Furr’s Restaurant Group filed for bankruptcy protection under chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. From October 1996 to October 2001, Mr. Miller served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Uno Restaurant Corporation. Prior to October 1996, Mr. Miller held various executive level positions with Uno Restaurant Corporation. Mr. Miller is a member of the Board of the National Restaurant Association (the “Association”), as well as a member of the Board of Trustees for the Association’s Educational Foundation. Mr. Miller will become Chairman of the Association in May 2005.

 

Geoffrey D. K. Stiles has served as our Executive Vice President, Operations and Chief Operating Officer since November 2003. From April 2003 to November 2003, Mr. Stiles was employed as a consultant by one of our franchisees. Mr. Stiles previously served as our Director of Operations from January 2001 to April 2003. Prior to joining us, Mr. Stiles served in executive and senior management positions at several restaurant groups, including Capitol Restaurant Concepts, Inc., Bertolini’s Restaurants Inc., Romano’s Macaroni Grill and the Olive Garden.

 

Anthony M. Lavely has served as our Senior Vice President, Marketing and Business Development since August 2004. From March 1996 to August 2004, Mr. Lavely served as President of Odyssey Management. Prior to March 1996, Mr. Lavely served in executive and senior management positions (with responsibilities for marketing and product development) at Burger King, Long John Silver’s and Domino’s Pizza.

 

Thomas J. Pennison, Jr. has served as our Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer since April 2004. From February 1998 to April 2004, Mr. Pennison served as our Vice President, Finance. From October 1996 to January 1998, Mr. Pennison served as our Director of Finance. From April 1994 to October 1996, Mr. Pennison served as Assistant Corporate Controller of Casino Magic Corp., with primary responsibilities for corporate finance and SEC reporting. From January 1991 to April 1994, Mr. Pennison was at the public accounting firm KPMG LLP.

 

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David L. Cattell has served as our Vice President, Development and Construction and Chief Development Officer since September 2004. From January 2000 to January 2004, Mr. Cattell served as Vice President of Restaurant Development at Metromedia Restaurant Group. From 1981 to 1995, Mr. Cattell directed and managed real estate, construction, architecture and engineering functions for Kentucky Fried Chicken as Vice President of Restaurant Development.

 

James G. Cannon has served as our Vice President, Culinary Operations since June 2002 and served as our Director of Culinary Operations from June 1999 to June 2002. From September 1995 to November 1998, Mr. Cannon served as Vice President of Research and Development for Houlihan’s Restaurant Group. Mr. Cannon is a graduate of the California Culinary Academy and has served as a Chef at several restaurants, including the Conservatory—a four-star restaurant in Dallas, Texas and The French Room in the Adolphus Hotel in Dallas, Texas.

 

Daniel H. Hannah has served as our Vice President, New Business Development since June 2004. From November 2002 to October 2003, Mr. Hannah served as Vice President of Franchise Operations for Famous Dave’s of America. From August 2001 to September 2002, Mr. Hannah served as the Vice President, Franchise Division of Al Copeland’s Investments, Inc. Prior to that, Mr. Hannah served in various capacities with Copeland’s, Uno Restaurant Corporation, Bistro Management Group and Carlson Restaurants Worldwide.

 

Dione M. Heusel has served as our Vice President, Human Resources since July 2004. From October 2000 to May 2004, Ms. Heusel served as Director of Human Resources for Saks Fifth Avenue. From August 1998 to July 2000, Ms. Heusel served as Regional Director of Human Resources for Sydran Services, LLC and from 1991 to 1998 Ms. Heusel served as the Director of Diversity and Employee Relations for Ruby Tuesday, Inc.

 

Thomas E. O’Keefe has served as our Vice President and General Counsel since March 2005. From October 2003 to March 2005, Mr. O’Keefe was engaged in the private practice of law as a sole practitioner practicing in the areas of franchise, product distribution, antitrust and general corporate law. From August 1993 to September 2003, Mr. O’Keefe was Vice President and General Counsel to G.C. & K. B. Investments, Inc. d/b/a “SpeeDee Oil Change & Tune-Up,” an international franchisor of automobile service centers. From 1991 to 1993, Mr. O’Keefe served as Corporate Counsel to AFCE, Inc. d/b/a “Popeyes and Church’s Chicken,” an international franchisor of quick-service restaurants.

 

Robin P. Selati has served as a member of our board of directors since September 1999. Mr. Selati is a Managing Director of Madison Dearborn and joined the firm in 1993. Before 1993, Mr. Selati was with Alex. Brown & Sons Incorporated. Mr. Selati currently serves on the Board of Directors of Beverages & More, Inc., Carrols Holdings Corporation, Cinemark, Inc., Family Christian Stores, Inc., NWL Holdings, Inc., Peter Piper, Inc., Pierre Foods, Inc. and Tuesday Morning Corporation.

 

Carla R. Cooper has served as a member of our board of directors since December 2003. Since November 2003, Ms. Cooper has served as Senior Vice President of Quaker, Tropicana and Gatorade Sales for PepsiCo, Inc. From February 2001 to October 2003, Ms. Cooper served as President of Kellogg Company’s Natural and Frozen Foods Division. From February 2000 to February 2001, Ms. Cooper was Senior Vice President and General Manager of Foodservice for Kellogg Company. From June 1988 to November 2000, Ms. Cooper was employed in various positions with Coca-Cola USA, including as Vice President, Customer Marketing.

 

Alan Vituli has served as a member of our board of directors since December 2003. Mr. Vituli has served as Chairman of the Board of Directors of Carrols Holdings Corporation, an affiliate of Madison Dearborn, since 1986 and as Chief Executive Officer of Carrols Holdings Corporation since 1992.

 

Family Relationships

 

There are no family relationships between any of our executive officers or directors.

 

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Board Composition

 

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation, which will be in effect prior to the completion of this offering, will provide that our board of directors shall consist of such number of directors as determined from time to time by resolution adopted by a majority of the total number of directors then in office. Initially, our board of directors will consist of five members. Any additional directorships resulting from an increase in the number of directors may only be filled by the directors then in office. The term of office for each director will be until his successor is elected and qualified or until his earlier death, resignation or removal. Shareholders will elect directors each year at our annual meeting.

 

Our current board of directors consists of four members. Our board of directors has determined that all of our current directors, with the exception of Mr. Miller, satisfy the “independence” requirements of the Nasdaq Stock Market.

 

Board Committees

 

Our board currently has an audit committee and a compensation committee. Prior to the completion of this offering, our board of directors will establish a nominating and corporate governance committee. The composition, duties and responsibilities of these committees are set forth below. Committee members will hold office for a term of one year. In the future, our board may establish other committees, as it deems appropriate, to assist it with its responsibilities.

 

Audit Committee. The audit committee is responsible for (1) selecting the independent auditors, (2) approving the overall scope of the audit, (3) assisting the board in monitoring the integrity of our financial statements, the independent accountant’s qualifications and independence, the performance of the independent accountants and our internal audit function and our compliance with legal and regulatory requirements, (4) annually reviewing an independent auditors’ report describing the auditing firms’ internal quality-control procedures, any material issues raised by the most recent internal quality-control review, or peer review, of the auditing firm, (5) discussing the annual audited financial and quarterly statements with management and the independent auditor, (6) discussing earnings press release, as well as financial information and earnings guidance provided to analysts and rating agencies, (7) discussing policies with respect to risk assessment and risk management, (8) meeting separately, periodically, with management and the independent auditor, (9) reviewing with the independent auditor any audit problems or difficulties and management’s response, (10) setting clear hiring policies for employees or former employees of the independent auditors, (11) handling such other matters that are specifically delegated to the audit committee by the board of directors from time to time and (12) reporting regularly to the full board of directors.

 

Upon completion of this offering, our audit committee will consist of Mr. Vituli, as chairman, Ms. Cooper and another member yet to be determined, each of whom will satisfy the audit committee independence requirements of the Nasdaq Stock Market. Our board of directors has determined that Mr. Vituli will qualify as an “audit committee financial expert,” as such term is defined in Item 401(h) of Regulation S-K. Prior to the completion of this offering, our board of directors will adopt a written charter for the audit committee, which will be available on our website.

 

Compensation Committee. The compensation committee is responsible for (1) reviewing key employee compensation goals, policies, plans and programs, (2) reviewing and approving the compensation of our directors, chief executive officer and other executive officers, (3) reviewing and approving employment contracts and other similar arrangements between us and our executive officers, (4) reviewing and consulting with the board on the selection of the chief executive officer and evaluation of such officer’s executive performance and other related matters, (5) administration of stock plans and other incentive compensation plans, (6) approving overall compensation policies for the entire company and (7) such other matters that are specifically delegated to the compensation committee by the board of directors from time to time. Our compensation committee currently consists of Mr. Selati, as chairman, and Ms. Cooper, each of whom will satisfy the independence requirements of the Nasdaq Stock Market.

 

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Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. Our corporate governance and nominating committee’s purpose will be to assist our board by identifying individuals qualified to become members of our board of directors consistent with criteria set by our board and to develop our corporate governance principles. This committee’s responsibilities will include: (1) evaluating the composition, size and governance of our board of directors and its committees and make recommendations regarding future planning and the appointment of directors to our committees, (2) establishing a policy for considering stockholder nominees for election to our board of directors, (3) evaluating and recommending candidates for election to our board of directors, (4) overseeing our board of directors performance and self-evaluation process and developing continuing education programs for our directors, (5) reviewing our corporate governance principles and policies and providing recommendations to the board regarding possible changes, and (6) reviewing and monitoring compliance with our code of ethics and our insider trading policy. Upon completion of this offering, our corporate governance and nominating committee will consist of                    .

 

Other Committees. Our board of directors may establish other committees as it deems necessary or appropriate from time to time.

 

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation

 

No member of our compensation committee is currently an officer or employee of our company. There is no interlocking relationship between any of our executive officers and compensation committee, on the one hand, and the executive officers and compensation committee of any other companies, on the other hand, nor has any such interlocking relationship existed in the past.

 

Director Compensation

 

It is anticipated that upon the closing of this offering, directors who are also our employees will receive no compensation for serving as directors. Non-employee directors will receive $             for each in-person board or committee meeting attended and $             for each telephonic board or committee meeting. Independent directors will also receive an annual fee in the amount of $            . We also expect to reimburse all directors for reasonable out-of-pocket expenses they incur in connection with their service as directors. Our directors will also be eligible to receive stock options and other equity-based awards when, as and if determined by the compensation committee pursuant to the terms of the 2005 Long-Term Equity Incentive Plan. See “—2005 Long-Term Equity Incentive Plan.”

 

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Executive Compensation

 

The following table sets forth the compensation for our President and Chief Executive Officer and our next four most highly compensated executive officers (who we refer to collectively as the “named executive officers” in this prospectus) during the year ended December 26, 2004.

 

    Annual Compensation

    Long-Term Compensation

  All Other
Compensation


    Year

  Salary

  Bonus

  Other Annual
Compensation(1)


    Restricted
Stock
Awards


  Securities
Underlying
Options


 

Name and Principal Position

                                         

Craig S. Miller(2)
President and Chief Executive Officer

  2004   $ 300,000   $ 155,385   $ 71,386 (3)   $   $   $

Geoffrey D. K. Stiles
Executive Vice President, Operations and Chief Operating Officer

  2004   $ 250,000   $ 111,100   $     $   $   $

Thomas J. Pennison, Jr.
Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer

  2004   $ 154,807   $ 60,309   $     $   $   $

James G. Cannon
Vice President, Culinary Operations

  2004   $ 152,337   $ 53,882   $ 31,281 (4)   $   $   $

Daniel H. Hannah(5)
Vice President, New Business Development

  2004   $ 67,307   $ 24,745   $ 60,777 (6)   $   $   $

(1)   Includes compensation paid for automobile allowance, relocation expenses and payments toward life and health insurance.
(2)   Mr. Miller joined us in March 2004. Amounts shown in this table reflect compensation earned between the date of hire and December 31, 2004.
(3)   Consists of relocation expenses of $62,639.12, COBRA insurance payments of $2,447.07 and an auto allowance payment of $6,300.06.
(4)   Consists of relocation expenses of $25,757.97, life insurance payments of $122.65 and an auto allowance payment of $5,400.20.
(5)   Mr. Hannah joined us in June 2004. Amounts shown in this table reflect compensation earned between the date of hire and December 31, 2004.
(6)   Consists of relocation expenses of $55,926.88, COBRA insurance payments of $1,965.69 and an auto allowance of $2,884.63.

 

Option Grants

 

No stock options were granted to the named executive officers during fiscal 2004.

 

Option Exercises and Year End Values

 

The following table shows information concerning the number and value of unexercised options held by each of our named executive officers at December 26, 2004. The fiscal year-end value of unexercised in-the-money options listed below has been calculated based on the initial public offering price of $             per share, the midpoint of the range set forth on the cover of this prospectus, less the applicable exercise price per share, multiplied by the number of shares underlying such options.

 

           

Number of Unexercised
Options at

December 26, 2004


 

Value of Unexercised

In-the-Money

Options at December 26, 2004


Name


  Shares
Acquired
On Exercise


  Value
Realized


   
      Exercisable

  Unexercisable

  Exercisable

  Unexercisable

Craig S. Miller

          $   $

Geoffrey D. K. Stiles

          $   $

Thomas J. Pennison, Jr

      400   100   $            $         

James G. Cannon.

      500   125   $     $  

Daniel H. Hannah

          $   $

 

Employment Agreements

 

In June 2004, we and Craig Miller signed a letter of understanding outlining the terms by which Mr. Miller would serve as our President and Chief Executive Officer and a member of our board of directors. Mr. Miller’s

 

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current annual salary is $400,000. In addition, Mr. Miller may receive an annual bonus, based upon the satisfaction of certain financial performance criteria determined by our board of directors, of up to 112.5% of his annual base salary. Mr. Miller was entitled to receive a minimum bonus of $100,000 for fiscal year 2004. In May 2004, Mr. Miller also purchased 31,115 shares of our common stock, equal to 4.5% of our fully diluted common stock for a price of $0.05 per share pursuant to our 2004 Restricted Stock Plan, which common stock vested in part upon purchase and otherwise vests on a daily basis over the first five years of Mr. Miller’s employment. If Mr. Miller’s employment is terminated by us without “cause,” or by Mr. Miller for “good reason” (as those terms are defined in his agreement) during the employment term, then Mr. Miller will be entitled to continue to receive his base salary for twelve months after the date of such termination. Mr. Miller has agreed not to compete with us or solicit any of our employees or persons with whom we have certain business relationships for twenty-four months following his termination, if Mr. Miller’s employment is terminated by us without “cause” or by Mr. Miller for “good reason” (as those terms are defined in his agreement), or for twelve months in all other cases.

 

In October 2003, we and Geoffrey Stiles entered into an employment agreement under which Mr. Stiles will serve as our Executive Vice President. The agreement carries a three year term, expiring November 3, 2006. Mr. Stiles’ current annual salary is $250,000, subject to annual reviews, salary adjustments and incentive plans as determined by our board of directors. In May 2004, Mr. Stiles also purchased 6,914 shares of our common stock, equal to 1.0% of our fully diluted common stock for a price of $0.05 per share pursuant to our 2004 Restricted Stock Plan, which common stock vested in part upon purchase and otherwise vests on a daily basis over the first five years of Mr. Stiles’ employment. If Mr. Stiles’ employment agreement is terminated by us without “good faith and sufficient cause” (as those terms are defined in his agreement) during his employment term, then Mr. Stiles will be entitled to receive severance payments for twelve months after the date of his termination at his salary rate at the time of his termination.

 

2004 Restricted Stock Plan

 

The 2004 Restricted Stock Plan provides for the grant of up to 56,257 shares of restricted stock to our officers, directors and employees and other persons who provide services to us, all of which were issued during 2004. This plan is administered by a committee of our board of directors, and, in the committee’s absence, by our board of directors. This plan provides for the grant of shares of our common stock that may not be sold or disposed of, and that may be forfeited in the event of certain terminations of employment, prior to the end of a restricted period set forth in each restricted stock agreement as determined by our board of directors. Other than the foregoing, participants generally have all of the rights of a stockholder, unless the board determines otherwise. Each restricted stock agreement sets forth a vesting schedule, over which time the shares will vest in the holder thereof, and no longer be subject to the restrictions contained in the restricted stock agreement (other than a right of first refusal of the company in the case of a proposed transfer and a drag along right of the company in a proposed sale of the company approved by our board or a majority of our stockholders). The plan provides that shares of restricted stock not yet vested will vest upon a change in control. Upon a termination of employment, the company, and to the extent not exercised by the company, certain of our stockholders, have the right to acquire shares that have vested pursuant to this plan. All shares of restricted stock were granted at the fair market value of our common stock, as determined by our board of directors, on the date of grant.

 

2000 Stock Option Plan

 

The 2000 Stock Option Plan provides for the grant of nonqualified stock options to our directors, officers and employees and other persons who provide services to us. A total of 85,096.195 shares of common stock are reserved for issuance under this plan. As of March 27, 2005, we have granted options to purchase 59,866 shares of common stock under this plan. These options vest ratably over a five year period pro rata on a daily basis. Options granted under the 2000 Stock Option Plan are generally not transferable by the optionee, and must be exercised within 30 days after the end of an optionee’s status as an employee, director or consultant of ours (other than a termination by us for cause, as defined in the 2000 Stock Option Plan), within 180 days after such optionee’s termination by death or disability, or within 90 days after such optionee’s retirement, but in no event later than the expiration of the option term. All options were granted at or above the fair market value of our

 

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common stock, as determined by our board of directors, on the date of grant. The term of all options granted under the 2000 Stock Option Plan may not exceed ten years. We anticipate that all future option grants will be made under our 2005 Long-Term Equity Incentive Plan, discussed below, and we do not intend to issue any further options under this plan.

 

2005 Long-Term Equity Incentive Plan

 

Prior to the closing of this offering, we intend to adopt the Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc. 2005 Long-Term Equity Incentive Plan. The equity incentive plan provides for grants of stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, deferred stock units and other equity-based awards. Directors, officers and other employees of Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc., as well as others performing services for us, will be eligible for grants under the plan. The purpose of the equity incentive plan is to provide these individuals with incentives to maximize stockholder value and otherwise contribute to our success and to enable us to attract, retain and reward the best available persons for positions of responsibility.

 

A total of              shares of our common stock, representing, together with all outstanding options under the 2000 stock option plan, approximately         % of our outstanding common stock after the offering, will be available for issuance under the equity incentive plan. This amount will automatically increase on the first day of each fiscal year beginning in 2006 and ending in 2015 by the lesser of: (i) 2% of the shares of common stock outstanding on the last day of the immediately preceding fiscal year or (ii) such lesser number of shares as determined by the compensation committee of our board of directors. The number of shares available for issuance under the equity incentive plan is subject to adjustment in the event of a reorganization, stock split, merger or similar change in the corporate structure or the outstanding shares of common stock. In the event of any of these occurrences, we may make any adjustments we consider appropriate to, among other things, the number and kind of shares, options or other property available for issuance under the plan or covered by grants previously made under the plan. The shares available for issuance under the plan may be, in whole or in part, authorized and unissued or held as treasury shares.

 

The compensation committee of our board of directors will administer the equity incentive plan. Our board also has the authority to administer the plan and to take all actions that the compensation committee is otherwise authorized to take under the plan. We anticipate that in connection with the offering, we will grant options to purchase an aggregate of approximately              shares of our common stock to approximately              employees and              directors. All of these options will have an exercise price equal to the initial public offering price of the common stock in this offering, and will be subject to pro rata vesting over a four-year period.

 

The following is a summary of the material terms of the equity incentive plan, but does not include all of the provisions of the plan. For further information about the plan, we refer you to the equity incentive plan, which we have filed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part.

 

Eligibility. Our directors, officers and employees, as well as other individuals performing services for us, or to whom we have extended an offer of employment, will be eligible to receive grants under the equity incentive plan. However, only employees may receive grants of incentive stock options. In each case, the compensation committee will select the actual grantees.

 

Stock Options. Under the equity incentive plan, the compensation committee or the board may award grants of incentive stock options conforming to the provisions of Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code, and other, non-qualified stock options. The compensation committee may not, however, award to any one person in any calendar year options to purchase more than              shares of common stock, and it may not award incentive stock options first exercisable in any calendar year whose underlying shares have a fair market value greater than $100,000, determined at the time of grant.

 

The exercise price of an option granted under the plan may not be less than 100% of the fair market value of a share of common stock on the date of grant, and the exercise price of an incentive stock option awarded to a

 

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person who owns stock constituting more than 10% of the company’s voting power may not be less than 110% of such fair market value on such date.

 

Unless the compensation committee determines otherwise, the exercise price of any option may be paid in any of the following ways:

 

    in cash,

 

    by delivery of shares of common stock with a fair market value equal to the exercise price, and/or

 

    by simultaneous sale through a broker of shares of common stock acquired upon exercise.

 

If a participant elects to deliver shares of common stock in payment of any part of an option’s exercise price, the compensation committee may in its discretion grant the participant a “reload option.” The reload option entitles its holder to purchase a number of shares of common stock equal to the number so delivered. The reload option may also include, if the compensation committee chooses, the right to purchase a number of shares of common stock equal to the number delivered or withheld in satisfaction of any of the company’s tax withholding requirements in connection with the exercise of the original option. The terms of each reload option will be the same as those of the original exercised option, except that the grant date will be the date of exercise of the original option, and the exercise price will be the fair market value of the common stock on the date of exercise.

 

The compensation committee will determine the term of each option in its discretion. However, no term may exceed ten years from the date of grant or, in the case of an incentive stock option granted to a person who owns stock constituting more than 10% of the voting power of the company, five years from the date of grant. In addition, all options under the equity incentive plan, whether or not then exercisable, generally cease vesting when a grantee ceases to be a director, officer or employee of, or to otherwise perform services for, us. Options generally expire 30 days after the date of cessation of service, so long as the grantee does not compete with the company during the 30-day period.

 

There are, however, exceptions depending upon the circumstances of cessation. In the case of a grantee’s death or disability, all options will become fully vested and exercisable and remain so for up to 180 days after the date of death or disability. In the event of retirement, a grantee’s vested options will remain exercisable for up to 90 days after the date of retirement, while his or her unvested options may become fully vested and exercisable in the discretion of the compensation committee. In each of the foregoing circumstances, the board or compensation committee may elect to further extend the applicable exercise period in its discretion. Upon termination for cause, all options will terminate immediately. If we undergo a change in control and a grantee is terminated from service within one year thereafter, all options will become fully vested and exercisable and remain so for up to one year after the date of termination. In addition, the compensation committee has the authority to grant options that will become fully vested and exercisable automatically upon a change in control of the company, whether or not the grantee is subsequently terminated.

 

Restricted Stock. Under the equity incentive plan, the compensation committee may award restricted stock subject to the conditions and restrictions, and for the duration, which will generally be a least six months, that it determines in its discretion. Unless the compensation committee determines otherwise, all restrictions on a grantee’s restricted stock will lapse when the grantee ceases to be a director, officer or employee of, or to otherwise perform services for, the company, if the cessation occurs due to a termination within one year after a change in control of the company or due to death, disability or, in the discretion of the compensation committee, retirement. In addition, the compensation committee has the authority to award shares of restricted stock with respect to which all restrictions shall lapse automatically upon a change in control of the company, whether or not the grantee is subsequently terminated. If termination of employment or service occurs for any other reason, all of a grantee’s restricted stock as to which the applicable restrictions have not lapsed will be forfeited immediately.

 

Restricted Stock Units; Deferred Stock Units. Under the equity incentive plan, the compensation committee may award restricted stock units subject to the conditions and restrictions, and for the duration, which will

 

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generally be at least six months, that it determines in its discretion. Each restricted stock unit is equivalent in value to one share of common stock and entitles the grantee to receive one share of common stock for each restricted stock unit at the end of the vesting period applicable to such restricted stock unit. Unless the compensation committee determines otherwise, all restrictions on a grantee’s restricted stock units will lapse when the grantee ceases to be a director, officer or employee of, or otherwise perform services for, the company, if the cessation occurs due to a termination within one year after a change in control of the company or due to death, disability or, in the discretion of the compensation committee, retirement. In addition, the compensation committee has the authority to award restricted stock units with respect to which all restrictions shall lapse automatically upon a change in control of the company, whether or not the grantee is subsequently terminated. If termination of employment or service occurs for any other reason, all of a grantee’s restricted stock units as to which the applicable restrictions have not lapsed will be forfeited immediately.

 

Prior to the later of (1) the close of the tax year preceding the year in which restricted stock units are granted or (2) 30 days of first becoming eligible to participate in the plan (or, if earlier, the last day of the tax year in which the participant first becomes eligible to participate in the plan) and on or prior to the date the restricted stock units are granted, a grantee may elect to defer the receipt of all or a portion of the shares due with respect to the restricted stock units and convert such restricted stock units into deferred stock units. Subject to specified exceptions, the grantee will receive shares in respect of such deferred stock units at the end of the deferral period.

 

Performance Awards. Under the equity incentive plan, the compensation committee may grant performance awards contingent upon achievement by the company or divisions of set goals and objectives regarding specified performance criteria, such as, for example, return on equity, over a specified performance cycle, as designated by the compensation committee. Performance awards may include specific dollar-value target awards, performance units, the value of which is established by the compensation committee at the time of grant, and/or performance shares, the value of which is equal to the fair market value of a share of common stock on the date of grant. The value of a performance award may be fixed or fluctuate on the basis of specified performance criteria. A performance award may be paid out in cash and/or shares of our common stock or other securities.

 

Unless the compensation committee determines otherwise, if a grantee ceases to be a director, officer or employee of, or to otherwise perform services for, the company prior to completion of a performance cycle, due to death, disability or retirement, the grantee will receive the portion of the performance award payable to him or her based on achievement of the applicable performance criteria over the elapsed portion of the performance cycle. If termination of employment or service occurs for any other reason prior to completion of a performance cycle, the grantee will become ineligible to receive any portion of a performance award. If we undergo a change in control, a grantee will earn no less than the portion of the performance award that he or she would have earned if the applicable performance cycle had terminated as of the date of the change of control.

 

Vesting, Withholding Taxes and Transferability of All Awards. The terms and conditions of each award made under the equity incentive plan, including vesting requirements, will be set forth consistent with the plan in a written agreement with the grantee. Except in limited circumstances, no award under the equity incentive plan may vest and become exercisable within six moths of the date of grant, unless the compensation committee determines otherwise.

 

Unless the compensation committee determines otherwise, a participant may elect to deliver shares of common stock, or to have us withhold shares of common stock otherwise issuable upon exercise of an option or upon grant or vesting of restricted stock or a restricted stock unit, in order to satisfy our withholding obligations in connection with any such exercise, grant or vesting.

 

Unless the compensation committee determines otherwise, no award made under the equity incentive plan will be transferable other than by will or the laws of descent and distribution or to a grantee’s family member by gift or a qualified domestic relations order, and each award may be exercised only by the grantee, his or her qualified family member transferee, or any of their respective executors, administrators, guardians, or legal representatives.

 

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Amendment and Termination of the Equity Incentive Plan. The board may amend or terminate the equity incentive plan in its discretion, except that no amendment will become effective without prior approval of our stockholders if any approval is necessary for continued compliance with applicable stock exchange listing requirements. Furthermore, any termination may not materially and adversely affect any outstanding rights or obligations under the equity incentive plan without the affected participant’s consent. If not previously terminated by the board, the equity incentive plan will terminate on the tenth anniversary of its adoption.

 

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PRINCIPAL AND SELLING STOCKHOLDERS

 

The following table shows information regarding the beneficial ownership of our common stock as of March 27, 2005 and the anticipated beneficial ownership of our common stock following this offering by:

 

    each person known by us to own beneficially 5% or more of our outstanding common stock;

 

    each of our directors;

 

    each of our named executive officers; and

 

    all of our directors and executive officers as a group.

 

As of March 27, 2005, there were outstanding 556,257 shares of our Class A common stock and no shares of our Class B common stock. After giving effect to the Recapitalization and this offering, there would have been              shares of our common stock outstanding.

 

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC, and generally includes voting power and/or investment power with respect to the securities held. Shares of common stock subject to options or warrants currently exercisable or exercisable within 60 days of March 27, 2005 are deemed outstanding and beneficially owned by the person holding such options or warrants for the purposes of computing the number of shares and percentage beneficially owned by such person, but are not deemed outstanding for purposes of computing the percentage beneficially owned by any other person. Except as indicated in the footnotes to this table, and subject to applicable community property laws, the persons or entities named have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of our common stock shown as beneficially owned by them.

 

    Shares Beneficially
Owned Before
this Offering


    Shares to be
Sold in this
Offering
Assuming No
Exercise of
Over-allotment
Option


  Shares to be
Sold in this
Offering
Assuming
Full Exercise
of Over-
allotment
Option


 

Shares Beneficially
Owned After

this Offering
Assuming No Exercise
of Over-allotment
Option


  Shares Beneficially
Owned After
this Offering
Assuming Full
Exercise of Over-
allotment Option


Name of Beneficial Owner


  Number

  %

    Number

  Number

  Number

  %

  Number

  %

Five Percent Stockholders:

                                 

Madison Dearborn(1)

  441,198   79.3 %                        

William L. Hyde, Jr.(2)

  53,420   9.2                          

Wachovia Investors, Inc.(3)

  41,133   6.9                          

The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc.(4)

  30,850   5.3                          

Directors and Executive Officers:

                                 

Craig S. Miller(5)

  6,291   1.1                          

Thomas J. Pennison Jr.(6)

  1,637   *                          

Geoffrey D. K. Stiles(7)

  1,137   *                          

Robin P. Selati(8)

  441,198   79.3                          

James G. Cannon(9)

  806   *                          

Daniel H. Hannah

                             

Carla R. Cooper(10)

  181   *                          

Alan Vituli(11)

  181   *                          

All directors and executive officers as a group (9 persons)(12)

  451,322   81.1                          

Other Selling Stockholders:

                                 
                                   

*   Less than 1%
(1)   Includes 430,240 shares held directly by Madison Dearborn Capital Partners III, L.P. (“MDCP”), 9,553 shares held directly by Madison Dearborn Special Equity III, L.P. (“MDSE”) and 1,405 shares held directly by Special Advisors Fund I, LLC (“SAF”). The shares held by MDCP, MDSE and SAF may be deemed to be beneficially owned by Madison Dearborn Partners III, L.P. (“MDP III”), the general partner of MDCP and MDSE and the manager of SAF, by Madison Dearborn Partners, LLC, the general partner of MDP III, and by a committee of limited partners of MDP III. The address for the Madison Dearborn entities is Three First National Plaza, Suite 3800, Chicago, IL 60602.

 

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(2)   Includes 24,345 shares held directly by Mr. Hyde and options to purchase 29,076 additional shares.
(3)   Wachovia Investors, Inc. is an affiliate of Wachovia Capital Markets, LLC, an underwriter in this offering. Amount consists of currently exercisable warrants to purchase 41,133 shares of our Class B common stock, which is convertible into 41,133 shares of common stock.
(4)   Represents currently exercisable warrants to purchase an aggregate 30,850 shares of Class A common stock that are owned by certain investment funds affiliated with The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc., consisting of warrants to purchase 20,072 shares of Class A common stock held directly by GS Mezzanine Partners, LP and warrants to purchase 10,778 shares of our Class A common stock held directly by GS Mezzanine Partners Offshore, LP. Affiliates of Goldman, Sachs & Co. and The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. are the general partner, managing partner or managing general partner of each of the investment funds named above, and Goldman, Sachs & Co. is the investment manager of each of such investment funds. Each of The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. and Goldman, Sachs & Co. disclaims beneficial ownership of the shares owned by such investment funds except to the extent of their pecuniary interest therein. The address of The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. is 85 Broad Street, New York, New York 10004.
(5)   Does not include 24,824 shares of restricted stock that will not have vested within 60 days of March 27, 2005.
(6)   Does not include 5,777 shares of restricted stock that will not have vested within 60 days of March 27, 2005.
(7)   Does not include 5,777 shares of restricted stock that will not have vested within 60 days of March 27, 2005.
(8)   All of such shares are held by affiliates of Madison Dearborn as reported in Footnote 1 above. Mr. Selati is a Managing Director of Madison Dearborn, and therefore may be deemed to share voting and investment power over the shares owned by these entities, and therefore to beneficially own such shares. Mr. Selati disclaims beneficial ownership of all such shares. The address for Mr. Selati is c/o Madison Dearborn Partners, LLC, Three First National Plaza, Suite 3800, Chicago, IL 60602.
(9)   Does not include 919 shares of restricted stock that will not have vested within 60 days of March 27, 2005.
(10)   Does not include 919 shares of restricted stock that will not have vested within 60 days of March 27, 2005.
(11)   Does not include 919 shares of restricted stock that will not have vested within 60 days of March 27, 2005.
(12)   Does not include 46,133 shares of restricted stock that will not have vested within 60 days of March 27, 2005.

 

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CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS

 

Redemption of Junior Preferred Stock

 

We intend to use a portion of the net proceeds from this offering to redeem our outstanding Junior Preferred Stock. Affiliates of Madison Dearborn owned 65,405.35 shares, or approximately 88.2%, of our Junior Preferred Stock as of March 27, 2005.

 

The redemption price for each share of Junior Preferred Stock will be equal to the liquidation value of the Junior Preferred Stock of $1,000 per share. All of the shares of Junior Preferred Stock being redeemed by us were initially sold to the holders thereof at a price of $1,000 per share. In the aggregate, we expect that affiliates of Madison Dearborn will receive approximately $65.4 million of the net proceeds from this offering in connection with the redemption of our Junior Preferred Stock.

 

Shareholders Agreement

 

In connection with Madison Dearborn’s acquisition of our company in 1999, we, Madison Dearborn, Wachovia Investors, Inc., GS Mezzanine Partners, LP, GS Mezzanine Partners Offshore, LP, Ruth U. Fertel, William L. Hyde, Jr. and the Randy J. Fertel Trust entered into a shareholders agreement. This agreement provides that, prior to an initial public offering of our common stock, if our board of directors and holders of a majority of our common stock then outstanding approve a sale of all or substantially all of our assets or common stock, each party to the shareholders agreement will vote to approve such sale, or otherwise take all actions necessary in connection with such approved sale. Subject to certain exceptions, prior to an initial public offering of our common stock, management investors are not permitted to transfer their shares and we have a right of first refusal to purchase shares proposed to be sold by investors other than Madison Dearborn. Subject to certain exceptions, the shareholders agreement grants investors other than Madison Dearborn certain “tag-along” rights which entitle these shareholders to participate in certain sales of shares prior to the initial public offering of common stock by Madison Dearborn to third parties (if Madison Dearborn sells more than 25% of its equity interests in our company). Wachovia Investors, Inc. is an affiliate of Wachovia Capital Markets, LLC and GS Mezzanine Partners, LP and GS Mezzanine Partners Offshore, LP (together, the “Goldman Funds”) are affiliates of Goldman, Sachs & Co.

 

Registration Agreement

 

In connection with Madison Dearborn’s acquisition of the company in 1999, we, Madison Dearborn, Wachovia Investors, Inc., the Goldman Funds, Ruth U. Fertel, William L. Hyde, Jr. and the Randy J. Fertel Trust entered into a registration agreement. After 180 days following this offering, investors holding more than 40% of our outstanding equity will have the right to demand one registration of their shares of common stock, for which we agreed to pay all expenses. These investors are also entitled to certain piggyback rights if we choose to register our common stock in a public offering, subject to certain volume limitations in the case of an underwritten offering. The selling stockholders in this offering are selling their shares pursuant to the piggyback registration rights granted pursuant to this registration agreement.

 

Transaction and Merger Agreement

 

In connection with Madison Dearborn’s acquisition of the company in 1999, we, RUF Merger Corp. and Madison Dearborn entered into a transaction and merger agreement. Under this agreement, we are required to pay Madison Dearborn an annual monitoring fee in the amount of $150,000 so long as we are controlled by Madison Dearborn and provided that we meet a specified EBITDA target. We paid $150,000 to Madison Dearborn in fiscal 2004 under this agreement. Upon completion of this offering, we will no longer be required to pay this fee.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK

 

General

 

Our authorized capital stock currently consists of 1,000,000 shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 50,000 shares of nonvoting Class B common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 58,000 shares of Series A senior cumulative preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, and 92,000 shares of Series B junior cumulative preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share. As of March 27, 2005, there were 556,257 shares of Class A common stock, no shares of Class B common stock, 11,093 shares of Series A senior cumulative preferred stock and 74,123 shares of Series B junior cumulative preferred stock outstanding. In addition, as of March 27, 2005, there were warrants to purchase 30,850 shares of our Class A common stock and 41,133 shares of our Class B common stock outstanding.

 

Prior to the completion of this offering, we will amend and restate our certificate of incorporation to (1) reclassify our Class A common stock as common stock, (2) increase the authorized shares of common stock and (3) authorize shares of a new class of undesignated preferred stock. We currently expect that, following the reclassification of our Class A common stock but prior to the completion of this offering, all outstanding warrants will be exercised and all shares of Class B common stock received upon exercise will be converted into our common stock. We refer to these events collectively as the “Recapitalization.” We expect that the shares of common stock received by the holders of warrants in the Recapitalization will be offered and sold in this offering. We will also use a portion of the net proceeds from this offering to redeem our outstanding Series A senior cumulative preferred stock and Series B junior cumulative preferred stock.

 

After the Recapitalization, our authorized capital stock will consist of                  shares of common stock, 50,000 shares of Class B common stock and          shares of preferred stock. After giving effect to the Recapitalization and this offering and the application of the net proceeds therefrom, there will be outstanding          shares of common stock, no shares of Class B common stock and no shares of preferred stock. We do not expect to issue any shares of Class B common stock following this offering.

 

Common Stock

 

Each holder of our common stock will be entitled to one vote for each share on all matters to be voted upon by the stockholders and there will be no cumulative rights. Subject to preferences to which holders of preferred stock may be entitled, holders of our common stock will be entitled to receive ratably the dividends, if any, as may be declared from time to time by the board of directors out of funds legally available therefor. See “Dividend Policy and Restrictions.” If there is a liquidation, dissolution or winding up of us, holders of our common stock would be entitled to share in our assets remaining after the payment of liabilities, and the satisfaction of any liquidation preference granted to the holders of any outstanding shares of preferred stock. Holders of our common stock will have no preemptive or conversion rights or other subscription rights and there will be no redemption or sinking fund provisions applicable to the common stock. All outstanding shares of our common stock will be fully paid and non-assessable. The rights, preferences and privileges of the holders of our common stock will be subject to, and may be adversely affected by, the rights of the holders of shares of any series of preferred stock which we may designate in the future.

 

Class B Common Stock

 

Each share of our Class B common stock is convertible into one share of Class A common stock at any time at the option of the holders of our Class B common stock. There will be no shares of our Class B common stock outstanding, and we do not expect any shares of Class B common stock to be issued following the completion of this offering. Holders of Class B common stock generally will not have the right to vote on any matters. After giving effect to the Recapitalization, each share of Class B common stock will be convertible into one share of common stock.

 

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Series A Senior Cumulative Preferred Stock

 

As of March 27, 2005, there were 11,093 shares of our Senior Preferred Stock outstanding. Dividends on the Senior Preferred Stock accrue daily at a rate of 14% per annum on the outstanding liquidation preference thereon (equal to $1,000 per share) plus accrued but unpaid dividends. Dividends and certain other distributions may not be paid on our shares of Junior Preferred Stock or common stock until all of the shares of our Senior Preferred Stock have been repurchased or redeemed. Holders of shares of Senior Preferred Stock are entitled to receive a preferential payment in the amount of their liquidation preference, plus any accrued but unpaid dividends thereon, in the event of our liquidation, dissolution or winding up before any payment to the holders of Junior Preferred Stock or common stock. We are required to redeem the Senior Preferred Stock on September 17, 2011, or if requested by the holders thereof, upon a change in control, an initial public offering including this offering, and upon certain defaults under our amended and restated certificate of incorporation or credit facilities. Holders of Senior Preferred Stock are generally not entitled to vote on matters submitted to the stockholders, except with respect to certain matters that will affect them adversely as class. We will use a portion of the net proceeds of this offering to redeem our remaining outstanding shares of Senior Preferred Stock, and there will be no shares of Senior Preferred Stock outstanding immediately thereafter. See “Use of Proceeds.”

 

Series B Junior Cumulative Preferred Stock

 

As of March 27, 2005, there were 74,123 shares of our Junior Preferred Stock outstanding. Dividends on the Junior Preferred Stock accrue daily at a rate of 8% per annum on the outstanding liquidation preference thereon (equal to $1,000 per share) plus accrued but unpaid dividends. Dividends and certain other distributions may not be paid on our shares of common stock until all of the shares of our Junior Preferred Stock have been repurchased or redeemed. Holders of shares of Senior Preferred Stock are entitled to receive a preferential payment in the amount of their liquidation preference, plus any accrued but unpaid dividends thereon, in the event of our liquidation, dissolution or winding up before any payment to the holders of Junior Preferred Stock or common stock. We can repurchase or redeem Junior Preferred Stock only if all of the outstanding shares of Senior Preferred Stock have been redeemed. We can require each share of Junior Preferred stock to convert into common stock upon an initial public offering of our common stock, including this offering, in a per share amount equal to the liquidation value of each share plus accumulated but unpaid dividends thereon, divided by the offering price of our common stock sold in the initial public offering. We will use a portion of the net proceeds of this offering to redeem our remaining outstanding shares of Junior Preferred Stock, and there will be no shares of Junior Preferred Stock outstanding immediately thereafter. See “Use of Proceeds.”

 

Warrants

 

As of March 27, 2005, there were outstanding warrants to purchase 30,850 shares of our Class A common stock and 41,133 shares of Class B common stock, which were currently exercisable as of such date. The warrants to purchase our Class B common stock and the warrants to purchase our Class A common stock expire September 17, 2009, and have an exercise price of $0.01 per share. Wachovia Investors, Inc., an affiliate of Wachovia Capital Markets, LLC, owns warrants to purchase 41,133 shares of our Class B common stock, and GS Mezzanine Partners, LP and GS Mezzanine Partners Offshore, LP, affiliates of Goldman, Sachs & Co., collectively own warrants to purchase 30,850 shares of our Class A common stock. We expect all of our warrant holders to exercise their warrants in full immediately prior to this offering and sell in this offering all of the shares of common stock they receive upon exercise of the warrants.

 

Registration Rights

 

See “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions” for a description of the registration agreement we have entered into with our shareholders.

 

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Anti-Takeover Effects of Various Provisions of Delaware Law and Our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws

 

Provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”) and our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws could make it more difficult to acquire us by means of a tender offer, a proxy contest or otherwise, or to remove incumbent officers and directors. These provisions, summarized below, are expected to discourage types of coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids and to encourage persons seeking to acquire control of us to first negotiate with us. We believe that the benefits of increased protection of our potential ability to negotiate with the proponent of an unfriendly or unsolicited proposal to acquire or restructure us outweigh the disadvantages of discouraging takeover or acquisition proposals because, among other things, negotiation of these proposals could result in an improvement of their terms.

 

Delaware Anti-Takeover Statute. We will be subject to Section 203 of the DGCL, an anti-takeover statute. In general, Section 203 prohibits a publicly held Delaware corporation from engaging in a “business combination” with an “interested stockholder” for a period of three years following the time the person became an interested stockholder, unless (with certain exceptions) the business combination or the transaction in which the person became an interested stockholder is approved in a prescribed manner. Generally, a “business combination” includes a merger, asset or stock sale, or other transaction resulting in a financial benefit to the interested stockholder. Generally, an “interested stockholder” is a person who, together with affiliates and associates, owns (or within three years prior to the determination of interested stockholder status, did own) 15 percent or more of a corporation’s voting stock. The existence of this provision would be expected to have an anti-takeover effect with respect to transactions not approved in advance by the board of directors, including discouraging attempts that might result in a premium over the market price for the shares of common stock held by stockholders.

 

No Cumulative Voting. The DGCL provides that stockholders are denied the right to cumulate votes in the election of directors unless our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides otherwise. Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation does not provide for cumulative voting.

 

Stockholder Action by Written Consent; Calling of Special Meeting of Stockholders. Our organizational documents permit stockholder action by written consent so long as such action is approved by a majority of the “continuing directors.” For purposes of the amended and restated certificate of incorporation, a “continuing director” is:

 

    any member of the board of directors who (A) is not an interested stockholder and (B) was a member of the board of directors prior to the time that an interested stockholder became an interested stockholder; and

 

    any person who is elected or nominated to succeed a continuing director, or to join the board of directors, by a majority of the continuing directors.

 

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that special meetings of our stockholders may be called only by a majority of our board of directors or by the chairman of the board of directors.

 

Limitations on Liability and Indemnification of Officers and Directors. The DGCL authorizes corporations to limit or eliminate the personal liability of directors to corporations and their stockholders for monetary damages for breaches of directors’ fiduciary duties as directors. Our organizational documents include provisions that eliminate, to the extent allowable under the DGCL, the personal liability of directors or officers for monetary damages for actions taken as a director or officer, as the case may be. Our organizational documents also provide that we must indemnify and advance reasonable expenses to our directors and officers to the fullest extent authorized by the DGCL. We will also be expressly authorized to carry directors’ and officers’ insurance for our directors, officers and certain employees for some liabilities.

 

The limitation of liability and indemnification provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws may discourage stockholders from bringing a lawsuit against directors for breach of

 

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their fiduciary duty. These provisions may also have the effect of reducing the likelihood of derivative litigation against directors and officers, even though such an action, if successful, might otherwise benefit us and our stockholders. In addition, your investment may be adversely affected to the extent that, in a class action or direct suit, we pay the costs of settlement and damage awards against directors and officers pursuant to these indemnification provisions.

 

There is currently no pending material litigation or proceeding involving any of our directors, officers or employees for which indemnification is sought.

 

Authorized but Unissued Shares. Our authorized but unissued shares of common stock and preferred stock will be available for future issuance without your approval. We may use additional shares for a variety of corporate purposes, including future public offerings to raise additional capital, corporate acquisitions and employee benefit plans. The existence of authorized but unissued shares of common stock and preferred stock could render more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control of us by means of a proxy contest, tender offer, merger or otherwise.

 

Supermajority Provisions. The DGCL provides generally that the affirmative vote of a majority of the share entitled to vote on any matter is required to amend a corporation’s certificate of incorporation or bylaws, unless either a corporation’s certificate of incorporation or bylaws require a greater percentage. Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws will provide that the affirmative vote of holders of at least 66 2/3% of the total votes eligible to be cast in the election of directors will be required to amend, alter, change or repeal specified provisions. This requirement of a super-majority vote to approve amendments to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws could enable a minority of our stockholders to exercise veto power over any such amendments.

 

Corporate Opportunities and Transactions with Madison Dearborn

 

In recognition that directors, officers, stockholders, members, managers and/or employees of Madison Dearborn and its affiliates and investment funds (collectively, the “Madison Dearborn Entities”) may serve as our directors and/or officers, and that the Madison Dearborn Entities may engage in similar activities or lines of business that we do, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation will provide for the allocation of certain corporate opportunities between us and the Madison Dearborn Entities. Specifically, none of the Madison Dearborn Entities or any director, officer, stockholder, member, manager or employee of the Madison Dearborn Entities has any duty to refrain from engaging directly or indirectly in the same or similar business activities or lines of business that we do. In the event that any Madison Dearborn Entity acquires knowledge of a potential transaction or matter which may be a corporate opportunity for itself and us, we will not have any expectancy in such corporate opportunity, and the Madison Dearborn Entity will not have any duty to communicate or offer such corporate opportunity to us and may pursue or acquire such corporate opportunity for itself or direct such opportunity to another person. In addition, if a director or officer of our company who is also a director, officer, member, manager or employee of any Madison Dearborn Entity acquires knowledge of a potential transaction or matter which may be a corporate opportunity for us and a Madison Dearborn Entity, we will not have any expectancy in such corporate opportunity unless such corporate opportunity is expressly offered to such person solely in his or her capacity as a director or officer of our company.

 

In recognition that we may engage in material business transactions with the Madison Dearborn Entities, from which we are expected to benefit, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation will provide that any of our directors or officers who are also directors, officers, stockholders, members, managers and/or employees of any Madison Dearborn Entity will have fully satisfied and fulfilled his or her fiduciary duty to us and our stockholders with respect to such transaction, if:

 

   

the transaction was approved, after being made aware of the material facts of the relationship between each of Ruth’s Chris or a subsidiary thereof and the Madison Dearborn Entity and the material terms and

 

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facts of the transaction, by (1) an affirmative vote of a majority of the members of our board of directors who do not have a material financial interest in the transaction (“Disinterested Persons”) or (2) an affirmative vote of a majority of the members of a committee of our board of directors consisting of members who are Disinterested Persons; or

 

    the transaction was fair to us at the time we entered into the transaction; or

 

    the transaction was approved by an affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of shares of our common stock entitled to vote, excluding the Madison Dearborn Entities and any holder who has a material financial interest in the transaction.

 

By becoming a stockholder in our company, you will be deemed to have received notice of and consented to these provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation. Any amendment to the foregoing provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation requires the affirmative vote of at least 80% of the voting power of all shares of our common stock then outstanding.

 

Listing

 

Upon completion of the offering, our common stock will be traded on the Nasdaq National Market under the symbol “RUTH.”

 

Transfer Agent and Registrar

 

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock will be                     .                     .

 

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SHARES ELIGIBLE FOR FUTURE SALE

 

Future sales or the availability for sale of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market could adversely affect prevailing market prices and could impair our ability to raise capital through future sales of our securities. Upon completion of this offering,              shares of our common stock will be outstanding. All of these shares will be freely tradable without restriction or further registration under the Securities Act, unless held by our “affiliates,” as that term is defined in Rule 144 under the Securities Act. Upon completion of this offering, our existing equity investors will own              shares of common stock representing an aggregate         % ownership interest in us after the offering.

 

If permitted under our new senior credit facilities, we may issue shares of common stock from time to time as consideration for future acquisitions, investments or other corporate purposes. In the event any such acquisition, investment or other transaction is significant, the number of shares of common stock that we may issue may in turn be significant. In addition, we may also grant registration rights covering those shares of common stock issued in connection with any such acquisitions and investments.

 

Rule 144

 

In general, under Rule 144, as currently in effect, beginning 90 days after the date of this prospectus, any person, including an affiliate, who has beneficially owned shares of our common stock for a period of at least one year is entitled to sell, within any three-month period, a number of shares that does not exceed the greater of:

 

    1% of the then-outstanding shares of common stock; and

 

    the average weekly trading volume of the common stock during the four calendar weeks preceding the date on which the notice of the sale is filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Sales under Rule 144 are also subject to provisions relating to notice, manner of sale, volume limitations and the availability of current public information about us.

 

Following the lock-up period, we estimate that approximately              shares of our common stock that are restricted securities or are held by our affiliates as of the date of this prospectus will be eligible for sale in the public market in compliance with Rule 144 under the Securities Act.

 

Rule 144(k)

 

Under Rule 144(k), a person who is not deemed to have been one of our affiliates at any time during the 90 days preceding a sale, and who has beneficially owned the shares for at least two years, including the holding period of any prior owner other than an “affiliate,” is entitled to sell the shares without complying with the manner of sale, public information, volume limitation or notice provisions of Rule 144.

 

Rule 701

 

In general, under Rule 701 under the Securities Act, any of our employees, directors, officers, consultants or advisors who purchased shares of our common stock from us in connection with a compensatory stock or option plan or other written agreement before the effective date of this offering, or who purchased shares of our common stock from us after that date upon the exercise of options granted before that date, are eligible to resell such shares in reliance upon Rule 144. If such person is not an affiliate, such sale may be made subject only to the manner of sale provisions of Rule 144. If such a person is an affiliate, such sale may be made under Rule 144 without compliance with its one-year minimum holding period, but subject to the other Rule 144 restrictions.

 

Lock-Up Arrangements

 

We, our executive officers and directors and certain of our stockholders have agreed to a 180-day “lock-up,” subject to certain exceptions, with respect to all shares of our common stock, including securities that are

 

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convertible into such securities and securities that are exchangeable or exercisable for such securities, which we may issue or they may own prior to this offering or purchase in or after this offering, as the case may be. This means that for a period of 180 days following the date of this prospectus, we and such persons may not offer, sell, pledge or otherwise dispose of any of these securities or request or demand that we file a registration statement related to any of these securities without the prior written consent of the representatives of the underwriters.

 

Registration Rights

 

As described above in “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions—Registration Agreement,” following the completion of this offering, subject to the 180-day lock-up period described above, parties to our registration agreement holding more than 40% of the shares subject to that agreement will be entitled, subject to certain exceptions, to demand the filing of and include their shares in registration statements relating to our securities. If this right is exercised, holders of up to              million shares will be entitled to participate in such a registration. By exercising their registration rights and causing a large number of shares to be registered and sold in the public market, these holders could cause the price of the common stock to fall. In addition, any demand to include such shares in our registration statements could have a material adverse effect on our ability to raise needed capital.

 

Registration on Form S-8

 

We intend to file a registration statement on Form S-8 under the Securities Act to register approximately shares of common stock reserved for issuance under our 2000 Stock Option Plan, our 2004 Restricted Stock Plan and our 2005 Long-Term Equity Incentive Plan. This registration statement is expected to be filed following the effective date of the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part and will be effective upon filing. Shares issued under these plans will be eligible for resale in the public market without restriction, subject to Rule 144 limitations applicable to affiliates and the lock-up agreements described above.

 

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UNDERWRITING

 

We and the selling stockholders are offering the shares of common stock described in this prospectus through a number of underwriters. Banc of America Securities LLC, Wachovia Capital Markets, LLC, Goldman, Sachs & Co., RBC Capital Markets Corporation, CIBC World Markets Corp., SG Cowen & Co., LLC and Piper Jaffray & Co. are the representatives of the underwriters. We and the selling stockholders have entered into a firm commitment underwriting agreement with the representatives. Subject to the terms and conditions of the underwriting agreement, we and the selling stockholders have agreed to sell to the underwriters, and each underwriter has agreed to purchase, the number of shares of common stock listed next to its name in the following table:

 

Underwriter


   Number of Shares

Banc of America Securities LLC

    

Wachovia Capital Markets, LLC

    

Goldman, Sachs & Co.

    

RBC Capital Markets Corporation

    

CIBC World Markets Corp.

    

SG Cowen & Co., LLC

    

Piper Jaffray & Co.

    
    

Total

    
    

 

The underwriting agreement is subject to a number of terms and conditions and provides that the underwriters must buy all of the shares if they buy any of them. The underwriters will sell the shares to the public when and if the underwriters buy the shares from us and the selling stockholders.

 

The underwriters initially will offer the shares to the public at the price specified on the cover page of this prospectus. The underwriters may allow a concession of not more than $             per share to selected dealers. The underwriters may also allow, and those dealers may re-allow, a concession of not more than $             per share to some other dealers. If all the shares are not sold at the public offering price, the underwriters may change the public offering price and the other selling terms. The common stock is offered subject to a number of conditions, including:

 

    receipt and acceptance of the common stock by the underwriters; and

 

    the underwriters’ right to reject orders in whole or in part.

 

Over-Allotment Option. Affiliates of Madison Dearborn have granted the underwriters an over-allotment option to purchase up to              additional shares of our common stock at the same price per share as they are paying for the shares shown in the table above. These additional shares would cover sales of shares by the underwriters that exceed the total number of shares shown in the table above. The underwriters may exercise this option at any time within 30 days after the date of this prospectus. To the extent that the underwriters exercise this option, each underwriter will purchase additional shares from the affiliates of Madison Dearborn in approximately the same proportion as it purchased the shares shown in the table above. If purchased, the additional shares will be sold by the underwriters on the same terms as those on which the other shares are sold. The company will pay the expenses associated with the exercise of this option.

 

Availability of Prospectus Online. A prospectus in electronic format may be made available on the web sites maintained by one or more of the underwriters participating in this offering or on the netroadswhow.com website. Other than the prospectus in electronic format, the information on any such web site, or accessible though any such web site, is not part of the prospectus.

 

Discount and Commissions. The following table shows the per share and total underwriting discounts and commissions to be paid to the underwriters by us and by the selling stockholders. These amounts are shown assuming no exercise and full exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares.

 

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We estimate that the expenses of the offering to be paid by us, not including underwriting discounts and commissions, will be approximately $            .

 

     Paid by Us

   Paid by the Selling
Stockholders


     No
Exercise


   Full
Exercise


   No
Exercise


   Full
Exercise


Per Share

   $                 $                 $                 $             
    

  

  

  

Total

   $      $      $      $  
    

  

  

  

 

Listing. We expect our common stock to be approved for quotation on the Nasdaq National Market under the symbol “RUTH.”

 

Stabilization. In connection with this offering, the underwriters may engage in activities that stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the price of our common stock, including:

 

    stabilizing transactions;

 

    short sales;

 

    syndicate covering transactions;

 

    imposition of penalty bids; and purchases to cover positions created by short sales.

 

Stabilizing transactions consist of bids or purchases made for the purpose of preventing or retarding a decline in the market price of our common stock while this offering is in progress. Stabilizing transactions may include making short sales of common stock, which involves the sale by the underwriters of a greater number of shares of common stock than they are required to purchase in this offering, and purchasing shares of common stock from us or on the open market to cover positions created by short sales. Short sales may be “covered” shorts, which are short positions in an amount not greater than the underwriters’ over-allotment option referred to above, or may be “naked” shorts, which are short positions in excess of that amount. Syndicate covering transactions involve purchases of our common stock in the open market after the distribution has been completed in order to cover syndicate short positions.

 

The underwriters may close out any covered short position either by exercising their over-allotment option, in whole or in part, or by purchasing shares in the open market. In making this determination, the underwriters will consider, among other things, the price of shares available for purchase in the open market compared to the price at which the underwriters may purchase shares through the over-allotment option.

 

A naked short position is more likely to be created if the underwriters are concerned that there may be downward pressure on the price of the common stock in the open market that could adversely affect investors who purchased in this offering. To the extent that the underwriters create a naked short position, they will purchase shares in the open market to cover the position.

 

The representatives also may impose a penalty bid on underwriters and dealers participating in the offering. This means that the representatives may reclaim from any syndicate members or other dealers participating in the offering the underwriting discount on shares sold by them and purchased by the representatives in stabilizing or short covering transactions.

 

These activities may have the effect of raising or maintaining the market price of our common stock or preventing or retarding a decline in the market price of our common stock. As a result of these activities, the price of our common stock may be higher than the price that otherwise might exist in the open market. If the underwriters and the selling stockholders commence the activities, they may discontinue them at any time. The underwriters and the selling stockholders may carry out these transactions on the Nasdaq National Market, in the over-the-counter market or otherwise.

 

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Market Making. In connection with this offering, some underwriters and any selling group members who are qualified market makers on the Nasdaq National Market may engage in passive market making transactions in our common stock on the Nasdaq National Market. Passive market making is allowed during the period when the SEC’s rules would otherwise prohibit market activity by the underwriters and dealers who are participating in this offering. Passive market making may occur during the business day before the pricing of this offering, before the commencement of offers or sales of the common stock. A passive market maker must comply with applicable volume and price limitations and must be identified as a passive market maker. In general, a passive market maker must display its bid at a price not in excess of the highest independent bid for our common stock; but if all independent bids are lowered below the passive market maker’s bid, the passive market maker must also lower its bid once it exceeds specified purchase limits. Net purchases by a passive market maker on each day are limited to a specified percentage of the passive market maker’s average daily trading volume in our common stock during the specified period and must be discontinued when that limit is reached. Passive market making may cause the price of our common stock to be higher than the price that otherwise would exist in the open market in the absence of those transactions. The underwriters and dealers are not required to engage in a passive market making and may end passive market making activities at any time.

 

Selling Restrictions. Each underwriter has represented, warranted and agreed that: (i) it has not offered or sold and, prior to the expiry of a period of six months from the closing date, will not offer or sell any shares to persons in the United Kingdom except to persons whose ordinary activities involve them in acquiring, holding, managing or disposing of investments (as principal or agent) for the purposes of their businesses or otherwise in circumstances which have not resulted and will not result in an offer to the public in the United Kingdom within the meaning of the Public Offers of Securities Regulations 1995; (ii) it has only communicated or caused to be communicated and will only communicate or cause to be communicated any invitation or inducement to engage in investment activity (within the meaning of section 21 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (“FSMA”)) received by it in connection with the issue or sale of any shares in circumstances in which section 21(1) of the FSMA does not apply to the Issuer; and (iii) it has complied and will comply with all applicable provisions of the FSMA with respect to anything done by it in relation to the shares in, from or otherwise involving the United Kingdom.

 

The shares may not be offered or sold, transferred or delivered, as part of their initial distribution or at any time thereafter, directly or indirectly, to any individual or legal entity in the Netherlands other than to individuals or legal entities who or which trade or invest in securities in the conduct of their profession or trade, which includes banks, securities intermediaries, insurance companies, pension funds, other institutional investors and commercial enterprises which, as an ancillary activity, regularly trade or invest in securities.

 

The shares may not be offered or sold by means of any document other than to persons whose ordinary business is to buy or sell shares or debentures, whether as principal or agent, or in circumstances which do not constitute an offer to the public within the meaning of the Companies Ordinance (Cap. 32) of Hong Kong, and no advertisement, invitation or document relating to the shares may be issued, whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere, which is directed at, or the contents of which are likely to be accessed or read by, the public in Hong Kong (except if permitted to do so under the securities laws of Hong Kong) other than with respect to shares which are or are intended to be disposed of only to persons outside Hong Kong or only to “professional investors” within the meaning of the Securities and Futures Ordinance (Cap. 571) of Hong Kong and any rules made thereunder.

 

This prospectus has not been registered as a prospectus with the Monetary Authority of Singapore. Accordingly, this prospectus and any other document or material in connection with the offer or sale, or invitation or subscription or purchase, of the shares may not be circulated or distributed, nor may the shares be offered or sold, or be made the subject of an invitation for subscription or purchase, whether directly or indirectly, to persons in Singapore other than under circumstances in which such offer, sale or invitation does not constitute an offer or sale, or invitation for subscription or purchase, of the shares to the public in Singapore.

 

The shares have not been and will not be registered under the Securities and Exchange Law of Japan (the Securities and Exchange Law) and each underwriter has agreed that it will not offer or sell any shares, directly or

 

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indirectly, in Japan or to, or for the benefit of, any resident of Japan (which term as used herein means any person resident in Japan, including any corporation or other entity organized under the laws of Japan), or to others for re-offering or resale, directly or indirectly, in Japan or to a resident of Japan, except pursuant to an exemption from the registration requirements of, and otherwise in compliance with, the Securities and Exchange Law and any other applicable laws, regulations and ministerial guidelines of Japan.

 

Discretionary Accounts. The underwriters have informed us that they do not expect to make sales to accounts over which they exercise discretionary authority in excess of 5% of the shares of common stock being offered.

 

IPO Pricing. Prior to this offering, there has been no public market for our common stock. The initial public offering price will be negotiated between us and the representatives of the underwriters. Among the factors to be considered in these negotiations are:

 

    the history of, and prospects for, our company and the industry in which we compete;

 

    our past and present financial performance;

 

    an assessment of our management;

 

    the present state of our development;

 

    the prospects for our future earnings;

 

    the prevailing conditions of the applicable United States securities market at the time of this offering;

 

    market valuations of publicly traded companies that we and the representatives of the underwriters believe to be comparable to us; and

 

    other factors deemed relevant.

 

The estimated initial public offering price range set forth on the cover of this preliminary prospectus is subject to change as a result of market conditions and other factors.

 

Qualified Independent Underwriter. Banc of America Securities LLC, Wachovia Capital Markets LLC and Goldman, Sachs & Co. are members of the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. (“NASD”). An affiliate of Banc of America Securities LLC is a lender under our new senior credit facilities, a portion of which will be repaid with a portion of the proceeds of this offering. Wachovia Investors, Inc., an affiliate of Wachovia Capital Markets LLC, is a holder of our Senior Preferred Stock and will therefore receive some of the proceeds of this offering in connection with the redemption of our Senior Preferred Stock. Wachovia Investors, Inc. will also receive proceeds from its sale of common stock in this offering. In addition, GS Mezzanine Partners, LP and GS Mezzanine Partners Offshore, LP, affiliates of Goldman, Sachs & Co., will receive proceeds from their sale of common stock in this offering. Therefore, the underwriters, together with their affiliates, may receive more than 10% of the net proceeds of this offering, not including underwriting discounts and commissions. Accordingly, this offering is being conducted in accordance with the applicable requirements of Conduct Rule 2710(h) of the NASD. In an initial public offering of equity securities, that rule requires that the offering price must be no higher than the price recommended by a qualified independent underwriter, which has participated in the preparation of the registration statement and which has performed its usual standard of due diligence in respect of the offering. SG Cowen & Co., LLC has agreed to act as qualified independent underwriter with respect of this offering. The initial public offering price of our common stock will be no higher than that recommended by SG Cowen & Co., LLC. SG Cowen & Co., LLC will not receive any additional compensation for acting in this capacity in connection with this offering; we have agreed to indemnify SG Cowen & Co., LLC for liabilities incurred in its capacity as qualified independent underwriter, including against liabilities under the Securities Act.

 

Lock-up Agreements. We, our directors and executive officers, all of our existing stockholders and all of our option holders have entered into lock-up agreements with the underwriters. Under these agreements, subject to

 

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exceptions, we may not issue any new shares of common stock, and those holders of stock and options may not, directly or indirectly, offer, sell, contract to sell, pledge or otherwise dispose of or hedge any common securities convertible into or exchangeable for shares of common stock, or publicly announce the intention to do any of the foregoing, without the prior written consent of Banc of America Securities LLC for a period of 180 days from the date of this prospectus. This consent may be given at any time without public notice. In addition, during this 180 day period, we have also agreed not to file any registration statement for, and each of our officers and stockholders has agreed not to make any demand for, or exercise any right of, the registration of, any shares of common stock or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for common stock or the filing of a prospectus with any Canadian securities regulatory authority without the prior written consent of Banc of America Securities LLC. The lock-up may be extended in certain circumstances if we issue a press release covering our results of operations during the last 17 days of the lock-up period or if, prior to the expiration of the lock-up period, we announce that we will issue our results of operations during the 16-day period beginning on the last day of the lock-up period.

 

Directed Share Program. At our request, the underwriters have reserved for sale to our employees, directors, families of employees and directors, business associates and other third parties at the initial public offering price up to         % of the shares being offered by this prospectus. The sale of the reserved shares to these purchasers will be made by                                         . The purchasers of these shares will be subject to lock-up agreements with us. We do not know if our employees, directors, families of employees and directors, business associates and other third parties will choose to purchase all or any portion of the reserved shares, but any purchases they do make will reduce the number of shares available to the general public. If all of these reserved shares are not purchased, the underwriters will offer the remainder to the general public on the same terms as the other shares offered by this prospectus.

 

Indemnification. We and the selling stockholders will indemnify the underwriters against some liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act and Canadian provincial securities legislation. If we and the selling stockholders are unable to provide this indemnification, we and the selling stockholders will contribute to payments the underwriters may be required to make in respect of those liabilities.

 

Conflicts/Affiliates. The underwriters and their affiliates have provided, and may in the future provide, various investment banking, commercial banking and other financial services for us and our affiliates and the selling stockholders for which services they have received, and may in the future receive, customary fees. An affiliate of Banc of America Securities LLC is a lender under our new senior credit facilities and therefore will also receive a portion of the net proceeds of this offering in connection with our repayment of a portion of outstanding indebtedness under our new senior credit facilities. Wachovia Investors, Inc., an affiliate of Wachovia Capital Markets, LLC, owns all of our Senior Preferred Stock outstanding and therefore will receive a portion of the net proceeds of this offering in connection with our redemption of the Senior Preferred Stock. Wachovia Investors, Inc. will also receive proceeds from its sale of common stock in this offering. In addition, GS Mezzanine Partners, LP and GS Mezzanine Partners Offshore, LP, affiliates of Goldman, Sachs & Co., will receive proceeds from their sale of common stock in this offering.

 

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LEGAL MATTERS

 

The validity of the common stock offered hereby will be passed upon for us by Kirkland & Ellis LLP, a limited liability partnership that includes professional corporations, Chicago, Illinois. Certain partners of Kirkland & Ellis LLP, through investment partnerships, beneficially own equity interests in Ruth’s Chris Steak House representing less than 1% of the common stock outstanding immediately prior to this offering. Kirkland & Ellis LLP represents entities affiliated with Madison Dearborn Partners, LLC in connection with certain legal matters. The underwriters are represented by Shearman & Sterling LLP, New York, New York.

 

EXPERTS

 

The consolidated financial statements of Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc. as of December 26, 2004 and December 28, 2003 and for each of the fiscal years in the three-year period ended December 26, 2004, have been included herein in reliance on the report of KPMG LLP, independent registered public accounting firm, appearing elsewhere herein, and upon the authority of said firm as experts in accounting and auditing.

 

WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

We have filed a Registration Statement on Form S-1 with the SEC regarding this offering. This prospectus, which is part of the registration statement, does not contain all of the information included in the registration statement, and you should refer to the registration statement and its exhibits to read that information. You may read and copy the registration statement, related exhibits and other information we file with the SEC at the SEC’s public reference facilities maintained by the SEC at Judiciary Plaza, 450 Fifth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20549. You can also request copies of those documents, upon payment of a duplicating fee, by writing to the SEC. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the operation of the public reference rooms. The SEC also maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers that file with the SEC. The site’s Internet address is www.sec.gov.

 

You may also request a copy of these filings, at no cost, by writing or telephoning us at:

 

Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc.

3321 Hessmer Avenue

Metairie, Louisiana 70002

(504) 454-6560

 

Upon completion of this offering, we will become subject to the informational requirements of the Exchange Act and will be required to file reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. You will be able to inspect and copy these reports, proxy statements and other information at the public reference facilities maintained by the SEC at the address noted above. You will also be able to obtain copies of this material from the Public Reference Room of the SEC as described above, or inspect them without charge at the SEC’s web site. We intend to furnish our stockholders with annual reports containing consolidated financial statements audited by, reported on, and with an opinion expressed by an independent accounting firm.

 

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RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Index to Financial Statements

 

Table of Contents

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   F-2

Financial Statements:

    

Consolidated Balance Sheets

   F-3

Consolidated Income Statements

   F-4

Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Deficit

   F-5

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

   F-6

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

   F-7

 

F-1


Table of Contents

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

The Board of Directors

Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc.:

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of December 28, 2003 and December 26, 2004, and the related consolidated income statements, statements of shareholders’ deficit and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 26, 2004. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 28, 2003 and December 26, 2004, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 26, 2004, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

As discussed in note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company adopted the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 150, Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Characteristics of both Liabilities and Equity, in 2003.

 

KPMG LLP

New Orleans, Louisiana

 

April 22, 2005

 

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Table of Contents

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

     December 28,
2003


    December 26,
2004


 

Assets

                

Current assets:

                

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 5,130     $ 3,906  

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts 2003—$174; 2004—$275

     5,180       5,030  

Inventory

     3,172       3,665  

Prepaid expenses and other

     1,709       2,179  

Deferred income taxes

     444       771  
    


 


Total current assets

     15,635       15,551  

Property and equipment, net

     63,404       52,739  

Goodwill

     30,533       30,533  

Deferred income taxes

     5,585       9,278  

Assets held for sale

           2,100  

Other assets

     2,397       3,281  
    


 


Total assets

   $ 117,554     $ 113,482  
    


 


Liabilities and Shareholders’ Deficit

                

Current liabilities:

                

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

   $ 16,113     $ 18,577  

Deferred revenue

     11,996       14,692  

Other current liabilities

     312       452  
    


 


Total current liabilities

     28,421       33,721  

Long-term debt

     97,373       80,931  

Mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock (liquidation preference of $34,962 and $39,986 at 2003 and 2004)

     34,786       39,857  

Deferred rent

     10,853       9,767  

Other liabilities

     79       719  
    


 


Total liabilities

     171,512       164,995  

Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)

                

Shareholders’ deficit:

                

Junior preferred stock, par value $.01 per share; authorized 92,000 shares, 72,537 shares issued and outstanding (67,164 at December 28, 2003), aggregate liquidation preference $72,537

     67,164       72,537  

Class A common stock, par value $.01 per share; authorized 1,000,000 shares, 556,257 issued and outstanding (500,000 at December 28, 2003)

     5       6  

Class B common stock, par value $.01 per share; authorized 50,000 shares, no shares issued and outstanding

            

Additional paid-in capital

     5,655       5,657  

Accumulated deficit

     (126,782 )     (129,713 )
    


 


Total shareholders’ deficit

     (53,958 )     (51,513 )
    


 


Total liabilities and shareholders’ deficit

   $ 117,554     $ 113,482  
    


 


 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-3


Table of Contents

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Consolidated Income Statements

(dollar amounts in thousands)

 

    

December 29,

2002


   

December 28,

2003


   

December 26,

2004


 

Revenues:

                        

Restaurant sales

   $ 144,963     $ 158,578     $ 182,280  

Franchise income

     8,369       8,829       9,500  

Other operating income

     251       373       417  
    


 


 


Total revenues

     153,583       167,780       192,197  

Costs and expenses:

                        

Food and beverage costs

     46,710       55,612       61,412  

Restaurant operating expenses

     67,157       74,129       82,956  

Marketing and advertising

     6,609       6,478       6,730  

General and administrative

     9,847       8,792       10,938  

Depreciation and amortization

     6,033       6,782       6,469  

Pre-opening costs

     2,053       497       364  
    


 


 


Operating income

     15,174       15,490       23,328  

Other income (expense):

                        

Interest income

     189       68        

Interest expense

     (9,757 )     (9,587 )     (10,320 )

Accrued dividends and accretion on mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock

           (2,243 )     (5,071 )

Other

     1,044       512       (841 )
    


 


 


Income from continuing operations before income tax expense

     6,650       4,240       7,096  

Income tax expense

     428       1,344       735  
    


 


 


Income from continuing operations

     6,222       2,896       6,361  

Discontinued operations:

                        

Loss from operations of discontinued restaurants, net of income tax benefit: 2002-$146; 2003-$1,057; 2004-$2,811

     538       1,648       3,919  
    


 


 


Net income

   $ 5,684     $ 1,248     $ 2,442  
    


 


 


 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Deficit

(dollar amounts in thousands)

 

    Junior Preferred Stock

  Common Stock

  Additional
paid-in capital


 

Accumulated
Deficit


   

Shareholders’
Deficit


 
        Shares    

      Value    

  Shares

  Value

     

Balance at December 30, 2001

  56   $ 56,476   500   $ 5   $ 5,655   $ (116,114 )   $ (53,978 )

Net income

    —             —         5,684       5,684  

Dividends

                    (10,371 )     (10,371 )

Issuance of junior preferred shares

  6     5,713                       5,713  

Accretion of discount on senior redeemable preferred stock

                    (119 )     (119 )
   
 

 
 

 

 


 


Balance at December 29, 2002

  62     62,189   500     5     5,655     (120,920 )     (53,071 )

Net income

                    1,248       1,248  

Dividends

                    (7,049 )     (7,049 )

Issuance of junior preferred shares

  5     4,975                       4,975  

Accretion of discount on senior redeemable preferred stock

                    (61 )     (61 )
   
 

 
 

 

 


 


Balance at December 28, 2003

  67     67,164   500     5     5,655     (126,782 )     (53,958 )

Net income

                    2,442       2,442  

Dividends

                    (5,373 )     (5,373 )

Issuance of junior preferred shares

  5     5,373                     5,373  

Issuance of restricted common stock

        56     1     2           3  
   
 

 
 

 

 


 


Balance at December 26, 2004

  72   $ 72,537   556   $ 6   $ 5,657   $ (129,713 )   $ (51,513 )
   
 

 
 

 

 


 


 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(dollar amounts in thousands)

 

   

December 29,

2002


   

December 28,

2003


   

December 26,

2004


 

Cash flows from operating activities:

                       

Net income

  $ 5,684     $ 1,248     $ 2,442  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

                       

Depreciation and amortization

    6,033       6,782       6,469  

Deferred income taxes

    (2,454 )     (298 )     (4,020 )

Non-cash interest expense

    736       852       1,824  

Loss on sale or disposition of assets

    14       20       21  

Loss on impairment

          1,012       5,594  

Accrued dividends and accretion on mandatorily redeemable senior preferred stock

          2,243       5,071  

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

                       

Accounts receivable

    22       112       150  

Inventories

    (122 )     (116 )     (493 )

Prepaid expenses and other

    (368 )     (313 )     (470 )

Other assets

    (65 )     (18 )     (472 )

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    1,072       2,836       2,464  

Deferred revenue

    1,187       936       2,696  

Deferred rent

    3,375       (240 )     (1,086 )

Other liabilities

    475       (442 )     780  
   


 


 


Net cash provided by operating activities

    15,589       14,614       20,970  
   


 


 


Cash flows from investing activities:

                       

Acquisition of property and equipment

    (13,569 )     (7,489 )     (3,518 )

Proceeds from redemption of life insurance

    316              

Decrease in notes receivable

    148       162        
   


 


 


Net cash used in investing activities

    (13,105 )     (7,327 )     (3,518 )
   


 


 


Cash flows from financing activities:

                       

Principal repayments on long-term debt

    (8,727 )     (14,164 )     (87,190 )

Proceeds from long-term financing

    8,000       6,750       70,707  

Proceeds from sale of restricted common stock

                3  

Deferred financing costs

          (263 )     (2,196 )
   


 


 


Net cash used in financing activities

    (727 )     (7,677 )     (18,676 )
   


 


 


Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

    1,757       (390 )     (1,224 )

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

    3,763       5,520       5,130  
   


 


 


Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

  $ 5,520     $ 5,130     $ 3,906  
   


 


 


Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

                       

Cash paid during the year for:

                       

Interest

  $ 9,240     $ 8,326     $ 9,467  

Income taxes

    1,197       1,008       824  

Supplemental disclosures of non-cash equity information:

                       

Senior redeemable preferred stock accretion

    119       61        

Issuance of junior preferred stock in payment of dividends

    5,713       4,975       5,373  

Issuance of senior preferred stock in payment of dividends

    4,658       4,294       5,024  

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-6


Table of Contents

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

(1) Organization and Description of Business

 

Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the Company) operate thirty-nine restaurants and a wholesale restaurant equipment company, and sell franchise rights to franchisees giving them the exclusive right to operate similar restaurants in a particular location designated in the franchise agreement. The Company’s franchisees operate all franchised operations.

 

On July 16, 1999, Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc. entered into a Recapitalization and merger agreement with Madison Dearborn Capital Partners III, L.P. (MDCP), Madison Dearborn Special Equity III, L.P., and Special Advisors Funds I, LLC (collectively, Madison Dearborn) and RUF Merger Corporation (a wholly-owned subsidiary of MDCP) whereby RUF Merger Corporation was merged with and into the Company, with the Company being the surviving corporation. Madison Dearborn, certain members of management, and certain unaffiliated investors acquired all of the outstanding capital stock of the Company for an equity investment of $73,399 (the Recapitalization) on September 17, 1999. The equity investment consisted of (i) a $47,119 investment by Madison Dearborn (comprised of $4,412 of Class A Common Stock of the Company and $42,707 of Junior Preferred Stock), (ii) a $6,280 investment by certain members of management of the Company (comprised of $588 in Class A Common Stock and $5,692 in Junior Preferred Stock), and (iii) a $20,000 investment by certain unaffiliated investors in units consisting of Senior Redeemable Preferred Stock and a warrant to purchase common stock. The financing consisted of (i) $45,000 from the sale of Senior Subordinated Notes and (ii) a $92,000 Senior Credit Facility comprised of a $72,000 term loan facility and a $20,000 revolving credit facility. The Company used the proceeds from the equity investment and approximately $117,000 of aggregate proceeds from the financing described below to pay (i) $147,752 as Recapitalization consideration, (ii) $34,196 in repayment of existing indebtedness, and (iii) $8,451 in transaction fees and expenses.

 

(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

(a) Reporting Period

 

The Company utilizes a 52- or 53-week reporting period ending on the last Sunday of December. The periods ended December 29, 2002 (Fiscal 2002), December 28, 2003 (Fiscal 2003), and December 26, 2004 (Fiscal 2004) each had a 52-week reporting period.

 

(b) Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

(c) Cash Equivalents

 

For purposes of the consolidated statements of cash flows, the Company considers all highly-liquid debt instruments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

 

(d) Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable consists primarily of bank credit card receivable, franchise royalty payments receivable, banquet billings receivable, and other miscellaneous receivables.

 

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Table of Contents

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

(e) Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

The Company estimates an allowance for doubtful accounts based upon the actual payment history of each individual customer. The Company performs a specific review of major account balances and applies statistical experience factors to the various aging categories of receivable balances in establishing an allowance.

 

(f) Inventories

 

Inventories consisting of food, beverages, and supplies are stated at the lower of cost or market; cost is determined using the first-in, first-out method.

 

(g) Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost. Expenditures for improvements and major renewals are capitalized, and minor replacement, maintenance, and repairs are charged to expense. Depreciation is computed on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Leasehold improvements are amortized on the straight-line basis over the shorter of the lease term or the estimated useful life of the assets. The estimated useful lives for assets are as follows: Building and Building Improvements, 20 years; Equipment, 5 years; Furniture and Fixtures, 5 to 7 years; Computer Equipment, 3 years; Leasehold Improvements, 5 to 25 years.

 

(h) Goodwill

 

Goodwill represents franchise rights reacquired from franchisees. Goodwill acquired in a purchase business combination and determined to have an indefinite useful life is not amortized, but instead tested for impairment at least annually in accordance with the provisions of SFAS No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. In accordance with SFAS No. 142, the Company is required to make any necessary impairment adjustments. Impairment is measured as the excess of carrying value over the fair value of the goodwill. Based upon its review, no impairment charge was required in 2002, 2003, or 2004.

 

(i) Deferred Financing Costs

 

Deferred financing costs represent fees paid in connection with obtaining bank and other long-term financing. These fees are amortized using the interest method over the term of the related financing. Amortization expense of deferred financing cost was $695, $813, and $1,784 in fiscal 2002, 2003, and 2004, respectively.

 

(j) Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

In accordance with SFAS No. 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, long lived assets, such as property, plant and equipment, and purchased intangibles subject to amortization are reviewed for impairment on a restaurant-by-restaurant basis whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized by the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset. Assets to be disposed of would be separately presented in the balance sheet and reported at the lower of the carrying amount or the fair value less costs to

 

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Table of Contents

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

sell, and are no longer depreciated. The assets and liabilities of a disposed group classified as held for sale would be presented separately in the appropriate asset and liability sections of the balance sheet.

 

(k) Rent

 

Certain of the Company’s operating leases contain predetermined fixed escalations of the minimum rent during the term of the lease. For these leases, the Company recognizes the related rent expense on a straight-line basis over the life of the lease and records the difference between amounts charged to operations and amounts paid as deferred rent.

 

Additionally, certain of the Company’s operating leases contain clauses that provide additional contingent rent based on a percentage of sales greater than certain specified target amounts. The Company recognizes contingent rent expense prior to the achievement of the specified target that triggers the contingent rent, provided achievement of that target is considered probable.

 

(l) Marketing and Advertising

 

Marketing and advertising costs are recorded as expense in the period incurred.

 

(m) Pre-Opening Costs

 

Pre-opening costs incurred with the opening of new restaurants are expensed as incurred. These costs include straight-line rent during the rent holiday period, wages, benefits, travel and lodging for the training and opening management teams, and food, beverage and other restaurant operating expenses incurred prior to a restaurant opening for business.

 

(n) Income Taxes

 

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

(o) Revenue Recognition

 

Revenue from restaurant sales is recognized when food and beverage products are sold. Deferred revenue primarily represents the Company’s liability for gift cards that have been sold, but not yet redeemed, and is recorded at the expected redemption value. When the gift cards are redeemed, the Company recognizes restaurant sales and reduces the deferred revenue.

 

The Company franchises Ruth’s Chris Steak House restaurants. The Company executes franchise agreements for each franchise restaurant, which sets out the terms of our arrangement with the franchisee. Its franchise agreements typically require the franchisee to pay an initial, non-refundable fee and continuing fees based upon a percentage of sales. The Company collects ongoing royalties of 4.0% to 5.0% of sales from franchise restaurants. These ongoing royalties are reflected in the accompanying consolidated statements of income as franchise income. The Company recognizes initial franchise fees as revenue after performing substantially all initial services or conditions required by the franchise agreement. Continuing franchise royalties are recognized as revenue as the fees are earned.

 

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Table of Contents

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

(p) Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company applies the intrinsic-value-based method of accounting prescribed by the Accounting Principles Board (“APB”) Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees, (“APB No. 25”) and related interpretations including Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Interpretation No. 44, Accounting for Certain Transactions involving Stock Compensation, an interpretation of APB Opinion No. 25, to account for its fixed-plan stock options. Under this method, compensation expense is recorded on the date of grant only if the current market price of the underlying stock exceeded the exercise price. SFAS No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, (“SFAS No. 123”) and SFAS No. 148, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation-Transition and Disclosure, and amendment of SFAS No. 123, established accounting and disclosure requirements using a fair-value-based method of accounting for stock-based employee compensation plans. As allowed by existing accounting standards, the Company has elected to continue to apply the intrinsic-value-based method of accounting described above, and has adopted only the disclosure requirements of SFAS No. 123, as amended. The following table illustrates the effect on net income adjusted for pro forma provision for income taxes if the fair-value-based method had been applied to all outstanding and unvested awards in each period.

 

     2002

    2003

    2004

 

Net income, as reported

   $ 5,684     1,248     2,442  

Stock-based employee compensation expense

     (20 )   (15 )   (12 )
    


 

 

Pro forma net income

     5,664     1,233     2,430  
    


 

 

 

The per share weighted-average fair value of stock options granted during 2002, 2003, and 2004, under the 2000 Stock Plan was $1.99, $0.00, and $0.00, respectively, using the Black Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions: 2002—expected dividend yield 0.00%, risk free interest rate of 4.48%; and an expected life of five years; 2003—expected dividend yield 0.00%, risk free interest rate of 2.99%; and an expected life of five years; and 2004—expected dividend yield 0.00%, risk free interest rate of 3.48%; and an expected life of five years.

 

(q) Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

(r) Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate the value:

 

    The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, receivables, prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses and other current and long-term liabilities are a reasonable estimate of their fair values.

 

    Borrowings under the term loan and revolving credit facility as of December 26, 2004 and the senior credit facility as of December 28, 2003 have variable interest rates that reflect currently available terms and conditions for similar debt. The carrying amount of this debt is a reasonable estimate of its fair value.

 

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RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

(s) Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In April 2003, the FASB issued SFAS No. 150, Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Characteristics of both Liabilities and Equity. SFAS No. 150 changes the accounting for certain financial instruments that, under previous guidance, could be classified as equity or “mezzanine” equity, by requiring those instruments to be classified as liabilities (or assets in some circumstances) in the statement of financial position. SFAS No. 150 requires disclosure regarding the terms of those instruments and settlement alternatives. This statement was effective for all financial instruments entered into or modified after May 31, 2003, and was otherwise effected at the beginning of the first interim period beginning after June 15, 2003. The restatement of financial statements for earlier years presented is not permitted. The Company adopted SFAS No. 150 effective June 30, 2003 (the beginning of the Company’s 2003 third quarter). Effective with the adoption of SFAS No. 150, the Company reported the mandatorily redeemable preferred stock on the balance sheet as a liability and the accrued dividends and accretion on mandatorily redeemable preferred stock prior to income before income taxes on the statement of operations. Prior to adoption of SFAS No. 150 in accordance with previous guidance, the Company reported mandatorily redeemable preferred stock on the balance sheet as mezzanine equity and the accrued dividends and accretion on mandatorily redeemable preferred stock in retained earnings on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

In November 2004, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 151 “Inventory Costs, an amendment of ARB No. 43, Chapter 4” (“Statement 151”). The amendments made by Statement 151 clarify that abnormal amounts of idle facility expense, freight, handling costs, and wasted materials (spoilage) should be recognized as current-period charges and require the allocation of fixed production overheads to inventory based on the normal capacity of the production facilities. The guidance is effective for inventory costs incurred during fiscal years beginning after June 15, 2005. Earlier application is permitted for inventory costs incurred during fiscal years beginning after November 23, 2004. The Company has assessed the impact of Statement 151, and does not expect it to have an impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In December 2004, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 152 “Accounting for Real Estate Time-Sharing Transactions—An Amendment to FASB Statements No. 66 and 67” (“Statement No. 152”). Statement 152 amends FASB Statement No. 66, “Accounting for Sales of Real Estate,” to reference the financial accounting and reporting guidance for real estate time-sharing transactions that is provided in AICPA Statement of Position (SOP) 04-2, “Accounting for Real Estate Time-Sharing Transactions.” Statement 152 also amends FASB Statement No. 67, “Accounting for Costs and Initial Rental Operations of Real Estate Projects,” to state that the guidance for (a) incidental operations and (b) costs incurred to sell real estate projects does not apply to real estate time-sharing transactions. The accounting for those operations and costs is subject to the guidance in SOP 04-2. Statement 152 is effective for financial statements for fiscal years beginning after June 15, 2005. The Company has assessed the impact of Statement 152, and does not expect it to have an impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In December 2004, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 153 “Exchanges of Non-monetary assets—an amendment of APB Opinion No. 29” (“Statement 153”). Statement 153 amends Accounting Principles Board (“APB”) Opinion 29 to eliminate the exception for nonmonetary exchanges of similar productive assets and replaces it with a general exception for exchanges of nonmonetary assets that do not have commercial substance. A nonmonetary exchange has commercial substance if the future cash flows of the entity are expected to change significantly as a result of the exchange. Statement 153 does not apply to a pooling of assets in a joint undertaking intended to fund, develop, or produce oil or natural gas from a particular property or group of properties. The provisions of Statement 153 shall be effective for nonmonetary asset exchanges occurring in fiscal periods beginning after

 

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Table of Contents

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

June 15, 2005. Early adoption is permitted and the provisions of Statement 153 should be applied prospectively. The Company has assessed the impact of Statement 153, and does not expect it to have an impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In December of 2004, the FASB issued SFAS No. 123R, “Share-Based Payment,” which replaces the requirements under SFAS No. 123 and APB No. 25. The statement sets accounting requirements for “share-based” compensation to employees, including employee stock purchase plans, and requires all share-based payments, including employee stock options, to be recognized in the financial statements based on their fair value. It carries forward prior guidance on accounting for awards to non-employees. The accounting for employee stock ownership plan transactions will continue to be accounted for in accordance with Statement of Position (SOP) 93-6, while awards to most non-employee directors will be accounted for as employee awards. This Statement is effective for public companies that do not file as small business issuers as of the beginning of their first annual period beginning after June 15, 2005 (effective December 26, 2005 for the Company). The Company has not yet determined the effect the new Statement will have on the consolidated financial statements as it has not completed its analysis; however, the Company expects the adoption of this Statement to result in a reduction of net income that may be material.

 

(3) Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment consists of the following:

 

     December 28,
2003


    December 26,
2004


 

Land

   $ 7,607     6,596  

Building and building improvements

     19,972     19,092  

Equipment

     17,565     17,379  

Computer Equipment

     1,553     1,823  

Furniture and fixtures

     5,941     7,772  

Leasehold Improvements

     43,369     38,084  

Construction-in-progress

     458     807  
    


 

     $ 96,465     91,553  

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (33,061 )   (38,814 )
    


 

     $ 63,404     52,739  
    


 

 

The Company capitalizes interest as a component of the cost of construction in progress. In connection with assets under construction in 2003 and 2004, the Company has capitalized $143 and $55 of interest costs, respectively, in accordance with SFAS No. 34, Capitalization of Interest Cost.

 

(4) Other Assets

 

Other assets consist of the following:

 

     December 28,
2003


   December 26,
2004


Deposits

   $ 298    672

Liquor Licenses

     250    362

Deferred Financing Costs

     1,639    2,050

Other

     210    197
    

  
     $ 2,397    3,281
    

  

 

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Table of Contents

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

(5) Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses consist of the following:

 

     December 28,
2003


   December 26,
2004


Accounts Payable

   $ 6,432    6,375

Sales & Use Tax Payable

     1,151    1,295

Accrued Payroll & Related Benefits

     3,272    4,844

Accrued Interest Payable

     2,082    1,079

Other Accrued Expenses

     3,176    4,984
    

  
     $ 16,113    18,577
    

  

 

(6) Notes Payable and Long-term Debt

 

Long-term debt consists of the following:

 

     December 28,
2003


   December 26,
2004


Term loan facility

   $    20,000

Revolving credit facility

        41,000

Senior Credit Facility:

           

Term Loan—Tranche A

     11,509   

Term Loan—Tranche B

     32,224   

Revolving credit facility

     8,750   

Senior subordinated notes

     44,890    19,931
    

  
       97,373    80,931

Less current maturities

       
    

  
     $ 97,373    80,931
    

  

 

(a) Term Loan and Revolving Credit Facility

 

On April 1, 2004, the Company entered into a financing agreement with a commercial lender. The financing consisted of a $20 million term loan facility and a $50 million revolving credit facility. The term loan facility bears interest at the commercial lender’s prime rate plus 4.25% (9.50% at December 26, 2004) and the revolving credit facility bears interest at LIBOR plus 3.50% (5.90% at December 26, 2004). Interest and fees must be paid monthly and the principal is due upon maturity of the financing agreement on June 30, 2006. The proceeds from the refinancing agreement were used to pay the existing balances of the Tranche A and B term loans, the original revolving credit facility, and $13 million of the Senior Subordinated Notes. At December 26, 2004, the Company has $1.7 million of outstanding letters of credit, reducing the amount available on the revolving credit facility to $7.3 million. The Company incurs commitment fees equal to ½ of 1% on the unused portion of the revolving credit facility.

 

The Company is allowed under the financing agreement to make voluntary prepayments of term principal. In addition, the Company is required to make additional principal payments if there is excess

 

F-13


Table of Contents

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

operating cash flow, as defined in the financing agreement, and in the event of any capital contributions, sale or issuance of equity, asset sales, or receipt of proceeds from any recovery event, as defined in the financing agreement.

 

The financing agreement contains certain restrictive covenants, which, among other things, require the Company to comply with certain financial covenants (as defined in the agreement), including a minimum interest coverage, a minimum consolidated EBITDA, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, and a maximum leverage ratio, and places limitations on dividends, indebtedness, capital expenditures, and certain transactions with affiliates. The Company was in compliance with all covenants at December 26, 2004.

 

In connection with this financing agreement, the Company wrote off deferred financing costs relating to the old debt in the amount of $774 and capitalized financing costs relating to the new debt in the amount of $2,196.

 

(b) Senior Credit Facility

 

On September 17, 1999, the Company entered into a senior credit facility agreement consisting of a $72 million term loan facility and a $20 million revolving credit facility. The senior credit facility was amended in September 2001 and April 2003 with respect to certain financial covenants and to reduce the available amount available under the revolving credit facility to $14.5 million. Borrowings under the credit agreement were secured by substantially all of the Company’s assets. The term loan facility consisted of Tranches A and B. The principal on Tranche A and B were due on September 17, 2004 and September 17, 2005, respectively. At the Company’s option, Tranche A term loans bore interest at LIBOR plus 4.00% or the base rate plus 2.00%. Tranche B term loans bore interest at LIBOR plus 4.00% or the base rate plus 2.50%. The rate of the spread depended on certain financial ratios under the credit facility. Interest on base rate loans was payable quarterly and interest on LIBOR loans was payable at the end of the applicable interest period but, in any event, at least quarterly. The revolving credit facility matured September 17, 2004. At the Company’s option, the amount borrowed under the revolving credit facility bore interest at LIBOR plus 4.00% or the base rate, as defined in the credit agreement, plus 2.00%. The rate of the spread depended on certain financial ratios under the credit facility. At December 28, 2003, the Company had $821 of outstanding letters of credit, reducing the amount available on the revolving credit facility to $4.9 million. The Company incurred commitment fees equal to 0.50% on the unused portion of the revolving credit facility. At December 28, 2003, $20,259 of amounts currently due under the senior credit facility were classified as long term due to the closing of the financing agreement on April 1, 2004. All outstanding borrowings under this senior credit facility were repaid on April 1, 2004.

 

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Table of Contents

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

(c) Senior Subordinated Notes

 

The Senior Subordinated Notes bear interest at 13.0% and are due September 30, 2006. These notes are subordinated to any amounts outstanding under the Senior Credit Facility. Interest is payable semi-annually on March 31 and September 30. Beginning after September 30, 2002, the Senior Subordinated Notes were subject to redemption at the option of the Company in whole or in part, at the redemption prices set forth below, plus accrued interest.

 

Twelve Month Period Beginning September 30


   Percentage of
Principal
Amount


 

2002

   106.25 %

2003

   103.25 %

2004

   101.63 %

2005

   100.00 %

2006

   100.00 %

 

The Senior Subordinated Notes contain certain restrictive covenants which, among other things, limit the Company’s ability to incur additional indebtedness, pay dividends, consummate certain asset sales, and enter into certain transactions with affiliates. The Company was in compliance with all covenants at December 26, 2004.

 

In conjunction with the issuance of the Senior Subordinated Notes, a warrant exercisable for 28,302 shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock was issued. The difference between the carrying value of the Senior Subordinated Notes and the liquidation value of the Senior Subordinated Notes is being accreted by periodic charges to operations over the 7-year term of the Senior Subordinated Notes.

 

Scheduled, mandatory principal payments of long-term debt are as follows:

 

2005

   $

2006

     80,931
    

     $ 80,931
    

 

(7) Mandatorily Redeemable Senior Preferred Stock

 

The Company’s 14% mandatorily redeemable Senior Preferred Stock is reflected as a liability in the consolidated financial statements.

 

The Company is authorized to issue 58,000 shares of the 14% Senior Preferred Stock with a par value of $.01 per share. The Senior Preferred Stock has a $1,000.00 per share liquidation value, plus accrued and unpaid dividends and has limited voting rights as discussed below. In the event of liquidation or dissolution, all shares of Senior Preferred Stock, including accrued and unpaid dividends, rank senior to all other classes of stock. In September 1999, the Company issued 20,000 shares of Senior Preferred Stock for $19,623.

 

Holders of the Senior Preferred Stock are entitled to receive, when and if declared, dividends at a rate equal to 14% per annum, which are cumulative and accrue from date of issuance and are compounded annually. Dividends are payable in cash or additional shares of fully paid and non-assessable Senior Preferred Stock. All accrued dividends on the Senior Redeemable Preferred Stock must be paid in cash prior to the payment of any cash dividends on any other series or class of capital stock. The Company is not permitted to pay cash dividends or make other cash distributions pursuant to certain debt agreements.

 

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Table of Contents

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

On September 17, 2007, the Company will be required to redeem all outstanding shares of Senior Preferred Stock at a price equal to liquidation value, plus all accrued and unpaid dividends on such shares. The Company may at any time, at its option and if permitted by debt agreements, redeem all or a portion of the Senior Preferred Stock then outstanding at a price per share equal to the liquidation value thereof, plus all accrued and unpaid dividends on the Senior Preferred Stock outstanding. In addition, the Company may redeem all the outstanding shares of Senior Preferred Stock at a price equal to liquidation value, plus all accrued and unpaid dividends on such shares, in the event of (i) a change in control, (ii) an initial public offering of the Company’s common stock, (iii) default under Articles of Incorporation and the Securities Purchase Agreement, (iv) default and acceleration under credit facilities, or (v) default on redemption of the Senior Preferred Stock.

 

Holders of the Senior Preferred Stock have voting rights with respect to certain matters that could adversely affect their rights. The Senior Preferred Stock does not include any rights for conversion to common stock.

 

As discussed above, the Company issued 20,000 shares of Senior Preferred Stock with a mandatory redemption value of $20 million for total proceeds of $19,623. Such price was determined to be the fair value of this financial instrument (see also Note 8). Deferred financing costs of $600 were netted against the Senior Preferred Stock at issuance. These deferred financing costs were reclassed to Other Assets on the consolidated financial statements in connection with the implementation of SFAS No. 150. The corresponding reduction in redemption value of the preferred stock is recorded as an issuance discount and is being accreted through the preferred stock mandatory redemption date as follows:

 

     Number of
Shares


   Mandatory
Redemption
Value


   Unamortized
Issuance
Discount


    Unamortized
Deferred
Financing Cost


    Net Book
Value


Balance at December 29, 2001

   26,010    26,010    (270 )   (427 )   25,313

Accrual of dividends and accretion of issuance discount

   4,658    4,658    44           75     4,777
    
  
  

 

 

Balance at December 29, 2002

   30,668    30,668    (226 )   (352 )   30,090

Accrual of dividends and accretion of issuance discount

   4,294    4,294    50     11     4,344

Reclass to Other Assets

             341     352
    
  
  

 

 

Balance at December 28, 2003

   34,962    34,962    (176 )       34,786

Accrual of dividends and accretion of issuance discount

   5,024    5,024    47         5,071
    
  
  

 

 

Balance at December 26, 2004

   39,986    39,986    (129 )       39,857
    
  
  

 

 

 

(8) Shareholders’ Equity

 

The Junior Preferred Stock earns cumulative dividends of 8% annually, payable in cash or in additional shares of fully paid and non-assessable Junior Preferred Stock. All accrued dividends on the Junior Preferred Stock must be paid in cash prior to the payment of any cash dividends on any other series or class of capital stock other than the Senior Preferred Stock. Holders of the Junior Preferred Stock have voting rights with respect to certain matters that could adversely affect their rights. The Company or the holders of the Junior Preferred Stock may elect to convert the Junior Preferred Stock to Class A Common Stock in the event of an initial public offering. The amount of Class A Common Stock issued upon conversion is determined as the liquidation value of the Junior Preferred Stock (plus all accrued and unpaid dividends) as of the date of the consummation of the initial public offering divided by the selling price per share of the common stock to the public in the initial public offering.

 

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Table of Contents

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

The holders of the Class A Common Stock are entitled to one vote per share on all matters to be voted on by the Company’s shareholders. Holders of Class A Common Stock are entitled to convert, at any time and from time to time, any or all of the shares of Class A Common Stock held by such holder into the same number of shares of Class B Common Stock.

 

The holders of the Class B Common Stock do not have voting rights. Holders of Class B Common Stock are entitled to convert, at any time and from time to time, any or all of the shares of Class B Common Stock held by such holder into the same number of shares of Class A Common Stock.

 

In conjunction with the issuance of the Senior Preferred Stock, a warrant exercisable for 37,736 shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock was issued. The warrant is exercisable at a price of $.01 per share in whole at any time and in part from time to time for a period of 10 years after issuance. The warrants were valued at an amount equal to the Class A Common stock sold at the time of the warrant issue, because the rights and privileges of the Class B Common stock to be received upon the exercise of the warrants was substantially the same as the Class A Common stock sold at the same time. The value attributable to the warrants resulting from the allocation of the aggregate proceeds from the Senior Preferred Stock was $377 and is included in additional paid in capital on the consolidated balance sheets. In November 2004, an additional warrant exercisable for 3,397 shares of Class B Common Stock was issued pursuant to the anti-dilution provisions of the initial warrant agreement. These additional warrants were valued at zero, consistent with the value of the restricted shares of Class A Common stock sold at the time of the warrant issue.

 

In conjunction with the issuance of the Senior Subordinated Notes, a warrant exercisable for 28,302 shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock was issued. The warrant is exercisable at a price of $.01 per share in whole at any time and in part from time to time for a period of 10 years after issuance. The warrants were valued at an amount equal to the Class A Common stock sold at the time of the warrant issue, because the rights and privileges of the Class B Common stock to be received upon the exercise of the warrants, was substantially the same as the Class A Common stock sold at the same time. The value attributable to the warrants resulting from the allocation of the aggregate proceeds from the Senior Subordinated Notes was $283,000 and is included in additional paid in capital on the consolidated balance sheets. The warrants contain certain anti-dilution provisions. During fiscal 2004, an additional warrant exercisable for 2,548 shares of Class A Common Stock was issued pursuant to the anti-dilution provisions of the initial warrant agreement. These additional warrants were valued at zero, consistent with the value of the restricted shares of Class A Common stock sold at the time of the warrant issue.

 

(9) Employee Benefit Plan

 

In 2000, the Company established a 401(k) plan. Eligible employees may contribute up to 15% of their annual compensation. At the discretion of the Company’s management and Board of Directors, the Company can match the employees’ contributions at year end. Employees vest in the Company’s contributions based upon their years of service. The Company’s expenses relating to matching contributions were approximately $418, $108, and $141 for the years ended December 29, 2002, December 28, 2003, and December 26, 2004, respectively.

 

(10) Incentive and Stock Option Plans

 

The Company established a stock option plan (the 2000 Stock Option Plan) which allows the Company’s Board of Directors to grant stock options to directors, officers, key employees, and other key individuals performing services for the Company. The 2000 Stock Option Plan authorizes grants of options to purchase up to 85,096 shares of authorized but unissued Class A Common Stock. The Plan provides for granting of options to

 

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Table of Contents

RUTH’S CHRIS STEAK HOUSE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

purchase shares of common stock at an exercise price not less than the fair value of the stock on the date of grant. Options are exercisable at various periods ranging from one to ten years from date of grant.

 

The Company established a restricted stock plan (the 2004 Restricted Stock Plan), which allows the Company’s Board of Directors to grant restricted stock to directors, officers and other key employees. The 2004 Restricted Stock Plan authorizes restricted stock grants of up to 56,257 shares of authorized but unissued Class A Common Stock.

 

Under the Company’s 2000 Stock Option Plan there are 85,096 shares of Class A Common Stock reserved for issue at December 26, 2004 and 24,855 shares available for future grants. Under the Company’s 2004 Restricted Stock Plan, there are 56,257 shares of Class A Common Stock reserved for issue at December 26, 2004 and no shares available for future grants.

 

In November 2004, the Company issued 7,100 stock options with an exercise price of $10 per share under the 2000 Stock Plan and 56,257 shares of restricted stock for $.05 per share under the 2004 Restricted Stock Plan. The fair value of the Company’s Class A Common Stock on the date of issuance was zero. The fair value was determined by the Board of Directors with the assistance of a contemporaneous appraisal of the enterprise value of the Company performed by a third party in April 2004.

 

Stock option activity during the periods indicated is as follows:

 

     2002

   2003

   2004

     Shares

    Weighted
average
exercise
price


   Shares

    Weighted
average
exercise
price


   Shares

    Weighted
average
exercise
price


Outstanding at beginning of year

   64,786     $ 10    66,111     $ 10    57,090     $ 10

Granted

   6,075            8,560       10    7,100       10

Exercised

&n